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The term búnker refers to a far-right faction during the Spanish transition to democracy. The group of hardline francoists opposed political and social reform; the group's steadfast refusal to compromise led to the name of "bunker." Under the presidency of Carlos Arias Navarro, búnker and its leading member, José Antonio Girón, opposed any movement towards reform. Blas Piñar was another member of the group.

The name of búnker's mouthpiece, El Alcázar, refers to the Siege of the Alcázar, where nationalist forces held the Alcázar of Toledo against an overwhelmingly larger Spanish Republican army during the Spanish Civil War.

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