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Azamgarh is located in Uttar Pradesh
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 26°04′05″N 83°11′02″E / 26.068°N 83.184°E / 26.068; 83.184Coordinates: 26°04′05″N 83°11′02″E / 26.068°N 83.184°E / 26.068; 83.184
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
 • MPMulayam Singh Yadav (SP)
Elevation64 m (210 ft)
 • Total116,165
 • OfficialHindi, Urdu, English
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Area code(s)05462
Vehicle registrationUP-50

Azamgarh is a city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is the headquarters of Azamgarh division, which consists of Balia, Mau and Azamgarh districts. Azamgarh is situated on the bank of Tamsa River (Tons).


Azamgarh, one of the easternmost districts of Uttar Pradesh, once formed a part of the ancient Kosala kingdom, except its north-eastern part. Azamgarh is also known as land of the sage Durvasa whose ashram was located in Phulpur tehsil, near the confluence of Tamsa and Majhuee rivers, 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) north of the Phulpur tehsil headquarters.

The district is named after its headquarters town, Azamgarh, which was founded in 1665 by Azam, son of Vikramajit. Vikramajit was a descendant of Gautam Rajputs of Mehnagar in pargana Nizamabad who like some of his predecessors had embraced the faith of Islam. He had a Muslim wife who bore him two sons Azam and Azmat. While Azam gave his name to the town of Azamgarh, and the fort, Azmat constructed the fort and settled the bazar of Azmatgarh in pargana Sagri.[1] After the attack of Chabile Ram, Azmat Khan fled northwards followed by the interior forces. He attempted to cross the Ghaghra into Gorakhpur, but the people on the other side opposed his landing, and he was either shot in mid stream or was drowned in attempting to escape by swimming.

In 1688 A.D. during Azmat's[dubious ] lifetime, his eldest son Ekram took part in the management of the state, and after Azam's[dubious ] death he was perhaps left in possession together with Mohhabat, another son. The remaining two sons were taken away and for a time detained as hostages for their brothers' 'good behaviour'.

The successor of Ikram finally confirmed the title of his family to the Jamidari. Ikram left no heirs and was succeeded by Iradat, son of Mohhabat. But the real ruler all along had been Mohhabat, and after Ikram's death, he continued to rule in his son's name.


Azamgarh has an average elevation of 64 metres (209 feet).[2] The district consists of a series of parallel ridges, whose summits are depressed into beds or hollows, along which the rivers flow; while between the ridges are low-lying rice lands, interspersed with numerous natural reservoirs.[3] The soil is fertile, and very highly cultivated, bearing good crops of rice, sugarcane, and wheat and orchards of mango and guava. Maize, gram, corn,[vague] mustard are other major crops


By road

Azamgarh is connected with Lucknow 268 km (167 mi) and Delhi 761 km (473 mi) by road. It has one of the biggest bus depots in eastern Uttar Pradesh and regular bus services to almost all district headquarters of Uttar Pradesh and also to Delhi. Recently A NH 28 Passed From Varanasi To Lumbini Via Azamgarh which is to be four and NH 233B (NH 28 as per new numbering system) is new rote in Azamgarh, Rajesultanpur, Gorakhpur Road.Azamgarh will be part of Lucknow Ballia Expressway.

By train

Azamgarh station is one of the most important of eastern Uttar Pradesh. Azamgarh is directly connected to Delhi by Kaifiyat express, to Mumbai by Mumbai LTT - Azamgarh Weekly Express, Godaan express, to Ahmedabad, the state capital Lucknow, Jaipur, Ajmer, and Amritsar, to Kolkata by KOAA AMH Express (13137).

By air

Azamgarh has a new airport, Manduri Airport, 9 km (5.6 mi) away. The nearest international airport is Lal Bahadur Shastri Airport (Varanasi), 100 km (62 mi) away.


