Bánovce nad Bebravou
|Bánovce nad Bebravou|
A church in Bánovce nad Bebravou
|District||Bánovce nad Bebravou|
|Elevation||216 m (709 ft)|
|Area||26.459 km2 (10.216 sq mi)|
|Density||780/km2 (2,020/sq mi)|
|- summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Postal code||957 01|
|Wikimedia Commons: Bánovce nad Bebravou|
The name is derived from the personal name or title Bán meaning "the village of Bán's people". "Nad Bebravou" means "above Bebrava" (beaver river). The eldest inscription mentioning the town as villa Ben dates back to 1232. Other recorded names are Villa Ban (1318), Banowitz (1389), opidum Banowcz (1439), Ban (1467), Banowcze (1471).
It is located at the northernmost edge of the Danubian Hills, at the foothills of the Strážovské vrchy mountains at the confluence of the Radiša and Bebrava rivers. It is 25 km away from Prievidza, 30 km from Trenčín and 50 km from Nitra.
The oldest settlement stems from the Bronze Age. The town was promoted in 1376 into free royal town (until 1389, then landlord township). In the Middle Ages, Bánovce became an important trade centre - for shoemakers, carpenters, smiths, butchers, weavers and others. In 1633, the Ottomans encroaching from the south plundered the town. The first elementary school was opened in the 17th century. During the first Czechoslovak republic, it was an agricultural-crafting town. During World War II, the town was taken by Romanian troops of the 1st Army on 5 April 1945. After World War II, automobile, furniture and textile industries developed.
Places of interest
- Saint Nicholas Church - an originally Gothic church from the 15th century
- Holy Trinity Church
- Synagogue - now used as a Lutheran church
- Country castle in the Horné Ozorovce borough
In total, there are 15 cultural memorials in the town and its boroughs inscribed in the central inventory of culture memorials in Bratislava.
The Bánovská parenica(the most famous cycling race in region)is regularly organized every year on 6 September and it goes through this village. The competition is available for a high range of cyclists. It starts in the town Bánovce nad Bebravou and is organized by the regional club of tourists Klub slovenskych turistov (http://www.kstbce.caro.sk/) and JPL.
According to the 2001 census, the town had 20,901 inhabitants. 97% of inhabitants were Slovaks, 1.4% Roma and 0.7% Czechs. The religious makeup was 73.9% Roman Catholics, 11.5% people with no religious affiliation, and 11.3% Lutherans.
The city consists of the following boroughs:
- Bánovce nad Bebravou
- Dolné Ozorovce
- Horné Ozorovce
- Malé Chlievany
- Martin Štefánik - Ján Lukačka et al. 2010, Lexikón stredovekých miest na Slovensku, Historický ústav SAV, Bratislava, 2010, ISBN 978-80-89396-11-5. http://forumhistoriae.sk/-/lexikon-stredovekych-miest-na-slovensku
- "Municipal Statistics". Statistical Office of the Slovak republic. Archived from the original on 2007-11-16. Retrieved 2007-12-09.
The records for genealogical research are available at the state archive "Statny Archiv in Nitra, Slovakia"
- Roman Catholic church records (births/marriages/deaths): 1700-1895 (parish A)