Bécsi kapu

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Coordinates: 47°30′18″N 19°1′50″E / 47.50500°N 19.03056°E / 47.50500; 19.03056

Gate Vienna
Bécsi kapu
Budavar-Becsikapu.jpg
Bécsi kapu from the Lutheran Church of Budavár
Bécsi kapu is located in Hungary
Bécsi kapu
Location in Hungary
General information
TypeGateway
Town or cityBudapest
CountryHungary
Coordinates47°30′18″N 19°1′50″E / 47.50500°N 19.03056°E / 47.50500; 19.03056
The old Bécsi kapu in 1896

Bécsi kapu (IPA ['be:tʃɪ 'kɔpʊ]; in English Gate Vienna; Turkish: Beç Kapısı; German: Wiener Tor) is located at the Bécsi kapu square, Buda Castle, in 1st District, Budapest, Hungary. As the name suggests, it was the port connecting the Castle with the highway to Vienna.

History[edit]

During the Middle Ages it was called Szombat-kapu (Saturday Gate), because markets were held in front of it every Saturday. It has been called Becs kapuszu by the Ottomans. Later it became Zsidó-kapu (Jewish Gate). One of its two side-gates were removed in the early 19th century, and in 1896, the whole gate was demolished. The current gate was restored in 1936, commemorating the 250th anniversary of Recapturing of Buda.

Description[edit]

The rebuilt gate, designed by Jenő Kismarty-Lechner, has a more symbolical, rather than functional value. Inscriptions, ornaments and relifs, including a running angel was sculpted by Béla Ohmann. Two parts of Bástya sétány are connected on the top of the gate. There are automatic barriers at the gate to mitigate transport in the Castle.

Further reading[edit]

Sources[edit]

Berza, László: Budapest Lexikon I A-K. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1993. ISBN 9789630564090