Azilsartan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Azilsartan
Azilsartan.svg
Clinical data
Trade namesEdarbi
SynonymsTAK-536
AHFS/Drugs.comConsumer Drug Information
MedlinePlusa611028
License data
Pregnancy
category
  • C (1st trimester)
    D (2nd/3rd trimester) (US)
Routes of
administration
Oral
ATC code
Legal status
Legal status
Pharmacokinetic data
Bioavailability60%
MetabolismCYP2C9
Elimination half-life11 hrs
Excretion55% faeces, 42% urine
Identifiers
CAS Number
PubChem CID
IUPHAR/BPS
ChemSpider
UNII
KEGG
ChEBI
ChEMBL
ECHA InfoCard100.235.975 Edit this at Wikidata
Chemical and physical data
FormulaC25H20N4O5
Molar mass456.46 g/mol
3D model (JSmol)
 ☒N☑Y (what is this?)  (verify)

Azilsartan (INN) is an angiotensin II receptor antagonist used in the treatment of hypertension, developed by Takeda. It is marketed in tablet form under the trade name Edarbi as the prodrug azilsartan medoxomil (INN).

Medical uses[edit]

Azilsartan is used for the treatment of essential hypertension in adults.[1]

Contraindications[edit]

Azilsartan must not be used with aliskiren, a renin inhibitor, in patients with diabetes as this increases the risk of serious adverse effects. Like other antihypertensive drugs acting on the renin–angiotensin system, it is contraindicated during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy.[1][2]

Interactions[edit]

No relevant drug interactions have been found in studies. Based on experiences with other drugs acting on the renin–angiotensin system, it is theorized that azilsartan could increase the toxicity of lithium and of other drugs increasing potassium levels, such as potassium sparing diuretics.[1][2]

Pharmacology[edit]

Mechanism of action[edit]

Azilsartan medoxomil lowers blood pressure by blocking the action of angiotensin II at the AT1 receptor, a hormone that contracts blood vessels and reduces water excretion through the kidneys.[1]

Pharmacokinetics[edit]

Azilsartan medoxomil is quickly absorbed from the gut, independently of food intake. Maximal blood plasma concentrations are reached after one to three hours. The liver enzyme CYP2C9 is involved in the formation of the two main metabolites, which are pharmacologically inactive; they are the O-deethylation and decarboxylation products of azilsartan. Elimination half life is about 11 hours. 55% are excreted via the faeces, and 42% via the urine, of which 15% are present as azilsartan and the rest in form of the metabolites.[2]

Chemistry[edit]

Azilsartan medoxomil, the prodrug

The drug formulation contains the potassium salt of azilsartan medoxomil (codenamed TAK-491), an ester of azilsartan's carboxyl group with the alcohol (5-methyl-2-oxo-1,3-dioxol-4-yl)methanol.[2] This ester is more lipophilic than azilsartan itself.

History[edit]

On 25 February 2011, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved azilsartan medoxomil for the treatment of high blood pressure in adults.[3] On March 8, 2012, Health Canada approved the drug for mild to moderate essential hypertension.[4] In India it is available as AZTRIC Azilsartan kamedoxomil 40mg/80mg *240600*

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Haberfeld, H, ed. (2015). Austria-Codex (in German). Vienna: Österreichischer Apothekerverlag. Edarbi-Tabletten.
  2. ^ a b c d Dinnendahl, V; Fricke, U, eds. (2012). "Arzneistoff-Profile" (in German). 2 (26 ed.). Eschborn, Germany: Govi Pharmazeutischer Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7741-9846-3.
  3. ^ "FDA approves Edarbi to treat high blood pressure" (Press release). U.S. Food and Drug Administration. February 25, 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
  4. ^ Notice of Decision for Edarbi[permanent dead link]