Aziza Brahim during the presentation of the movie "Wilaya", at the 10th Human rights film festival in San Sebastián, Spain, April 26, 2012.
|Native name||عزيزة ابراهيم|
Aziza Brahim Maichan|
June 9, 1976
Sahrawi refugee camps, Tindouf, Algeria
|Genres||Folk music, roots music|
|Occupation(s)||Actress, musician, producer, songwriter|
|Associated acts||Leyoad, Nayim Alal, Yayabo, Gulili Mankoo, Oreka Tx|
She was born in 1976 in the Sahrawi refugee camps, in the Tindouf region of Algeria where her mother had settled in late 1975, fleeing from the Moroccan occupation of Western Sahara. Her father remained in El Aaiun where he later died. Due to the Western Sahara War, Aziza never met him.
Growing up in the severe conditions of the desert camps, Aziza discovered music as both a source of entertainment and a natural way to express and communicate her personal emotions and thoughts of resistance.
At the age of 11, she received a scholarship to study in Cuba, as many Sahrawi students at the time. She wanted to study music, but was rejected. She left school and returned to the refugee camps in 1995, pursuing her musical career. Since 2000 she has lived in Spain, first in León and later in Barcelona. She is married and she has a daughter.
In 1995, she won the "1st National Song Contest", in the National Culture Festival of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic. She then joined the "National Sahrawi Music Group", touring Mauritania and Algeria. In 1998 she contributed with two songs to the v.v.a.a. album "A pesar de las heridas". That year she toured Europe with and the Sahrawi group Leyoad, visiting Spain, France and Germany. In 1999 she returned to the refugee camps, recording a session for the Sahrawi National Radio with Tuareg musicians from Tamanrasset, Algeria. Between 2001 and 2003, she toured again in Spain, France and Germany with Leyoad. In 2005, she collaborated with the Spanish Latin jazz band Yayabo. In 2007 she created the group Gulili Mankoo, composed of musicians from Western Sahara, Spain, Colombia or Senegal, mixing traditional African music with blues and rock, recording with them in 2008 her first solo work, the EP "Mi Canto". In 2009 she collaborated on a song of the v.v.a.a. rap EP "Interrapcion – Crisol 09", and one song from her EP was featured in the compilation album "Listen to the Banned". Since 2009, Aziza Brahim has been regularly touring Spain and France with the Basque txalaparta group Oreka Tx, in the "Nömadak Tx en directo" tour.
In 2011, she became involved in the Spanish film Wilaya, composing, producing and interpreting the original soundtrack, as well as acting for the first time in a film.
In February 2012, Reaktion released Brahim's first LP, entitled "Mabruk" in honor of her grandmother, for June. In April, Efe Eme magazine reported that Brahim would take part in the 2012 edition of the WOMAD Cáceres festival.
In 2014 Aziza Brahim released her third album Soutak (Glitterbeat, 2014), an acoustic record featuring musicians from both the Barcelona and Malian music scenes and incorporating Malian, Spanish, Cuban and contemporary Anglo-European influences in addition to Brahim's traditional Sahrawi sound. Soutak topped the World Music Charts Europe (WMCE) three times (March, April and May 2014).
- 1998 A pesar de las heridas – Cantos de las Mujeres Saharauis
- 2003 Nar
- 2009 Interrapcion – Crisol 09
- 2010 Listen to the Banned
Awards and nominations
In 2009, she was a finalist for the Freedom to Create Prize, which celebrates the power of art to fight oppression, break down stereotypes and build trust in societies. In late April 2012, she won the Málaga Spanish Film Festival Best Original Soundtrack Silver Biznaga, for her music of the movie Wilaya.
Some of the lyrics of her songs are poems that she had heard from her grandmother El-Jadra Mint Mabruk, known as "the poet of the rifle" in the Sahrawi refugee camps
- Stefan Simanowitz (September 21, 2009). "Aziza Brahim, Queen Elizabeth Hall, London – Review". The Independent. Retrieved June 12, 2012.
- "Aziza Brahim (Western Sahara)". Freemuse – The World Forum on Music and Censorship. December 7, 2008. Archived from the original on October 9, 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-17.
- Aziza Brahim Discogs
- Listen to the banned – Aziza Brahim
- Anartz Bilbao (February 4, 2009). "Oreka Tx presenta "Nomadak Tx Zuzenean", en gira por Euskal Herria" (in Spanish). Gara. Retrieved 2012-04-30.
- "Aziza Brahim" (in Spanish). Mirmidon.com. Archived from the original on July 14, 2012. Retrieved 2012-04-30.
- Jordan Muntzer (February 14, 2012). "Wilaya: Berlin Film Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2012-04-29.
- "Ya se conoce el cartel del WOMAD Cáceres 2012" (in Spanish). Efeeme.com. April 20, 2012. Retrieved May 12, 2012.
- "Aziza Brahim-Finalist of the 2009 Freedom to Create Main Prize". Freedomtocreate.com. Archived from the original on 2012-07-30. Retrieved 2012-04-29.
- "Palmarés oficial del 15 Festival de Málaga. Cine español" (in Spanish). FestivaldeMálaga.com. Archived from the original on June 5, 2014. Retrieved 2012-04-29.
- Ljadra Mint Mabruk Aziza-brahim.blogspot.com.es (in Spanish)