Azerbaijan–Estonia relations

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Azerbaijani–Estonian relations
Map indicating locations of Azerbaijan and Estonia



Azerbaijan–Estonia relations refer to foreign relations between Azerbaijan and Estonia. Both countries were part of Russian Empire and Soviet Union. Azerbaijan has an embassy in Tallinn. Estonia is represented in Azerbaijan through its embassy in Ankara (Turkey). Both countries are full members of the Council of Europe and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). Azerbaijan, along with Georgia and Armenia, is Estonia's ally in South Caucasus. Approximately 2,500 Azerbaijanis live in Estonia.[1]


Before the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Azerbaijan participated in the union-wide referendum as the Soviet Union was being reformed into a looser federation while Estonia boycotted the referendum. The latter did not happen as an result of the coup in August 1991.

Political relations[edit]

First visit by Estonian government happened in 1996 when Siim Kallas, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Estonia visited Azerbaijan and joint declarations were signed. In 2000, the Azerbaijan-Estonian inter-parliamentary working group was established in National Assembly of Azerbaijan.[2] Estonia supported Azerbaijan in joining the Council of Europe and supports Azerbaijan's integration into Euro-Atlantic structures.[3] President of Estonia Toomas Hendrik Ilves paid a visit to Azerbaijan in 2009 and President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev visited Estonia in 2010.[4] Estonia supports the resolution of the issues related to the Nagorno-Karabakh and the adjacent areas through negotiations. Former Estonian Minister of Foreign Affairs Kristina Ojuland have stated that Nagorno-Karabakh is an "inseparable" of Azerbaijan.[5] Azerbaijan is considering to cancel visa regime with Estonia. Estonia also interests in development of cooperation with Azerbaijan within NATO's peacekeeping missions.[6] Azerbaijan is interested in developing the high-level political dialogue. Even though not many defence related co-operation projects have taken place between two nations, defense and military-related contacts have been described as "good and open-minded".[7]

Mayor of Narva (1999–2000) and Minister of Population Affairs of Estonia (2002–2003) Eldar Efendiev also had an Azerbaijani origin.[8][9]

Economic relations[edit]

trade between two countries has been minimal during the past few years, but it has tremendous potential. Both intend to expand cooperation in IT and banking.[10]

Cultural relations[edit]

Since both countries used to be part of Russian Empire and Soviet Union, two nations met with each other's culture from early times. There are information from late XIX libraries of Estonia works of about works of well-known poets of Azerbaijan such as Mirza Shafi Vazeh, Molla Panah Vagif and Mirza Fatali Akhundov which was translated into German language. Translations into Estonian from German started in 1981 with Yukhan Kiyv, Gustav and Anna Haov Vulf. In 1978, "Scala", Estonian newspaper published some works of Molla Panah Vagif. The first Azerbaijani-Estonian dictionary, compiled by Vidadi Mamedov, has been published.

Since 1990 an Azerbaijani Sunday school has been working in Tallinn, as well as there's a Eastern Culture University in Tallinn which was named after Azerbaijani academician and ophthalmologist Zarifa Aliyeva.[11]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]