Azusa (train)

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Azusa
Super Azusa
E353 Super Azusa Higashi-Koganei 20171226.jpg
E353 series EMU on a Super Azusa service in January 2017
Overview
Service typeLimited express
StatusOperational
LocaleJapan
First service1 October 1957 (Semi express)
12 December 1966 (Limited express)
Current operator(s)JR East
Former operator(s)JNR
Route
Line(s) usedChuo Main Line, Shinonoi Line
On-board services
Class(es)Green + Ordinary
Catering facilitiesTrolley service
Technical
Rolling stockE353 series (Super Azusa)
E257 series EMUs
Track gauge1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Electrification1,500 V DC
Operating speed130 km/h (80 mph)[1]

The Azusa (あずさ) and Super Azusa (スーパーあずさ) are limited express services operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East), which run between Shinjuku and Matsumoto via the Chūō Main Line and Shinonoi Line. The name Azusa is taken from the Azusa River in Matsumoto, Nagano.

Route[edit]

Azusa[edit]

Shinjuku - Matsumoto - Minami-Otari
(One train a day starts/terminates at Chiba)

Super Azusa[edit]

Shinjuku - Matsumoto

Rolling stock[edit]

From 23 December 2017, new E353 series EMUs are scheduled to be introduced on Super Azusa services.[2] By March 2018, all Super Azusa services will be operated by E353 series trains, and the E257 series trainsets used on Azusa services are also scheduled to be subsequently replaced by E353 series trains.[3]

Rolling stock previously used[edit]

Formations[edit]

Azusa[edit]

Azusa services are formed of 2+9-car or 9-car E257 series trainsets as shown below, with car 1 at the southern (Chiba/Tokyo/Shinjuku) end. All cars are no-smoking.[4]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
Numbering KuHa E257 KuMoHa E257 KuHa E257 MoHa E257 MoHa E256 MoHa E257 SaHa E257 SaRoHa E257 MoHa E257 MoHa E256 KuHa E256
Accommodation Reserved Reserved Non-reserved Non-reserved Non-reserved Reserved Reserved Reserved Green Reserved Reserved Reserved

Super Azusa[edit]

Super Azusa services are formed of 4+8-car E351 series trainsets as shown below, with car 1 at the southern (Tokyo/Shinjuku) end. All cars are no-smoking.[4]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Numbering KuHa E351 MoHa E351 MoHa E350 KuHa E351 KuHa E351 MoHa E351 MoHa E350 SaHa E351 SaRo E351 MoHa E351 MoHa E350 KuHa E351
Accommodation Reserved Reserved Non-reserved Non-reserved Non-reserved Non-reserved Reserved Reserved Green Reserved Reserved Reserved

History[edit]

A 183 series EMU in original "Grade-up Azusa" livery

The Azusa service began on 1 October 1957 as a semi express operating between Shinjuku and Matsumoto. This operated until 24 April 1960 when it was absorbed into Hakuba semi express services.[5]

The Azusa name was revived from 12 December 1966 for use on limited express services operating between Shinjuku and Matsumoto.[5]

The premier Super Azusa service commenced on 3 December 1994 with the delivery of the first new E351 series tilting EMUs.[5]

New E257 series EMUs were introduced on Azusa services from the start of the revised timetable on 1 December 2001.[1]

Smoking was prohibited in all cars from 18 March 2007.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b JR新幹線&特急列車ファイル [JR Shinkansen & Limited Express Train File]. Japan: Kotsu Shimbun. 2008. ISBN 978-4-330-00608-6.
  2. ^ a b Ueshin, Daisuke (26 October 2017). JR東日本E353系、新型車両の特急「スーパーあずさ」12/23デビュー [New JR East E353 series to debut on "Super Azusa" limited express from 23 December]. Mynavi News (in Japanese). Japan: Mynavi Corporation. Archived from the original on 20 November 2017. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
  3. ^ 来年3月に現行車両「E351系」引退 スーパーあずさ、新型に [E351 series to be retired by next spring with new trains for "Super Azusa" services]. Sankei Photo (in Japanese). Japan: The Sankei Shimbun & Sankei Digital. 29 October 2017. Archived from the original on 22 November 2017. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
  4. ^ a b JR Timetable. Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. February 2015. p. 957.
  5. ^ a b c 列車名鑑1995 [Train Name Directory 1995]. Japan: Railway Journal. August 1995.

External links[edit]