Rock was greatly restricted for most of the period Azerbaijan was under Soviet rule, being viewed by the CPSU as a Western anti-socialist influence. Among the most recognized groups of the Soviet era were Coldünya, Yuxu, "Eksulap", and "Khurramids".
Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, the rock audience in Azerbaijan started slowly to grow and groups like Unformal gained popularity among local fans.Sumgayit was credited as the main regional driving force behind these rock bands of the 1990s, including Yuxu, Miraj, Mozalan, and Sirr.
In 2014, Tuborg GreenFest was held in Baku. It was the largest rock festival in the country's history.