Bíňa

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Bíňa
Bény
Village
Bíňa, Kostol Panny Márie, Slovensko.jpg
Country Slovakia
Region Nitra
District Nové Zámky
Elevation 132 m (433 ft)
Coordinates 47°55′N 18°39′E / 47.917°N 18.650°E / 47.917; 18.650Coordinates: 47°55′N 18°39′E / 47.917°N 18.650°E / 47.917; 18.650
Area 23.501 km2 (9.074 sq mi)
Population 1,466 (2004-12-31)
Density 62/km2 (161/sq mi)
First mentioned 1135
Postal code 943 56
Area code +421-36
Car plate NZ
Location of Bíňa in Slovakia
Location of Bíňa in Slovakia
Location of Bíňa in the Nitra Region
Location of Bíňa in the Nitra Region
Statistics: MOŠ/MIS


Bíňa (Hungarian: Bény) is a municipality and village in the Nové Zámky District in the Nitra Region of south-west Slovakia.

Geography[edit]

The village lies at an elevation of 132 metres (433 ft) and covers an area of 23.501 km² (9.074 mi²).

History[edit]

In historical records the village was first mentioned in 1135 written as Byn. Earlier the Romans built a fortress here and in 173 emperor Marcus Aurelius wrote his famous diary in this region during the wars against quadi in the Marcomannic Wars. Later, after the foundation of the Árpád age Hungary, king Stephen I of Hungary gave the region to Bény, son of Hont, the count of the county Hont. During the time of early Christianity every 10 villages was ordered to build a church. Several rotunda have been built in this time, among others the rotunda of Bény, too. In 1217 the Premontre Abbey monastery was founded in Bíňa in the romanesque style. An earlier built rotunda stands before the two tower abbey church. The patrocinium of the rotunda is The 12 Apostles. Such patrocinium of a rotunda was at village Apostag at the Danube. After the Austro-Hungarian army disintegrated in November 1918, Czechoslovak troops occupied the area, later acknowledged internationally by the Treaty of Trianon. Between 1938 and 1945 Bíňa once more became part of Miklós Horthy's Hungary through the First Vienna Award. From 1945 until the Velvet Divorce, it was part of Czechoslovakia. Since then it has been part of Slovakia.

Population[edit]

It has a population of about 1457 people. It is about 90% Hungarian, 9% Slovak and 1% Gypsy.

Facilities[edit]

The village has a public library and football pitch.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Gervers-Molnár Vera: A középkori Magyarország rotundái. (Romanesque Round Churches of Medieval Hungary) (Művészettörténeti Füzetek, 4.) Akadémiai Kiadó. Budapest, 1972.

Genealogical resources[edit]

The records for genealogical research are available at the state archive "Statny Archiv in Nitra, Slovakia"

  • Roman Catholic church records (births/marriages/deaths): 1724-1895 (parish B)
  • Reformated church records (births/marriages/deaths): 1784-1953 (parish B)

External links[edit]