Azusa (train)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Azusa
E353 Super Azusa Higashi-Koganei 20171226.jpg
E353 series EMU on a Super Azusa service in January 2017
Overview
Service typeLimited express
StatusOperational
LocaleChiba Prefecture / Tokyo / Kanagawa Prefecture, Yamanashi Prefecture / Nagano Prefecture, Japan
First service1 October 1957 (Semi express)
12 December 1966 (Limited express)
Last service15 March 2019 (Super Azusa)
Current operator(s)JR East
Former operator(s)JNR
Route
Line(s) usedChuo Main Line, Shinonoi Line, Sōbu Main Line and Ōito Line
On-board services
Class(es)Green + Ordinary
Catering facilitiesTrolley service
Technical
Rolling stockE353 series EMUs
Track gauge1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Electrification1,500 V DC
Operating speed130 km/h (80 mph)[1]

The Azusa (あずさ) is a limited express service operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East), which mainly run between Shinjuku and Matsumoto via the Chūō Main Line and Shinonoi Line. The name Azusa is taken from the Azusa River in Matsumoto, Nagano.

The Super Azusa (スーパーあずさ) was a former name given to services operated with superior tilt-body rolling stock, namely the E351 series, and the E353 series (prior to 16 March 2019).

Service pattern and stops[edit]

As of 16 March 2019, 18 round trips are operated every day. All trains run on the Chūō Main Line and Shinonoi Line, with few of them also running on the Sōbu Main Line and Ōito Line.

Section Train number
Eastbound (Up) Westbound (Down)
Azusa
Shinjuku - Matsumoto 4, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 28, 32, 34, 36 1, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19, 21, 23, 27, 29, 31, 33, 35
Tokyo - Shinjuku - Matsumoto 2, 6, 8 25
Shinjuku - Matsumoto - Minami-Otari 26 /
Chiba - Shinjuku - Matsumoto 30 /
Chiba - Shinjuku - Matsumoto - Minami-Otari / 3

Stops[edit]

  • No brackets denote stations that most or all Azusa services stop.
  • Round brackets () denote stations that some Azusa services stop.
  • Square brackets【】denote stations / sections that very few Azusa services stop.
  • This list is a generalised list, so please check the official timetables for stops of a particular Azusa service.

Chiba - Funabashi - Kinshichō / Tokyo】 - Shinjuku - Tachikawa - Hachiōji - Ōtsuki - Kōfu - (Nirasaki) - Kobuchizawa -【Fujimi】 - Chino - Kami-Suwa - 【Shimo-Suwa】 - Okaya - Shiojiri - Matsumoto - 【Toyoshina - Hotaka - Shinano-Ōmachi - Hakuba - Minami-Otari

Ticketing[edit]

A limited express ticket has to be purchased to board an Azusa train, along with the basic fare ticket. There are two types of such limited express tickets, namely the Reserved Seat Ticket (座席指定券, Zaseki shitei ken), and the Unreserved Seat Ticket (座席未指定券, Zaseki mishitei ken).

The Reserved Seat Ticket enables a specified seat to be reserved for the holder. The reserved status for the seat is signified by a green overhead lamp on top of the corresponding seat.

The Unreserved Seat Ticket enables the holder to be seated on any unreserved seat. A red overhead lamp signifies that the seat is unreserved; while a yellow overhead lamp signifies that the seat is reserved for the later part of the journey, implying that one has to give up their seat to the passenger who has reserved the seat, when they board the train later.

Extra services[edit]

Kiso Azusa[edit]

The Kiso Azusa (木曾あずさ) is an extra limited express service that began operation since 2017, as a part of the Shinshū Destination Campaign (信州デスティネーションキャンペーン) to boost tourism to the Shinshū Region (the present-day Nagano Prefecture). The extra train operates on the Chūō Main Line between Shinjuku to Nagiso, via Tatsuno. With consideration that tourists would be staying the night around the area, the inbound train to Shinjuku is operated the day after the outbound train to Nagiso has arrived.

In 2018, the train operated 2 round trips during the campaign duration.

Stops[edit]

Shinjuku - Tachikawa - Hachiōji - Kōfu - Chino - Kami-Suwa - Okaya - Tatsuno - Shiojiri - Narai - Kiso-Fukushima - Nagiso

Rolling stock[edit]

  • 189 series 6-car EMUs (Ordinary class, reserved seats only)

Rolling stock[edit]

  • 189 series EMUs (since 1975, now used for seasonal additional services only)
  • E353 series EMUs (since 23 December 2017)[2]

From 23 December 2017, new E353 series EMUs are scheduled to be introduced on Super Azusa services.[2] By March 2018, all Super Azusa services are operated by E353 series trains[3], and the E257 series trainsets used on Azusa services are also scheduled to be subsequently replaced by E353 series trains, by 16 March 2019[4].

