Azam Khan (singer)

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Azam Khan
Native name
আজম খান
Born
Mahbubul Haque Khan

(1950-02-28)28 February 1950
Died5 June 2011(2011-06-05) (aged 61)
Cause of deathOral cancer
Resting placeBuried in Martyred Intellectuall's Graveyard, Mirpur, Dhaka, Bangladesh
NationalityBangladeshi
Other names
Education
Alma materT & T College
Occupation
  • Singer-songwriter
  • record producer
  • actor
Years active1967-2011
Spouse(s)
  • Sahida Begum
    (m. 1981; div. 1993)
Children3, including Ima, Hridoy and Aroni
Parents
  • Aftabuddin Khan (father)
  • Jobeda Begum (mother)
RelativesAlam Khan (brother)
Musical career
Genres
Instruments
Labels
  • Soundtek
  • Sonali
  • CD Sounds
  • Sargam
  • Sangeeta
  • D-Series
Associated acts
Websiteguruazamkhan.net

Mahbubul Haque Khan (28 February 1950 - 5 June 2011), best known as Azam Khan, was a Bangladeshi singer-songwriter, record producer, and lead singer for the rock band "Uchcharon". He was also a freedom fighter. He took part in the Liberation War of Bangladesh in 1971. He is considered to be one of the greatest artist in the history of Bangladeshi popular music.[1]

Khan was born and raised in Dhaka. He was interested in music since his childhood. He started his music career there with the group "ক্রান্তি শিল্পী গোষ্ঠী (Trinity Artist Group)" in 1967. In 1969, he went to the "গণঅভূথ্যান (People Awakening)", against the Pakistani army. In 1971, inspired by his father, he and his brothers took part in the Liberation War of Bangladesh. He was trained in Meghaloy, India. He fought in the Sector 2, under Major Khaled Mosharraf. In mid-December, 1971 he came back from the camps and started his music career again. He found the pioneering rock band "Uchcharon", along with his friends Nilu (lead guitars) and Mansoor (rhythm guitars), Sadek (drums).[2]They first appeared on Bangladesh Television in 1972. They got commercial success with the hit "রেল লাইনের বস্তিতে (In the Slum Beside the Rail Line)" in 1975. Releasing more hit songs in the 1970s, they became a popular rock band in Asia. In the late 1970s, they released more hit songs like "আলাল ও দুলাল (Alal and Dulal)", "সালেকা মালেকা (Saleka Maleka)" and "আসি আসি বলে তুমি (Come on, You come)".[3]

Khan is widely regarded as one of the most important and influential artist in Bangladesh.[4]His contribution to the music industry, brought him the second highest civilian honour award "Ekushe Padak", which he will be awarded posthumously in 2019 and also the honorific nickname "The Rock Guru", which he is mostly called by his fans.[5]

Early life[edit]

Khan was born in 28 February, 1950 in Azimpur[6],Dhaka to Aftabuddin Khan (father) and Jobeda Begum (mother). They used to live in the No. 10 Government Quarter Colony. His father was the Administrative officer of Secretariat Home Department, but personally he was a homeopathic doctor. He had three brothers and one sister, including brothers Sayeed Khan, Alam Khan, Leyakot Ali Khan and sister Shamima Akhter Khanom. In 1956, his father built a house in Kamalapur. He was admitted to Motijheel Provincial School. In 1965, he was admitted to Siddheswari Boys' High School in the Commercial divison, from where he passed the SSC exam in 1968. He went to T & T College in 1970. When the war started his studies didn't go so well.[7]

Participation in Liberation war[edit]

