Azerbaijan–Germany relations

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German–Azerbaijani relations
Map indicating locations of Azerbaijan and Germany

Azerbaijan

Germany

The diplomatic relations between Azerbaijan and Germany established in 1992 after Germany recognized the independence of Azerbaijan.

History[edit]

Germans in Azerbaijan[edit]

The beginning of mutual relations dates back to the 19th century. German company “Siemens Brothers” built copper smelting plants in Gadabay, and cobalt plant in Dashkesan. As the result of the construction of these plants, the activity of German industrialist grew in Azerbaijan and German colonies emerged in surrounding areas, especially in Goygol (Helenendorf) and Shamkir (Annenfeld).[1] The German population of Azerbaijan reached 23133 until 1939 living in 8 colonies. In 1941, Soviet authorities deported German population of Azerbaijan to Kazakhstan and Siberia.[2][3]

Embassy of Azerbaijan to Germany

Diplomatic relations[edit]

Germany recognized the independence of Azerbaijan on January 12, 1992. Diplomatic relations between Azerbaijan and Germany established on February 20, 1992. Azerbaijan opened its first Embassy in Western Europe, in Germany on September 2, 1992,[1] and Embassy of Germany to Azerbaijan was opened on September 22, 1992.[4]Ramin Hasanov was accredited as the Ambassador of Azerbaijan to Germany in September 2016.[5] Michael Kindsgrab is the Ambassador of Germany in Azerbaijan since August 2016.[6]

Legal base of bilateral relations[edit]

Several documents signed between the two countries: the Agreement on Financial Cooperation (April, 1995); Agreement on Air Transport (July 1995); Agreement on Cultural Cooperation (December 1995); Agreement on abrogation of double taxation in respect to income and property taxes (August 2004); Agreement on military cooperation between the Ministry of Defense of Azerbaijan and the Federal Ministry of Defense of Germany; Joint Declaration on Legal Cooperation between the Ministry of Justice of Azerbaijan and the Federal Ministry of Justice of Germany; Memorandum of Understanding on the establishment of a high-level Working Group on Trade and Investment between the Ministry of Economic Development of Azerbaijan and the Federal Ministry of Economy and Technology of Germany (May 2011); Agreement between the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany and the Government of the Republic of Azerbaijan on the establishment of the German-Azerbaijani Foreign Trade Chamber in Baku (March 2012).[7]

High level visits[edit]

Visits from Azerbaijan to Germany

Visits from Germany to Azerbaijan

Inter-parliamentary relations[edit]

The inter-parliamentary cooperation between the two countries is carried out by the Working Group on Azerbaijan-Germany inter-parliamentary relations from Azerbaijan, and the German-South Caucasus Parliamentary Group from Germany.[8]Milli Majlis established the Working Group on Azerbaijan-Germany inter-parliamentary relations on 7 March 1997.[10] According to the decision of Milli Majlis dated 4 March 2016, the head of the Working Group on Azerbaijan-Germany inter-parliamentary relations is Rovshan Rzayev.[11]

Consular relations[edit]

The Consular Section of the Embassy of Azerbaijan to Germany carries out the consular service of Azerbaijan in Germany.[12]

Honorary Consulate of the Republic of Azerbaijan in Germany is located in Stuttgart,[13] and the Honorary Consul of Azerbaijan is Otto Hauser.[14]

Cultural relations[edit]

In 2007 the Berlin-Baku gallery was opened in Berlin as a partner of the Maiden Tower Gallery in Baku. “Year of Azerbaijan” was held in Germany in 2008, and German Culture Weeks were organized in Azerbaijan in 2009.[13] The German church located in the area of former Helenendorf was restored in 2008 with the support of Federal Government.[6]

Cultural night was organized at Berlin History Museum in September 2011 on the occasion of 20th anniversary of the independence of the Republic of Azerbaijan, besides cultural evenings were held in Munich, Shtutgart, Cologne, Hamburg in 2013, in Hanover, Düsseldorf, Dresden in 2014, in Frankfurt in 2015 organized by Heydar Aliyev Foundation with support of Azerbaijani Embassy in Germany.[13]

German Embassy in Azerbaijan organized the first German teachers’ day in Azerbaijan, Shaki city in March 2017.[15] A concert dedicated to the 25th anniversary of diplomatic relations between Azerbaijan and Germany was organized in Berlin on December 1, 2017.[16]

Economic relations[edit]