Rolling stock previously used[edit]

Formations[edit]

Current formation[edit]

Azusa (E353 series)[edit]

All Azusa services (E353 series) are formed of nine cars as shown below, numbered 4 to 12, with car 4 at the Shinjuku end.

Car No. 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Numbering KuHa E353-0 MoHa E353-500 MoHa E352-500 MoHa E353-2000 SaHa E353-0 SaRoHa E353-0 MoHa E353-0 MoHa E352-0 KuHa E352-0
Accommodation Non-reserved Non-reserved Non-reserved Non-reserved Reserved Reserved Green Reserved Reserved Reserved
Facilities Toilet Toilet Toilet Toilet Toilet

Past formations[edit]

Azusa (E257 series)[edit]

Azusa services (E257 series) are formed of 2+9-car or 9-car sets as shown below, with car 1 at the southern (Chiba/Tokyo/Shinjuku) end. All cars are no-smoking.[5]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
Numbering KuHa E257 KuMoHa E257 KuHa E257 MoHa E257 MoHa E256 MoHa E257 SaHa E257 SaRoHa E257 MoHa E257 MoHa E256 KuHa E256
Accommodation Reserved Reserved Non-reserved Non-reserved Non-reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved Green Reserved Reserved Reserved

Super Azusa[edit]

Super Azusa services are formed of 3+9-car E353 series trainsets as shown below, with car 1 at the southern (Tokyo/Shinjuku) end. All cars are no-smoking. There are days when car 3 operates as a reserved seating car.[5]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Numbering KuMoHa E353-0 MoHa E353-1000 KuMoHa E352-0 KuHa E353-0 MoHa E353-500 MoHa E352-500 MoHa E353-2000 SaHa E353-0 SaRoHa E353-0 MoHa E353-0 MoHa E352-0 KuHa E352-0
Accommodation Reserved Reserved Non-reserved Non-reserved Non-reserved Non-reserved Non-reserved Reserved Reserved Green Reserved Reserved Reserved
Facilities Toilet Toilet Toilet Toilet Toilet Toilet Toilet

History[edit]

A 183 series EMU in original "Grade-up Azusa" livery

The Azusa service began on 1 October 1957 as a semi express operating between Shinjuku and Matsumoto. This operated until 24 April 1960 when it was absorbed into Hakuba semi express services.[6]

The Azusa name was revived from 12 December 1966 for use on limited express services operating between Shinjuku and Matsumoto.[6]

The premier Super Azusa service commenced on 3 December 1994 with the delivery of the first new E351 series tilting EMUs.[6]

New E257 series EMUs were introduced on Azusa services from the start of the revised timetable on 1 December 2001.[1]

Smoking was prohibited in all cars from 18 March 2007.

From 16 March 2019 onwards, with the replacement of E257 series trains to E353 series trains on all Azusa services, the name Super Azusa were discontinued and were integrated with Azusa services.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b JR新幹線&特急列車ファイル [JR Shinkansen & Limited Express Train File]. Japan: Kotsu Shimbun. 2008. ISBN 978-4-330-00608-6.
  2. ^ a b Ueshin, Daisuke (26 October 2017). JR東日本E353系、新型車両の特急「スーパーあずさ」12/23デビュー [New JR East E353 series to debut on "Super Azusa" limited express from 23 December]. Mynavi News (in Japanese). Japan: Mynavi Corporation. Archived from the original on 20 November 2017. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
  3. ^ 来年3月に現行車両「E351系」引退 スーパーあずさ、新型に [E351 series to be retired by next spring with new trains for "Super Azusa" services]. Sankei Photo (in Japanese). Japan: The Sankei Shimbun & Sankei Digital. 29 October 2017. Archived from the original on 22 November 2017. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
  4. ^ 2019年3月ダイヤ改正について(多摩版) [Regarding the timetable revision in March 2019 (Tama Edition)] (PDF). East Japan Railway Company, Hachioji Branch. 14 December 2018. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  5. ^ a b JR Timetable. Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. February 2015. p. 957.
  6. ^ a b c 列車名鑑1995 [Train Name Directory 1995]. Japan: Railway Journal. August 1995.
  7. ^ 2019年3月ダイヤ改正について(多摩版) [Regarding the timetable revision of March 2019 (Tama Edition)] (PDF). East Japan Railway Company, Hachioji Branch. 14 December 2018. Retrieved 14 December 2018.

External links[edit]