In 1969, Khan took part in the "গণঅভূথ্যান (Public Awakening)" against the West Pakistan government. He was a member of the group "ক্রান্তি শিল্পী গোষ্ঠি (Trinity Artist Group)" back then. He used to compose songs against Pakistani rulers.[8]In 1971, his father Aftabuddin became the senior officer in the secretariat. His father inspired him and his brothers to go to the war. He went to Agortola on foot with his two friends. His target was to work under major Khaled Mosharraf in Sector 2. He took part in the war at the age of 21. He went to Meghaloy of India for training. At the end of the training, he took part in the protest against the Pakistani army in Comilla.[9]He first fought straight some time in Saldah, after that he returned to Agartala again. He was then sent to Dhaka to take part in the guerrilla war. Azam Khan was in charge of a section of two sectors. The sector commander was colonel Khaled Mosharraf.[10] In Dhaka, he took part in several guerrilla attacks in Dhaka and around it as a section commander. Azam Khan is basically responsible for managing guerrilla operations in Jatrabari-Gulshan area. The most notable of these was "Operation Titas" under his leadership. Their duty was to destroy some gas pipelines in Dhaka, especially Hotel Intercontinental (Now Sheraton Hotel), Hotel Purbani obstructing gas supply. Their goal was to make sure that the foreigners staying in those hotels can understand that a war is going on in the country. In this war, he was hit in his left ear. Which later obstructed his hearing. Azam Khan entered Dhaka with his accomplices in mid-December 1971. Earlier that, they defeated the Pakistani army in a battle organized in Trimohani near Madartek.[11]

Career[edit]

Azam Khan was a Bangladeshi Freedom Fighter. He fought in Sector 2 under Brigadier Khaled Mosharraf in the Liberation war of Bangladesh in 1971.[12] After the war, he entered the music arena. He founded the band "উচ্চারণ (Pronunciation)" in 1973.[13] His first appearance in music domain was from Spondon's musical program and performance at Bangladesh Television, in DIT Building in Dhaka about 3rd quarter of 1972 with rock singers like Nasir Ahmed Apu, Firoz Shai. Guitarist Mansur, Congo player Naseem of "স্পন্দন (Pulsation)". The program was directed by Mansur Ahmed Nipu of "স্পন্দন (Pulsation)" and produced by Noazesh Ali Khan of BTV. His rock band earned instant reputation and Azam Khan came to be known as "Rock Guru". Some of his biggest hits are "Ore Saleka, Ore Maleka", "Jibone Kichhu Pabona Re", "Ami Jare Chaire", "Ashi Ashi Bole Tumi", "Obhimani", "Rail liner bostite", "Hei Allah Hei Allah Re", "Alal O Dulal".

He was also passionate with playing cricket. He had played Dhaka second division league as late as 1998, when he was around 48.

Personal life[edit]

Khan married Sahida Begum on 14 January, 1981 in Madartek, Dhaka, at the age of 31. The couple had three childrens. The first daughter Ima Khan, first son Hridoy Khan and second daughter Aroni Khan. Khan divorced his wife in 1993.[14]

Death and legacy[edit]

Azam Khan died on 5 June 2011 at Dhaka Combined Military Hospital at the age of 61. He was suffering from oral cancer which had spread to his lungs. In 2013 Khan's family established "Azam Khan Foundation" aiming to help destitute artists.[15][16]

Azam Khan, together with rock & pop music artist Fakir Alamgir, Ferdous Wahid, Firoz Shai, Najma Zaman, and Pilu Momtaz is credited with pioneering and popularizing Bangladeshi rock music.[17] About his career, singer-musician-composer Habib Wahid said, "The history of Bangladeshi Rock Music began with Azam Khan. His songs were very popular in the post-independence Bangladesh, and they haven't lost their appeal at all." Pop star Mila said, "Azam Khan introduced this genre Rock and Roll to Bangladeshi people." Indie singer-musician-composer Arnob said, "He is not among us anymore but his songs will keep his spirit alive. He'll live forever through his music." [18]

Awards[edit]

Azam Khan has been awarded a several awards for his contributions to the country and the Bangladeshi music. In 1993, he won the "Best Pop Singer Award", "Television Audience Award" in 2002. He also received the "Lifetime Achievement Award" with Coca-Cola gold bottle, "Award of Council of Urban Guerilla", "Dhaka '71 and Freedom Fighter Award" from Radio Today. In 2019, he will be awarded the second highest civilian honour award "Ekushey Padak" posthumously for his contribution to the "1971 Liberation War" and Bangladeshi music industry.

