Azophi (crater)

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Lunar Orbiter 4 image of Azophi crater
Coordinates22°06′S 12°42′E / 22.1°S 12.7°E / -22.1; 12.7Coordinates: 22°06′S 12°42′E / 22.1°S 12.7°E / -22.1; 12.7
Diameter47 km
Depth3.7 km
Colongitude348° at sunrise
EponymAl Sufi (Azophi)
Lunar Orbiter 4 image of Azophi crater (lower right) and Abenezra crater (upper left)
Oblique photo of Abenezra (right) and Azophi (left) from Apollo 14

Azophi is a lunar impact crater that lies in the rugged south-central highlands of the Moon. The crater is named after the 10th-century Persian astronomer Abd Al-Rahman Al Sufi, also known by his western name, Azophi.[1] The northwest rim is attached to the slightly smaller crater Abenezra, to the east-southeast is the large and irregular Sacrobosco, and to the west-southwest is the slightly crater Playfair.

The wide outer rim of Azophi has a somewhat polygonal shape with rounded corners. The edge is relatively sharp and cleft-like. The rim is not significantly worn or impacted by smaller craters, with the exception of Azophi C, which lies on the inner northeast wall. The interior floor lacks a central peak and is only marked by a few tiny craterlets.

Satellite craters[edit]

By convention these features are identified on lunar maps by placing the letter on the side of the crater midpoint that is closest to Azophi.

Azophi Latitude Longitude Diameter
A 24.4° S 11.2° E 29 km
B 23.6° S 10.6° E 19 km
C 21.8° S 13.1° E 5 km
D 24.3° S 13.4° E 9 km
E 23.5° S 13.8° E 5 km
F 22.2° S 13.9° E 6 km
G 23.9° S 12.3° E 53 km
H 25.5° S 11.8° E 21 km
J 21.2° S 13.1° E 8 km

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Azophi (crater)". Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. USGS Astrogeology Research Program.
  • Andersson, L. E.; Whitaker, E. A. (1982). NASA Catalogue of Lunar Nomenclature. NASA RP-1097.
  • Bussey, B.; Spudis, P. (2004). The Clementine Atlas of the Moon. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-81528-4.
  • Cocks, Elijah E.; Cocks, Josiah C. (1995). Who's Who on the Moon: A Biographical Dictionary of Lunar Nomenclature. Tudor Publishers. ISBN 978-0-936389-27-1.
  • McDowell, Jonathan (July 15, 2007). "Lunar Nomenclature". Jonathan's Space Report. Retrieved 2007-10-24.
  • Menzel, D. H.; Minnaert, M.; Levin, B.; Dollfus, A.; Bell, B. (1971). "Report on Lunar Nomenclature by the Working Group of Commission 17 of the IAU". Space Science Reviews. 12 (2): 136–186. Bibcode:1971SSRv...12..136M. doi:10.1007/BF00171763.
  • Moore, Patrick (2001). On the Moon. Sterling Publishing Co. ISBN 978-0-304-35469-6.
  • Price, Fred W. (1988). The Moon Observer's Handbook. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-33500-3.
  • Rükl, Antonín (1990). Atlas of the Moon. Kalmbach Books. ISBN 978-0-913135-17-4.
  • Webb, Rev. T. W. (1962). Celestial Objects for Common Telescopes (6th revised ed.). Dover. ISBN 978-0-486-20917-3.
  • Whitaker, Ewen A. (1999). Mapping and Naming the Moon. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-62248-6.
  • Wlasuk, Peter T. (2000). Observing the Moon. Springer. ISBN 978-1-85233-193-1.

External links[edit]