Azoulay, sometimes spelled Azoulai, Azulay, Azulai, Azoolai (Hebrew: אזולאי), etc. is a Sephardic Jewish surname, common among Jews of French, North African, Israeli, and Canadian background, descended from Spanish exiles and more rarely, non-Jewish Arabs.
The source of the name is debated. Some have linked it to the Spanish phrase 'ojos azules' (blue eyes). Some linguists argue that it is an acronym of a passage from the bible "They shall not take a wife that is a whore, or profane" (Leviticus 21:7), indicating that the Azoulay name-bearers are members of the Kohen sub-tribe. Others claimed that the name is of Berber origin, and is derived from the Berber word "izil" (meaning "Good"). Finally, it's been claimed that "Azoulay" is of Arab origin. 
Azoulay family of Fes
Azoulay, when spelled Azulai, is the name of a notable Jewish family descended from Spanish exiles who, after the expulsion of the Jews from Spain in 1492 and following decades, settled in the city of Fez, Morocco. The family includes:
- Abraham Azulai (c. 1570 – 1643) – Kabbalistic author and commentator.
- Chaim Yosef David Azulai (1724–1807) – a rabbinical scholar and a noted bibliophile, who pioneered the history of Jewish religious writings.
- Raphael Isaiah Azulai (died 1830) – rabbi and writer.
Note that all of these individuals spell it differently than did those from the above rabbinical family.
- André Azoulay – Senior adviser to King Mohammed VI of Morocco
- Audrey Azoulay – French Minister of Culture
- Shay K. Azoulay – Israeli writer
- Jean-Luc Azoulay – French filmmaker, see AB Disques
- Ariella Azoulay – Israeli scholar and documentarian, see Herzliya Biennial
- Jom Tob Azulay – Brazilian film producer and director.
- Simon Azoulay Pedersen – Danish football player.
- Bar Azoolai – Israeli philosopher and musician.
- Azoulay v. The Queen, landmark 1952 Canadian Supreme Court case, wherein Dr. Leon Azoulay was accused of murder after the death of a patient receiving an abortion
- The Policeman, Hashoter Azoulay was the original title of the Israeli film The Policeman
|surname Azoulay. If an internal link intending to refer to a specific person led you to this page, you may wish to change that link by adding the person's given name(s) to the link.This page lists people with the|
- minus the Aleph before the Yud, which is the actual acronym from the biblical phrase, and is how the Hida, Chaim Joseph David Azulai, spelled it
- Kohen is a sub-tribe of the Levite tribe.