As per provisional data of 2011 census, Azamgarh urban agglomeration had a population of 116,165 out of which males were 60,678 and females were 55,487. The literacy rate was 86 per cent.[4]


Azamgarh experiences a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cwa) with large variations between summer and winter temperatures.[5][vague][6][vague] Summers are long, from early April to October with intervening monsoon seasons, and are also extremely hot, even by South Asian standards. The temperature ranges between 22 and 46 °C (72 and 115 °F) in the summers. Winters in Azamgarh see very large diurnal variations, with warm days and downright cold nights. Cold waves from the Himalayan region cause temperatures to dip across the city in the winter from December to February and temperatures below 5 °C (41 °F) are not uncommon. The average annual rainfall is 1,110 mm (44 in). Fog is common in the winters, while hot dry winds, called loo, blow in the summers.[7][vague] In recent years, the water level of the Tamsa has decreased significantly.

Climate data for Azamgarh
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 19
Average low °C (°F) 8
Average precipitation mm (inches) 19.3
Source: [8][9]


The average literacy rate of Azamgarh town in 2011 was 70.93%, compared to 56.95% in 2001. Male and female literacy were 81.34% and 60.91% respectively. For the 2001 census, In Azamgarh district. the corresponding figures were 71.04% and 43.40% The literate population of Azamgarh district was 2,771,917, of which male and female were 1,559,414 and 1,212,503 respectively.[10]

Culture and language[edit]

Awadhi (20%), Bhojpuri (55%), Khadi Bhasha (18%) and Urdu (25%).[citation needed]


Azamgarh has a number of educational institutions ranging from basic educational institutions to the higher institution.The are number of ITI and Polytechnics. Some of the well known institution are as :

List of theatres[edit]

  • Vishal Talkies (Sidhari, Mau road)
  • Murli DD Plex (Paharpur)
  • Shivam Palace Saraimeer
  • Vijay Palace Atraulia
  • Trimurti Mubarakpur
  • Sunjay Talkies Jiyanpur(Closed)
  • Jaiswal Palace Sathion(Closed)
  • Gaurav Chitra Mandir Lalganj
  • Prakash Mubarakpur
  • Jugal Mubarakpur
  • chandrakala bilariyaganj

Local media[edit]

Mostly all major English, Hindi and Urdu dailies including Times of India, Hindustan Times, The Hindu, Dainik Jagran, Amarujala, Hindustan, Rashtree Sahara, Inquilab, Hausla News, UttarPradesh.ORG are available in Azamgarh. Hindi and Urdu dailies also have their bureaus in the city. Almost all big Hindi TV news channel have stringers in the city.


  • Voice Of Azamgarh (90.8) Community Radio.[15]
  • Air Vividh Bharti (101.2) which Broadcast from Mau District & Covers Azamgarh city too.

Notable people[edit]

NB This list is only for people from Azamgarh itself, for those from elsewhere in the district please see Azamgarh district.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Origin of Name of Azamgarh :". Retrieved 28 August 2014.
  2. ^ "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Azamgarh". Retrieved 2012-05-30.
  3. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Azamgarh". Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 79.
  4. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-07.
  5. ^ Singh 1975, p. 4.
  6. ^ Pandey 1989, p. 13.
  7. ^ Singh & Rana 2002, p. 27.
  8. ^ "Seasonal Weather Averages". Weather Underground. December 2010. Retrieved 22 December 2010., temperature data from Weather Underground
  9. ^ "Varanasi". Indian Meteorology Department. Archived from the original on 9 July 2012. Retrieved 22 December 2010., precipitation data from Indian Meteorology Department
  10. ^ "Azamgarh District : Census 2011 data". Census Retrieved 22 May 2015.
  11. ^ "Shibli National College, Azamgarh". Retrieved 2018-11-12.
  12. ^ "Children Senior Secondary School Azamgarh Uttar Pradesh". Retrieved 2018-11-12.
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 1 July 2013.
  16. ^ a b "The Azamgarh you don't know"; within Saikat Datta and Sharat Pradhan, "A place and its negative", Outlook, 6 October 2008, p.34. Here at Google Books.
  17. ^ Profile of Iqbal Abdulla, ESPN.
  18. ^
  19. ^

External links[edit]