Azizi Mosque

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Azizi Mosque
Masjid Azizi
COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM De Azizi Moskee Tandjoengpoera TMnr 60021732.jpg
Azizi Mosque in the 1920s
Basic information
LocationTanjung Pura, Indonesia
Geographic coordinates3°53′29″N 98°25′26″E / 3.891526°N 98.423973°E / 3.891526; 98.423973Coordinates: 3°53′29″N 98°25′26″E / 3.891526°N 98.423973°E / 3.891526; 98.423973
AffiliationIslam
ProvinceNorth Sumatra
StatusActive
Architectural description
Architectural typeMosque
Architectural styleeclectic Mughal
Groundbreaking1899
CompletedJune 13, 1902
Construction cost200,000 ringgit
Specifications
Direction of façadeEast
Capacity2,000
Length25 metres (82 ft)
Width25 metres (82 ft)
Height (max)30 metres (98 ft)
Dome(s)total 21, 4 main domes
Dome height (outer)20 metres (66 ft)[1]
Minaret(s)1
Minaret height60 metres (200 ft)

Azizi Mosque is a mosque located in Tanjung Pura, North Sumatra, Indonesia. It was the royal mosque of the Sultanate of Langkat.

History[edit]

Construction of the mosque started in 1889 following the order of Tengku Sultan Abdul Aziz, late 19th-century ruler of Langkat Sultanate, and son of Tengku Sultan Haji Musa al-Khalidy al-Muazhzham Syah.[2] The mosque was designed by a German architect. Many of the construction workers were the Chinese inhabitant of Langkat Regency. Material for construction were shipped from Penang and Singapore via the river Batang Serangan, and was transferred on site with 80 ox-carts.[2] Abdul Aziz died before the completion of the mosque, so the construction was taken over by his son Tengku Sultan Mahmud Rahmat Syah.[2] The mosque was completed on June 13, 1902. A minaret was added in 1926.[1]

The mosque was restored several times in 1978-1979, 1980–1981, and 1990-1991.[1]

The mosque[edit]

The mosque stands on a complex of about 3 hectares (7.4 acres). The main prayer hall is about 25 x 25 meter. Three Mughal styled entrances on the north, south, and east side of the main prayer hall provide entry points. It is equipped with Mughal-styled copper domes, the heaviest is around 40 tons.[2] The interior is mainly of marble, with Italian crystal chandeliers.[2] Within the mosque complex are several tombs of the royal family belonging to the Langkat Sultanate.[1]

The architecture of the Azizi Mosque had inspired the construction of Zahir Mosque in Kedah, Malaysia.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e I.G.N. Anom & Tjepi Kusman 1991, p. 37.
  2. ^ a b c d e Zein 1999, p. 32.

Works cited[edit]

  • I.G.N. Anom; Tjepi Kusman (1991). Soekatno Tw.; Samidi, eds. Album Peninggalan Sejarah dan Purbakala [Album of Historical and Archeological Heritage] (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Direktorat Jenderal Kebudayaan. ISBN 9789798250002.
  • Zein, Abdul Baqir (1999). Masjid-masjid bersejarah di Indonesia [Historic mosques in Indonesia] (in Indonesian). Gema Insani. ISBN 9789795615675.