Germans in Azerbaijan
The beginning of mutual relations dates back to the 19th century. German company “Siemens Brothers” built copper smelting plants in Gadabay, and cobalt plant in Dashkesan. As the result of the construction of these plants, the activity of German industrialist grew in Azerbaijan and German colonies emerged in surrounding areas, especially in Goygol (Helenendorf) and Shamkir (Annenfeld). The German population of Azerbaijan reached 23133 until 1939 living in 8 colonies. In 1941, Soviet authorities deported German population of Azerbaijan to Kazakhstan and Siberia.
Germany recognized the independence of Azerbaijan on January 12, 1992. Diplomatic relations between Azerbaijan and Germany established on February 20, 1992. Azerbaijan opened its first Embassy in Western Europe, in Germany on September 2, 1992, and Embassy of Germany to Azerbaijan was opened on September 22, 1992.Ramin Hasanov was accredited as the Ambassador of Azerbaijan to Germany in September 2016. Michael Kindsgrab is the Ambassador of Germany in Azerbaijan since August 2016.
Legal base of bilateral relations
Several documents signed between the two countries: the Agreement on Financial Cooperation (April, 1995); Agreement on Air Transport (July 1995); Agreement on Cultural Cooperation (December 1995); Agreement on abrogation of double taxation in respect to income and property taxes (August 2004); Agreement on military cooperation between the Ministry of Defense of Azerbaijan and the Federal Ministry of Defense of Germany; Joint Declaration on Legal Cooperation between the Ministry of Justice of Azerbaijan and the Federal Ministry of Justice of Germany; Memorandum of Understanding on the establishment of a high-level Working Group on Trade and Investment between the Ministry of Economic Development of Azerbaijan and the Federal Ministry of Economy and Technology of Germany (May 2011); Agreement between the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany and the Government of the Republic of Azerbaijan on the establishment of the German-Azerbaijani Foreign Trade Chamber in Baku (March 2012).
High level visits
- President Heydar Aliyev (1996)
- President Ilham Aliyev (2004, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2010, 2012, 2015, 2016.)
- Minister of Foreign Affairs Elmar Mammadyarov (2006, 2008, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014 and 2016)
- Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Araz Azimov (22–23 February 2016)
- President Frank-Walter Steinmeier (2007, 2014 and 2016)
- Chancellor Angela Merkel (2018)
- Minister of Foreign Affairs Guido Westerwelle (2012)
- Minister of Foreign Affairs Klaus Kinkel (1995)
- Minister of Foreign Affairs Joseph Fischer (2001, 2004)
The inter-parliamentary cooperation between the two countries is carried out by the Working Group on Azerbaijan-Germany inter-parliamentary relations from Azerbaijan, and the German-South Caucasus Parliamentary Group from Germany.Milli Majlis established the Working Group on Azerbaijan-Germany inter-parliamentary relations on 7 March 1997. According to the decision of Milli Majlis dated 4 March 2016, the head of the Working Group on Azerbaijan-Germany inter-parliamentary relations is Rovshan Rzayev.
In 2007 the Berlin-Baku gallery was opened in Berlin as a partner of the Maiden Tower Gallery in Baku. “Year of Azerbaijan” was held in Germany in 2008, and German Culture Weeks were organized in Azerbaijan in 2009. The German church located in the area of former Helenendorf was restored in 2008 with the support of Federal Government.
Cultural night was organized at Berlin History Museum in September 2011 on the occasion of 20th anniversary of the independence of the Republic of Azerbaijan, besides cultural evenings were held in Munich, Shtutgart, Cologne, Hamburg in 2013, in Hanover, Düsseldorf, Dresden in 2014, in Frankfurt in 2015 organized by Heydar Aliyev Foundation with support of Azerbaijani Embassy in Germany.
German Embassy in Azerbaijan organized the first German teachers’ day in Azerbaijan, Shaki city in March 2017. A concert dedicated to the 25th anniversary of diplomatic relations between Azerbaijan and Germany was organized in Berlin on December 1, 2017.
According to the statistics, bilateral merchandise trade between Azerbaijan and Germany totaled 1.914 million USD in 2015. Import volume of Azerbaijan was 690,08 million USD, and export was 1.224 million USD in 2015. In 2015, the share of Germany was 9.27% in the foreign trade turnover of Azerbaijan, including 7.48% in imports and 10.71% in exports.
Germany-Azerbaijan High-level Working Group on Trade and Investment was established on May 5, 2011. Head of the Office of the Ministry of Economy of Azerbaijan Samir Valiyev and Director General for Foreign Economic Policy of the Ministry of Economy and Technology of Germany Eckhard Franz are the Co-chairs of the Group. The Group organized meetings in 2011 and 2015 in Berlin, in 2013 and 2014 in Baku. The 7th meeting was held in Berlin on November 22, 2017.
German-Azerbaijani Foreign Trade Chamber was opened in Baku on November 12, 2012. The Chamber has more than 13 member-organizations from the two countries. Representations of some of the Azerbaijani companies are operating in Germany, as SOCAR Germany and AZAL in Frankfurt and Berlin, IBA in Frankfurt.
|Trade turnover between Azerbaijan and Germany
(in thousand USD)
|2012||779 971||964 767||1.744.738|
|2013||823 024||356 735||2.179.759|
|2016||399 192||610 831||1.010.023|
|Extracted from mfa.gov.az|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Relations of Azerbaijan and Germany.|
- Foreign relations of Germany
- Foreign relations of Azerbaijan
- Caucasus Germans
- St. John's Church, Goygol
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