According to the statistics, bilateral merchandise trade between Azerbaijan and Germany totaled 1.914 million USD in 2015. Import volume of Azerbaijan was 690,08 million USD, and export was 1.224 million USD in 2015. In 2015, the share of Germany was 9.27% in the foreign trade turnover of Azerbaijan, including 7.48% in imports and 10.71% in exports.[17]

Germany-Azerbaijan High-level Working Group on Trade and Investment was established on May 5, 2011. Head of the Office of the Ministry of Economy of Azerbaijan Samir Valiyev and Director General for Foreign Economic Policy of the Ministry of Economy and Technology of Germany Eckhard Franz are the Co-chairs of the Group. The Group organized meetings in 2011 and 2015 in Berlin, in 2013 and 2014 in Baku.[18] The 7th meeting was held in Berlin on November 22, 2017.[19]

German-Azerbaijani Foreign Trade Chamber was opened in Baku on November 12, 2012. The Chamber has more than 13 member-organizations from the two countries. Representations of some of the Azerbaijani companies are operating in Germany, as SOCAR Germany and AZAL in Frankfurt and Berlin, IBA in Frankfurt.[18]

Trade turnover between Azerbaijan and Germany

(in thousand USD)

Year Import Export Trade turnover
2012 779 971 964 767 1.744.738
2013 823 024 356 735 2.179.759
2014 703 636 1.925.563 2.629.200
2015 689 996 1.223.961 1.913.958
2016 399 192 610 831 1.010.023
Extracted from mfa.gov.az

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Germany-Azerbaijan relations". lib.aliyev-heritage.org. Retrieved 2017-12-28.
  2. ^ "German footprints in the Caucasus". euronews. 2015-04-27. Retrieved 2017-12-28.
  3. ^ Зейналова, Сyдаба (2002). НЕМЕЦКИЕ КОЛОНИИ В АЗЕРБАЙДЖАНЕ (1819-1941гг.) (PDF). pp. 144–149.
  4. ^ "Information on history of bilateral relations". berlin.mfa.gov.az. Retrieved 2017-12-28.
  5. ^ "Səfirin tərcümeyi-halı". berlin.mfa.gov.az. Retrieved 2017-12-28.
  6. ^ a b "Deutsche Botschaft Baku - Startseite". www.baku.diplo.de (in German). Archived from the original on 2016-11-28. Retrieved 2017-12-28.
  7. ^ "İkitərəfli münasibətlərin müqavilə-hüquq bazası". berlin.mfa.gov.az. Retrieved 2017-12-28.
  8. ^ a b c "Əsas yüksək səviyyəli səfərlər və görüşlər". berlin.mfa.gov.az. Retrieved 2017-12-28.
  9. ^ "Germany calls Azerbaijan 'an increasingly important partner'". EURACTIV.com. Retrieved 2017-12-28.
  10. ^ "Law on the establishment of working groups on inter-parliamentary relations of Milli Majlis of the Republic of Azerbaijan". e-qanun.az. Archived from the original on 2017-12-28. Retrieved 2017-12-28.
  11. ^ "Law on the appointment of heads of working groups on inter-parliamentary relations of Milli Majlis of the Republic of Azerbaijan". e-qanun.az. Archived from the original on 2017-12-28. Retrieved 2017-12-28.
  12. ^ "Konsularangelegenheiten". berlin.mfa.gov.az (in German). Retrieved 2017-12-28.
  13. ^ a b c "Other areas of bilateral cooperation". berlin.mfa.gov.az (in German). Retrieved 2017-12-28.
  14. ^ "Honorarkonsul - Honorary Consul". www.stuttgart-aserbaidschan.de (in German). Retrieved 2017-12-28.
  15. ^ "Deutsche Botschaft Baku - Erster Deutschlehrertag in Sheki". www.baku.diplo.de (in German). Archived from the original on 2017-12-28. Retrieved 2017-12-28.
  16. ^ "Azərbaycan-Almaniya diplomatik münasibətlərinin 25 illiyi Berlində etno-caz konsert proqramı ilə qeyd edilib". berlin.mfa.gov.az. Retrieved 2017-12-28.
  17. ^ "Trade relations of the Republic of Azerbaijan with the Federative Republic of Germany for 2015". İqtisadiyyat Nazirliyi (in Azerbaijani). Retrieved 2017-12-28.
  18. ^ a b "Economic relations". berlin.mfa.gov.az. Retrieved 2017-12-28.
  19. ^ "7th meeting of German-Azerbaijani High-Level Working Group on Trade and Investments held in Berlin". berlin.mfa.gov.az. Retrieved 2017-12-28.