Bünzen, Aargau

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Bünzen
Bünzen-Preghejo 103.jpg
Coat of arms of Bünzen
Coat of arms
Bünzen is located in Switzerland
Bünzen
Bünzen
Bünzen is located in Canton of Aargau
Bünzen
Bünzen
Coordinates: 47°19′N 8°20′E / 47.317°N 8.333°E / 47.317; 8.333Coordinates: 47°19′N 8°20′E / 47.317°N 8.333°E / 47.317; 8.333
Country Switzerland
Canton Aargau
District Muri
Area[1]
 • Total 5.77 km2 (2.23 sq mi)
Elevation 441 m (1,447 ft)
Population (Dec 2016[2])
 • Total 1,037
 • Density 180/km2 (470/sq mi)
Postal code 5624
SFOS number 4229
Surrounded by Besenbüren, Boswil, Hermetschwil-Staffeln, Waltenschwil
Website www.buenzen.ch
SFSO statistics

Bünzen is a municipality in the district of Muri in the canton of Aargau in Switzerland.

History[edit]

The current church of Bünzen dates from 1862

Prehistoric items have been found scattered on the banks of the former moraine, as well as Roman era objects. The modern municipality of Bünzen is first mentioned in 1259 as Bunzina.[3] In 1321 Muri Abbey acquired a Meierhof farm and church rights in Bünzen from Markwart of Rüssegg. After the conquest of the Aargau in 1415, the Swiss Confederation placed the village in the Hermetschwil district. The rights to low justice were held by the administrator of the Meierhof.

In 1328 the village church, under the authority of Muri Abbey, was incorporated. In 1412 the church was given Saint George as a patron saint. Today's neo-Gothic parish church building was built in 1862 at the northern exit of the village. It replaced the earlier church from 1508.[3]

Geography[edit]

Bünzen, seen from Restaurant Jäger-Stübli at Kallern, AG
Waldhäusern village

Bünzen has an area, as of 2009, of 5.77 square kilometers (2.23 sq mi). Of this area, 3.51 km2 (1.36 sq mi) or 60.8% is used for agricultural purposes, while 1.64 km2 (0.63 sq mi) or 28.4% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.58 km2 (0.22 sq mi) or 10.1% is settled (buildings or roads), 0.02 km2 (4.9 acres) or 0.3% is either rivers or lakes and 0.02 km2 (4.9 acres) or 0.3% is unproductive land.[4]

Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 5.0% and transportation infrastructure made up 3.8%. Out of the forested land, all of the forested land area is covered with heavy forests. Of the agricultural land, 52.3% is used for growing crops and 8.3% is pastures. All the water in the municipality is in rivers and streams.[4]

The municipality is located in the Muri district at the foot of the Lindenberg and on moraine that stretches to the shore of the Bünz river. It consists of the village of Bünzen and the, independent until 1940, village of Waldhäusern.

Coat of arms[edit]

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Argent a Beech eradicated Vert and in base a Bar wavy Azure. The waving lines represent the river Bünz.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Bünzen has a population (as of December 2016) of 1,037[2] As of June 2009, 8.0% of the population are foreign nationals.[6] Over the last 10 years (1997–2007) the population has changed at a rate of 4.1%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (93.4%), with Italian being second most common ( 1.5%) and Serbo-Croatian being third ( 1.0%).[7]

The age distribution, as of 2008, in Bünzen is; 105 children or 10.8% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 135 teenagers or 13.9% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 114 people or 11.8% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 129 people or 13.3% are between 30 and 39, 169 people or 17.5% are between 40 and 49, and 151 people or 15.6% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 87 people or 9.0% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 32 people or 3.3% are between 70 and 79, there are 39 people or 4.0% who are between 80 and 89,and there are 7 people or 0.7% who are 90 and older.[8]

As of 2000 the average number of residents per living room was 0.56 which is about equal to the cantonal average of 0.57 per room. In this case, a room is defined as space of a housing unit of at least 4 m2 (43 sq ft) as normal bedrooms, dining rooms, living rooms, kitchens and habitable cellars and attics.[9] About 64.6% of the total households were owner occupied, or in other words did not pay rent (though they may have a mortgage or a rent-to-own agreement).[10]

As of 2000, there were 16 homes with 1 or 2 persons in the household, 124 homes with 3 or 4 persons in the household, and 171 homes with 5 or more persons in the household.[11] As of 2000, there were 318 private households (homes and apartments) in the municipality, and an average of 2.7 persons per household.[7] In 2008 there were 206 single family homes (or 49.2% of the total) out of a total of 419 homes and apartments.[12] There were a total of 4 empty apartments for a 1.0% vacancy rate.[12] As of 2007, the construction rate of new housing units was 14.8 new units per 1000 residents.[7]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 44.3% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the CVP (18.9%), the SP (11.8%) and the Other (10%).[7]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1850 574 —    
1860 662 +15.3%
1900 585 −11.6%
1930 826 +41.2%
1950 759 −8.1%
1980 683 −10.0%
2000 865 +26.6%

Religion[edit]

Bünzen church

From the 2000 census, 569 or 65.8% were Roman Catholic, while 151 or 17.5% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church.[11]

Economy[edit]

As of 2007, Bünzen had an unemployment rate of 1.42%. As of 2005, there were 71 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 25 businesses involved in this sector. 130 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 19 businesses in this sector. 77 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 28 businesses in this sector.[7]

In 2000 there were 462 workers who lived in the municipality. Of these, 326 or about 70.6% of the residents worked outside Bünzen while 157 people commuted into the municipality for work. There were a total of 293 jobs (of at least 6 hours per week) in the municipality.[13] Of the working population, 7.8% used public transportation to get to work, and 51.9% used a private car.[7]

Education[edit]

School at Bünzen

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Bünzen about 74.5% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[7] Of the school age population (in the 2008/2009 school year), there are 89 students attending primary school in the municipality.[11][14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 30 August 2017
  3. ^ a b c Bünzen in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (in German) accessed 25 March 2010
  5. ^ Flags of the World.com accessed 23-May-2010
  6. ^ Statistical Department of Canton Aargau -Bereich 01 -Bevölkerung (in German) accessed 20 January 2010
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived January 5, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. accessed 23-May-2010
  8. ^ Statistical Department of Canton Aargau -Bevölkerungsdaten für den Kanton Aargau und die Gemeinden (Archiv) (in German) accessed 20 January 2010
  9. ^ Eurostat. "Housing (SA1)". Urban Audit Glossary (pdf). 2007. p. 18. Retrieved 12 February 2010. 
  10. ^ Urban Audit Glossary pg 17
  11. ^ a b c Statistical Department of Canton Aargau - Aargauer Zahlen 2009 (in German) accessed 20 January 2010
  12. ^ a b Statistical Department of Canton Aargau (in German) accessed 20 January 2010
  13. ^ Statistical Department of Canton Aargau-Bereich 11 Verkehr und Nachrichtenwesen (in German) accessed 21 January 2010
  14. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office, list of libraries (in German) accessed 14 May 2010