Azerbaijani pakhlava

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Azerbaijani pakhlava
Пахлава DSC3172.jpg
CourseDessert
Place of originAzerbaijan
Main ingredientsYeasty pastry, hazelnuts or Circassian walnut, milled carnation, cardamom, crocus
VariationsMultiple

Azerbaijani pakhlava (Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan Paxlavası), or simply Pakhlava, is an integral part of those sweets, which are made in Azerbaijan[1][2] and Iranian Azerbaijan for Nowruz holiday, but it is not baked only for holidays. Yeasty pastry, hazelnuts or Circassian walnut, milled clove, cardamom, saffron are used for preparation of pakhlava. Milled nuts and sugar are used for stuffing.[3]

About[edit]

The diamond shape of pakhlava is commonly associated with a star or fire in Azerbaijan. Azerbaijani pakhlava is multilayered and commonly prepared with walnuts or almonds and flavored with saffron. It is generally made in a big baking tray. Pakhlava has some variations in different regions of Azerbaijan based on the ingredients and baking techniques. [4][5]

Recipe[edit]

A layer is rolled out from the pastry with thickness of not less than 2 mm, put into baking tray, oiled and lavishly filled with stuffing. This process is continued, until 9-10 layers are made. Another version uses 14 layers.[6] The last layer is greased with yolk, mixed up with saffron. Then pakhlava is cut into two rhombus, then either hazelnut or half of the kernel of Circassian walnut is placed on each piece. Then it is baked with 180°-200°C temperature pending 30-40 minutes.[7][8]

Varieties[edit]

Baku pakhlava. Baku pakhlava can be made of peeled almonds or walnuts. It consists of 8-10 layers. Its top layer is coated with saffron mixed with yolk. A half walnut or pistachio is placed on the center of the top layer of each diamond-shaped piece. Syrop or honey is poured on the surface of pakhlava 15 minutes before it is ready.[9]

Ganja pakhlava. Ganja pakhlava is characterized by its stuffing prepared of almond, sugar and cinnamon, baking on a copper tray over a campfire and consisting of 18 layers of pastry. 8 layers of almond stuffing are spread on every 3 buttered layers of pastry. The surface is coated with egg. Syrop is added to Ganja pakhlava 15-20 minutes before it is ready.[9]Infusion of rose petals (gulab) can also be added to the dough, and cardamom is added to the stuffing.[10][11]

Rishta pakhlava. This kind of pakhlava differs from the other types with its top layer which is covered with rishta. Rishta is made from wheat starch or rice flour. Grid-shaped rishta made by pouring knead liquid dough on hot griddle through a special funnel with 11 holes and baking it in a minute.[9]

Guba pakhlava. This type of pakhlava is characterized especially by its colour. The covering layer of Guba pakhlava is coated with a mixture of saffron and a red colour additive. Guba pakhlava consists of approximately 50 rishta layers.[12][13]

Sheki pakhlava. It is also called Sheki halva. It is made from rishta, stuffing (hazelnut, cardamom and coriander seeds) and syrop.[9][10]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ismayilova, Laman (20 March 2018). "Delicious sweets for Novruz holiday". AzerNews. AzerNews. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  2. ^ Gadimova, Nazrin (27 February 2018). "Celebrating Novruz? Try These 3 Pastries!". Caspian News. Caspian News. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  3. ^ "Азербайджанская пахлава". 2009-03-24.
  4. ^ Jeanne Jacob, Michael Ashkenazi (2014). The World Cookbook: The Greatest Recipes from Around the Globe. ABC-CLIO. pp. 82–83. ISBN 9781610694698.
  5. ^ Nikki Kazimova (2011). Azerbaijan - Culture Smart!: The Essential Guide to Customs & Culture. Kuperard. ISBN 9781857335484.
  6. ^ "Almond-Cardamom Baklava (Azeri Pakhlava)". Saveur. Saveur, Bonnier Corporation. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  7. ^ "Довга, долма и пахлава: секреты азербайджанской кухни".
  8. ^ "АЗЕРБАЙДЖАНСКАЯ ПАХЛАВА".
  9. ^ a b c d Ahmedov, Ahmed-Jabir (1986). Azərbaycan kulinariyası, Азербайджанская кулинария, Azerbaijan Cookery - cookbook, in Azeri, Russian & English. Baku: Ishig.
  10. ^ a b "A tasty journey through Azerbaijan: Sheki and Ganja cuisine". Azerbaijan State News Agency. Archived from the original on 2018-11-07. Retrieved 2018-11-07.
  11. ^ "Gəncə paxlavası". Website of Ganja city of Azerbaijan (in Azerbaijani). Retrieved 2019-02-27.
  12. ^ "Preparation of Guba pakhlava". Report Information Agency (in Azerbaijani). Retrieved 2019-02-27.
  13. ^ "Guba pakhlava". Azerbaijan State News Agency (in Azerbaijani). Retrieved 2019-02-27.