Discography[edit]

Uccharon[edit]

  • "অভিমানী (Arrogant)"
  • "আলাল ও দুলাল (Alal and Dulal)"
  • "দিদিমা (Granny)"
  • Bangladesh
  • Bangladesh II
  • "ফেলে আসা দিনগুলো পিছু ডাকে (The Past Day's Calls Back)"
  • "কেউ নাই আমার (I Have No One)"
  • "আর দেখো না (Don't See Anymore)"
  • "ব্যস্ত ভবঘুরে (Busy Hobo)"
  • "আর গাইবোনা গান (Not Gonna Sing a Song Again)"
  • "থাকবো না যেদিন (I Won’t Stay that Day)"
  • Rockstar
  • "বর্ষাকাল (Rainy Days)"
  • "মাটির পৃথিবীতে (Earth of Soil)"
  • "নতুন পুরান (New Old)"
  • "নীল নয়না (Blue Eyes)"
  • "কিছু চাওয়া (Something to Ask)"
  • "অনামিকা (Anamika)"
  • "পুরে যাচ্ছে (It’s Burning)"
  • "গুরু তোমায় সালাম (Salam to You, Guru)"
  • "সালেকা মালেকা (Saleka Maleka)"

Filmography[edit]

Film name Year Character
1 "হীরামনি (Hiramani)" 1986 Himself
2 "Godfather" 1993 Himself

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Azam Khan receives posthumous Ekushey Padak". www.dhaktribune.com. Retrieved 7 February 2019.
  2. ^ "Azam Khan is dead". www.bdnews24.com. Retrieved 9 February 2019.
  3. ^ "Today is Azam Khan's birthday". www.jagonews24.com. Retrieved 9 February 2019.
  4. ^ "Article on Bangladeshi singers". www.uae.souq.com. Retrieved 9 February 2019.
  5. ^ "Remembering the Rock Guru Azam Khan". www.theindipendentbd.com. Retrieved 9 February 2019.
  6. ^ "Pop Guru remembered". www.daily-sun.com. Retrieved 9 February 2019.
  7. ^ "Freedom fighter Azam Khan". www.thedailystar.net. Retrieved 9 February 2019.
  8. ^ "Contractors stop govt project work in Kishoreganj". The Daily Star. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
  9. ^ "The Daily Star - Happy Birthday to Azam Khan". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 9 February 2019.
  10. ^ "Bangladeshi legendary singer Azam Khan passes away". www.washingtonradio.com. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  11. ^ "State send off for Azam Khan". www.bdnews24.com. Retrieved 9 February 2019.
  12. ^ "Notes from Dhaka's historical underground". www.newagebd.net. Retrieved 9 January 2009.
  13. ^ "The Turbulent Evolution of Bangla Rock". www.archive.thedailystar.net. Retrieved 28 February 2009.
  14. ^ "Khan, Azam - Banglapedia". en.banglapedia.org. Retrieved 2016-10-25.
  15. ^ জন্মদিনে আজম খান ফাউন্ডেশন (in Bengali). Prothom Alo. 2013-02-28. Archived from the original on 2013-03-02. Retrieved 2013-02-28.
  16. ^ "Contractors stop govt project work in Kishoreganj". The Daily Star. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
  17. ^ "Pop Sensation of Yesteryears Pilu Momtaz Passes Away". The Daily Star (Bangladesh). 2011-05-24. Archived from the original on 2012-01-11. Retrieved 2011-05-31.
  18. ^ Shazu, Shah Alam (25 July 2011). "How singers of this generation evaluate Azam Khan". The Daily Star.

External links[edit]