Azerbaijani presidential election, 2008

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Azerbaijani presidential election, 2008

← 2003 15 October 2008 2013 →

  Ilham Aliyev par Claude Truong-Ngoc juin 2014.jpg No image.svg
Nominee Ilham Aliyev Igbal Aghazade
Party New Azerbaijan Azerbaijan Hope
Popular vote 3,232,259 104,279
Percentage 87.34% 2.82%

President before election

Ilham Aliyev
New Azerbaijan

Elected President

Ilham Aliyev
New Azerbaijan

A presidential election was held in Azerbaijan on 15 October 2008. Ilham Aliyev of the New Azerbaijan Party was re-elected with 87% of the votes, according to official results.[1] Several major political parties, including Musavat, the Azerbaijan Popular Front Party, Azerbaijan Liberal Party, and the Azerbaijan Democratic Party boycotted the vote because of alleged poll-fixing and oppression of political opponents.[2]


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The incumbent, Ilham Aliyev, was nominated by the New Azerbaijan Party for a second term on 3 August 2008. Musavat, the Azerbaijan Popular Front Party, the Azerbaijan Liberal Party, the Citizen and Progress Party, and the Azerbaijan Democratic Party announced their boycott of the election due to unfair conditions.[3] In response, an aide to Aliyev claimed that the opposition withdrew because it "knew that President Aliyev would win the elections with a majority."[4] A total of seven candidates filed to run in the election.[5] Each of the candidates had to collect 40,000 support signatures.[6]

Campaigning officially began in mid-September. The candidates were limited to a four-week campaigning period by law. According to Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, IRFS and RSF, the media (state-owned and private) showed bias in favor of Aliyev's candidacy.[5]

The election[edit]

The election was observed by more than 500 international observers, mostly from the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE).[7] The OSCE said that there was progress in the elections compared to past ones, however it did not meet international standards,[8] because of the lack of competition to incumbent Ilham Aliyev.[9] The NATO Secretary General, Jaap de Hoop Scheffer, declared "He welcomes reports from the international election observers from OSCE, Council of Europe and the European Parliament indicating progress in the conduct of Azerbaijan’s presidential elections on 15 October 2008. Azerbaijan should build on this achievement and address the remaining shortcomings that were noted."[10]

Avez Temirhan of the election-boycotting Azerbaijan Liberal Party said, "This leadership is not legitimate and its election does not reflect the will of the people."[11]


A total of seven candidates registered with the Central Election Commission.[12]

The incumbent, Ilham Aliyev, won the election with over 87.34% of the votes, and Igbal Aghazade came in second with 2.82% of the votes. Voter turnout was 75.64%. Fuad Aliyev and Hafiz Hajiev, as in 2003, received fewer votes than supporting signatures.[1] Eight polling places' votes were invalidated.[13]

Azerbaijani presidential election, 2008[1][13][14]
Party Candidate Votes Percentage
New Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev (incumbent) 3,232,259 87.34%
Azerbaijan Hope Igbal Aghazade 104,279 2.82%
Great Creation Fazil Mustafayev 89,985 2.43%
Whole Azerbaijan Popular Front Gudrat Hasanguliyev 83,037 2.24%
Independent Gulamhuseyn Alibayli 81,120 2.19%
Liberal-Democrat Fuad Aliyev 28,423 0.77%
Modern Equality Hafiz Hajiyev 23,771 0.64%
Invalid or blank votes 57,760 1.56%
Totals 3,700,634 100.00%
Voter turnout 75.64%


  1. ^ a b c ""Seçkilər" İnformasiya Mərkəzi" (in Azerbaijani). "Election" Information Center. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  2. ^ "US welcomes 'progress' in Azerbaijan election". Google News. Agence France-Presse. 2008-10-16. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  3. ^ "Azerbaijani president to run for 2nd term in October elections". People's Daily. 2008-08-03. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  4. ^ "Observers criticise Azerbaijan president's re-election". Google News. Agence France-Presse. 2008-10-16. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  5. ^ a b "Azerbaijani Presidential Election Campaign Opens". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 2008-09-17. Archived from the original on 20 October 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  6. ^ Socor, Vladimir (2008-09-23). "Azerbaijan's presidential election campaign kicks off". Eurasia Daily Monitor. The Jamestown Foundation. Archived from the original on 27 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  7. ^ "Opposition parties define 500 observers for presidential elections in Azerbaijan". Today.Az. 2008-10-10. Archived from the original on 22 October 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  8. ^ "Azerbaijan's presidential poll marked considerable progress, but did not meet all election commitments". Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights. 2008-10-16. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  9. ^ "Aliyev Wins Nearly 90% of Vote". The Moscow Times. 2008-10-17. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  11. ^ "Azeri opposition decries Aliyev election victory". Lahore, Pakistan: Daily Times. 2008-10-17. Retrieved 2008-10-17.
  12. ^ "List of the registered candidates related to Presidential Elections of the Republic of Azerbaijan appointed on October 15, 2008". Central Election Commission of the Republic of Azerbaijan. 2008-09-15. Archived from the original on 17 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-16.
  13. ^ a b Президентом Азербайджана вновь стал Ильхам Алиев (in Russian). 2008-10-24. Retrieved 2008-10-25.
  14. ^ ""Seçkilər" İnformasiya Mərkəzi" (in Azerbaijani). "Election" Information Center. Archived from the original on 13 October 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-16.