Bücker Bü 133
|Bü 133 Jungmeister|
|Bü 133C Jungmeister at Flying Legends (2011)|
|Role||Single-seat advanced trainer|
|Developed from||Bü 131 Jungmann|
The Bücker Bü 133 Jungmeister (Young master) was an advanced trainer of the Luftwaffe in the 1930s. It was a single-engine, single-seat biplane of wood and tubular steel construction and covered in fabric.
The Bü 133 was a development of the Bücker Bü 131 Jungmann two-seat basic trainer. First flown in 1935 (by Luise Hoffmann, the first female works pilot in Germany), it was slightly smaller than the Bü 131. The prototype, D-EVEO, was powered by a 140 hp (104 kW) Hirth HM506 inverted, air-cooled inline-6 engine.
The aircraft showed "astonishing agility" at its first public appearance, the 1936 International Aerobatic Championship at Rangsdorf, but the Bü 133A garnered no orders; only two Bü 133Bs, with 160 hp (119 kW) version of that same Hirth HM506 inline-6 engine, were built.
The main production type was the 160 hp (119 kW) Siemens-Bramo Sh 14A radial powered Bü 133C, which had a distinctive cowling and a 13 cm (5.1 in)-shorter fuselage, and the same fine aerobatic performance as the Bü 133A.
Fifty-two were manufactured under licence by Dornier for the Swiss Air Force (which kept it in service until 1968),. A similar number were built for the Spanish air force by CASA, and were designated the CASA 1-133.
The Bü 133C racked up numerous victories in international aerobatic competition, and by 1938 was the Luftwaffe's standard advanced trainer. At the Brussels meet that year, a three-man Luftwaffe team made a strong impression on Reichsmarschall Hermann Göring, who ordered a nine-man team be formed. It dazzled the crowds at the International Flying meet in Brussels the next year.
The Jungmeister design remained competitive in international aerobatic competition into the 1960s.
- Bücker Bü 133A
- Hirth HM 6 inline engine: 135-hp (101-kW)
- Bücker Bü 133B
- applied to licence-built aircraft (only two versions were ever constructed of this variant).
- Bücker Bü 133C
- Siemens Sh 14A-4 engine
- CASA 1.133
- Spanish-built variant.
- Price/American Tiger Club Jungmeister
- Plans for homebuilt construction.
- SFR Yugoslav Air Force - Postwar.
Specifications (Bücker Bü 133C)
Data from The Concise Guide to Axis Aircraft of World War II - David Mondey
- Crew: one, pilot
- Length: 6.0 m (19 ft 8.25 in)
- Wingspan: 6.60 m (21 ft 7.75 in)
- Height: 2.20 m (7 ft 2.5 in)
- Wing area: 12.0 m² (129.17 ft²)
- Empty weight: 425 kg (937 lb)
- Max. takeoff weight: 585 kg (1,290 lb)
- Powerplant: 1 × Siemens-Halske Sh.14A-4 radial piston engine, 119 kW (160 hp)
- Maximum speed: 220 km/h (137 mph)
- Cruise speed: 200km/h (124mph)
- Range: 500 km (311 mi)
- Service ceiling: 4,500 m (14,765 ft)
- Related development
- Related lists
- List of Interwar military aircraft
- List of military aircraft of Germany
- List of aircraft of the Spanish Republican Air Force
- Ketley, Barry, and Rolfe, Mark. Luftwaffe Fledglings 1935-1945: Luftwaffe Training Units and their Aircraft (Aldershot, GB: Hikoki Publications, 1996), p.14.
- Air Trails: 79. Winter 1971. Missing or empty
- SBHAC - Aviones de la Fuerza Aérea de la República Española/Aviones de Escuela y Enlace
- Mondey, David. The Concise Guide to Axis Aircraft of World War II.
- König, Erwin. Bücker Bü 133 "Jungmeister"(Flugzeug Profile 29) (in German). D-86669 Stengelheim, Germany: Unitec Medienvertrieb e.K.,
- König, Erwin. Die Bücker-Flugzeuge (The Bücker Aircraft) (bilingual German/English). Martinsried, Germany: Nara Verlag, 1987. ISBN 3-925671-00-5.
- König, Erwin. Die Bückers, Die Geschichte der ehemaligen Bücker-Flugzeugbau-GmbH und ihrer Flugzeuge (in German). (1979)
- Mondey, David. The Hamlyn Concise Guide to Axis Aircraft of World War II. London: Chancellor Press Ltd. ISBN 1-85152-966-7.
- Smith, J.Richard and Kay, Antony L. German Aircraft of the Second World War. London: Putnam and Company Ltd., 3rd impression 1978, p. 92-93. ISBN 0-370-00024-2.
- Wietstruk, Siegfried. Bücker-Flugzeugbau, Die Geschichte eines Flugzeugwerkes (in German). D-82041 Oberhaching, Germany: Aviatik Verlag, 1999. ISBN 3-925505-28-8.
- Wood, Tony and Gunston, Bill. Hitler's Luftwaffe: A pictorial history and technical encyclopedia of Hitlers air power in World War II. London: Salamander Books Ltd., 1977, p. 140. ISBN 0-86101-005-1.
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