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The village, with Col d'Azet in the background
The village, with Col d'Azet in the background
Coat of arms of Azet
Coat of arms
Azet is located in France
Location within Occitanie region
Azet is located in Occitanie
Coordinates: 42°48′41″N 0°21′09″E / 42.8114°N 0.3525°E / 42.8114; 0.3525Coordinates: 42°48′41″N 0°21′09″E / 42.8114°N 0.3525°E / 42.8114; 0.3525
Country France
Region Occitanie
Department Hautes-Pyrénées
Arrondissement Bagnères-de-Bigorre
Canton Neste, Aure et Louron
Intercommunality CC Aure Louron
 • Mayor (2014-2020) Jean-Michel Carrot
Area1 26.63 km2 (10.28 sq mi)
Population (2014)2 157
 • Density 5.9/km2 (15/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 65058 /65170
Elevation 1,055–3,020 m (3,461–9,908 ft)
(avg. 1,172 m or 3,845 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Azet is a commune in the Hautes-Pyrénées department in the Occitanie region of south-western France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Azetois or Azetoises.[1]


Azet is located some 55 km south by south-east of Tarbes and 20 km west of Bagnères-de-Luchon. Access to the commune is by road D225 from Estensan in the west to the village. The public square of the village is 1,172 metres above sea level at the intersection of the Aure and Louron valleys with the Col de Val Louron-Azet to the south-east. The commune is very rugged and inaccessible with extensive forests in the south.[2]

The Ruisseau de Lustau flows north from the Lustou Lake in the south of the commune, gathering many tributaries including the Ruisseau de Sarrouyes which flows from lakes in the south-east of the commune, and becoming the Mousquere before passing the village and continuing north to join the Neste d'Aure north of Vielle-Aure.[2]


Azet has a mountain climate with high temperatures in summer.

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]


The probable etymology of the name is Adet, adou, ados, âne, asou, then Azet meaning a place marking the end of the terrain which could only be crossed by donkey or horse.


Azet in winter

There is little evidence to trace the origin of the village except the church, which dates from the fourth quarter of the 12th century[3] In 1887 the village had two primary schools. Village resources were mainly pastoralism with livestock farming of sheep, cows, horses, and donkeys as well as crops such as wheat, rye, meslin, barley, buckwheat, beans, peas, potatoes, turnips, flax sprouts, and hay.

From the 1880s the population decreased due to the waves of typhoid fever during 1886-1887 and the rural exodus of young people.


Arms of Azet
These arms do not respect the rule of tincture and are therefore faulty.

Azure, a fir proper between two donkeys Sable facing fess point all on a terrace in base Vert, in chief a crosslet Argent.


List of Successive Mayors[4]

From To Name Party Position
2001 2020 Jean-Michel Carrot

(Not all data is known)


In 2010 the commune had 161 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
406 398 430 491 480 505 471 500 505
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
465 476 437 438 413 412 386 411 402
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
401 416 415 275 260 243 228 198 190
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
185 174 163 146 135 146 - 161 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

Azet and the mountains
Population of Azet

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

The commune has a number of sites that are registered as historical monuments:

  • Houses and Farms (18th-19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[5]
  • A Farmhouse (1865)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[6]
Other sites of interest
  • The Pyrenean House of Pastoralism is an educational and tourist centre on pastoralism in the mountains. The museum traces the history and development of pastoralism in France and worldwide.

Religious heritage[edit]

The Church

The Church of Our Lady of the Assumption (12th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg is registered as an historical monument.[3][7] The Church contains a very large number of items that are registered as historical objects. For a complete list together with links to descriptions (in French) and some photos click here.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]


  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine., the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.


  1. ^ Inhabitants of Hautes-Pyrénées (in French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00126577 Church of Our Lady of the Assumption (in French)Camera aabb.svg
  4. ^ List of Mayors of France (in French)
  5. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00126622 Houses and Farms (in French)
  6. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00126612 Farmhouse (in French)
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00135468 Church of Our Lady of the Assumption (in French)