B'nai Yosef Synagogue
|B'nai Yosef Synagogue|
|Leadership||Rabbi: Haim Benoliel|
|Location||1616 Ocean Parkway,|
Brooklyn, New York,
|Direction of façade||East|
The B'nai Yosef Synagogue (or Congregation Bnai Yosef), formerly Magen David Congregation of Ocean Parkway, is an Orthodox Sephardi synagogue at the 1616 Ocean Parkway and Avenue P in Brooklyn, New York. It is considered "America's busiest synagogue for Middle and Near Eastern Jews", with over 30 prayer services daily.
Built in the early 1970s, it became known as The Painted Shul, because its 13,000-square-foot (1,200 m2) interior is covered in brightly painted murals, making it the only completely muraled synagogue in the world. The synagogue is also unusual in that it was built and is funded by an anonymous individual; thus members are not required to pay any dues.
The B'nai Yosef congregation is made up of Sephardi Jews, mostly from Syria, North Africa and Iran, and the nusach (style of prayer service) is Orthodox Sephardi. The congregation is strict in its observance, with most males having had a yeshiva education.
The synagogue building is located at the 1616 Ocean Parkway and Avenue P in Brooklyn, New York. Built in the early 1970s by an anonymous individual, the three-story, brick-facaded building is unremarkable from the outside. The synagogue walls have tall, smoked glass windows that allow light into the sanctuary. In the sanctuary, an elaborate chandelier hangs over the bimah.
The synagogue is known as "The Painted Shul", because its 13,000-square-foot (1,200 m2) interior is covered in brightly painted murals, making it the only completely muraled synagogue in the world. Every inch of wall space, including the prayer hall, is covered with murals painted by Archie Rand, professor of art at Brooklyn College, fellow of the Guggenheim Foundation, and a Laureate of the National Foundation for Jewish Culture. Rand's involvement in painting the synagogue began when, unable to pay the tuition fees at his daughter's school, he painted three murals for the school in exchange for a year's tuition. The school loved the murals and Rand was approached to paint the interior of the new B'nai Yosef synagogue.
Rand had only a basic Hebrew school education, and had to engage in intensive study one-on-one with yeshiva students, including at the Lakewood yeshiva in Lakewood, New Jersey, in order to learn about the symbolism that would be most meaningful to the congregation.
The work was controversial at first, with a group of community rabbis accusing Rand of idolatry. Rabbi Lopian, a local supporter of the murals, took the dispute to Rabbi Moshe Feinstein, who was regarded at the time as the de facto supreme rabbinic authority in North America for Orthodox Jewry. Feinstein declared that "the work is kosher and the spirit under which the work was done is commendable," and so Rand was able to complete his project. The murals have since become much loved within the community, and the former Sephardic chief rabbi of Israel, Rav Ovadia Yosef, has been a frequent visitor.
The murals include an illustration of the bronze menorah by Benno Elkan that stands outside the Knesset in Jerusalem, and representations of the first days of creation, with the first ten things created before the first Sabbath represented by images that include a donkey's head, Noah's rainbow, and Miriam's well. At the back of the prayer hall, there is a blue-circle mandala containing the meditation: "My Lord, open my lips, that my mouth may declare Your Praise."
The murals, started in 1974, took three years to complete.
A documentary entitled "The Painted Shul", was made about the murals and Archie Rand's experience by filmmaker Amala Lane and produced by Marji Greenhut in 2003, with minor changes made more recently in 2006. Featuring extensive footage of the stunning and widely varied painting styles, viewers get a glimpse of one of the world's few 'painted shuls'. The tradition of religious painting in synagogues is centuries old, but such murals can only be found in ruins or modest replicas. B'nai Yosef is an actively used synagogue and the murals which were painted in the early 1970s look vibrant and new today.
- Haim Benoliel, Rabbi
- Eddie Sitt, President
- Gabriel A. Shrem (1916–1986), Cantor, Administrator
- Moshe Yedid, Cantor
- Albert Cohen, Cantor
- Raphael Cohen, Baal Koreh
- Jack Cohen, Director of Special Programs
- Florence Shrem Zeitouni, Office Administrator
- McBee (April 16, 2002).
- World Directory of Sephardic Congregations United States of America Archived 2009-03-03 at the Wayback Machine, American Sephardi Foundation. Accessed February 28, 2010.
- "The Sephardic Arbit Experiment" Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine May 2012.
- Steinfels (2008).
- McBee (April 22, 2002).
- McBee (April 16, 2002).
- Schwabsky (1998).
- "Congregation Bnai Yosef". Aram Soba Newsletter. Congregation Bnai Yosef. p. 4. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
- "World Directory of Sephardic Congregations United States of America", American Sephardi Foundation. Accessed March 29, 2008.
- McBee, Richard. "The Painted Shul: Archie Rand and the B'nai Yosef Murals Part 1", The Jewish Press, April 8, 2002.
- McBee, Richard. "The Painted Shul: Archie Rand and the B'nai Yosef Murals Part 2", The Jewish Press, April 16, 2002.
- McBee, Richard. "The Painted Shul: Archie Rand and the B'nai Yosef Murals Part 3", The Jewish Press, April 22, 2002.
- Schwabsky, Barry. "Art Review; A Suite in Red, With Texture and Sheen", The New York Times, January 25, 1998.
- Steinfels, Peter. "An Artist Brings Religion Into His Work, in Big, Bold Style", The New York Times, June 7, 2008.
- Official website
- Tara Bahrampour, "Neighborhood Report: Gravesend; 7-11 Fought as the Thin Edge Of an Undesirable Wedge", The New York Times, June 4, 2000
- Five Columbia Professors Receive Presidential Awards for Excellence in Teaching
- "Religion and Art: Allies or Adversaries?", Fordham Online, February 16, 2007.