Azomonas agilis

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Azomonas agilis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Proteobacteria
Class: Gammaproteobacteria
Order: Pseudomonadales
Family: Pseudomonadaceae
Genus: Azomonas
Species: A. agilis
Binomial name
Azomonas agilis
(Beijerinck, 1901)
Winogradsky, 1938

Azomonas agilis is a species of motile, gram-negative bacteria found in water and is capable of fixing atmospheric nitrogen. It is the type strain for the genus Azomonas.

A. agilis resembles protists with its ovoid, ellipsoidal, or coccoid cells.[1] The cells are relatively large, usually 2.5-6.4 μm long and 2.0-2.8 μm wide, though giant cells that are 10.0-13.5 μm have been described.[1] The cells have peritrichous flagella which enable motility.[1] The species also produces a diffusible yellow-green or red-violet pigment which fluoresces bluish-white under UV light.[1]

A. agilis was first isolated and described by Martinus Beijerinck in 1901, who obtained the species from Dutch canal water in Delft.[1] Beijernick's original strain has been lost so the strain isolated by Albert Kluyver and van den Bout are now the neotype.[1] Despite the fact that mannitol was used by Beijerinck in his enrichment medium for A. agilis, the bacteria in pure culture cannot use it as a carbon source unless it is first degraded by other microbes.[1]

The species can tolerate salt concentrations up to 1.0% and is resistant to iodoacetate (1 μM) which suggests it may have ability to live in contaminated waters where there are relatively high concentrations of organic matter and mineral salts.[1] This bacteria has also been implicated in the bioremediation of cadmium-polluted water.[2]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Martin Dworkin; Stanley Falkow (12 October 2006). The prokaryotes: a handbook on the biology of bacteria. Springer. pp. 769–771. ISBN 978-0-387-25496-8. Retrieved 6 March 2012. 
  2. ^ You KM, Park YK. Cd2 removal by Azomonas agilis PY101, a cadmium accumulating strain in continuous aerobic culture. Biotechnol Lett. 2004 Nov 2;20(12):1157-59.