Büsum Lighthouse

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Büsum Lighthouse
Leuchtturm mit Schiffen.JPG
Büsum Lighthouse is located in Schleswig-Holstein
Büsum Lighthouse
Büsum Lighthouse
LocationBüsum, Germany
Coordinates54°07′36″N 8°51′30″E / 54.12675°N 8.85826°E / 54.12675; 8.85826Coordinates: 54°07′36″N 8°51′30″E / 54.12675°N 8.85826°E / 54.12675; 8.85826
Year first lit1913
Automated1976 Edit this on Wikidata
Tower height21.4 metres (70 ft)
Focal height22 metres (72 ft)
Range19 nautical miles (35 km; 22 mi)
CharacteristicIso WR 6s Edit this on Wikidata
Admiralty numberB1606
NGA number114-10580
ARLHS numberFED 271
HeritageKulturdenkmal Edit this on Wikidata

Büsum Lighthouse (German: Leuchtturm Büsum) is an active 20th century lighthouse located in Büsum a fishing and tourist town, which lies on North Sea coast of Schleswig-Holstein, in Germany. The current lighthouse is the second to be built in the town, two other separate breakwater lights mark the entrance of the small harbour from the North Sea.

History[edit]

The first lighthouse built in 1878 was simply a lantern mounted on a wooden post, which was fuelled by kerosene. A replica of this early aid to navigation, exists next to the local museum.[1]

The current lighthouse was constructed in 1912 and 1913,[2] and is made up of prefabricated cast iron sections, and is similar in design, although not as tall, as the lighthouses at Westerheversand, Hörnum and Pellworm.[1] Originally painted black, it did not receive its current red and white daymark colour scheme until 1952. The lantern has twin galleries with a roof of sheet copper.[3][4] The lighthouse at 21.4 metres, is higher than most buildings in the town, and stands 22 metres above mean high tide. It has a nominal range of 19 nautical miles and a light characteristic showing a white, red or green sector, isophase light of three seconds on, then three seconds off.[1]

In 2013, the centenary of the lighthouse was celebrated, when it was depicted on a 58-cent lighthouse stamp series by Deutsche Post the German postal service.[5]

Operated by the Water and Shipping Authority at Tönning, it is registered under the international Admiralty number B1606 and has the NGA identifier of 114-10580.[4][6]

Breakwater lights[edit]

Located on the harbour breakwaters of Büsum are two other lights. On the west mole is a 9-metre high red tower which displays an occulting red light. The east mole has a similar tower, painted green that displays an occulting green light.[1][6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Germany: North Frisia". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 19 June 2016.
  2. ^ Schleswig-Holsteinisches Jahrbuch (in German). 1923. p. 1. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  3. ^ "Büsum Light". Lighthouse Explorer. Lighthouse Digest. Archived from the original on 13 August 2016. Retrieved 19 June 2016.
  4. ^ a b "Büsum". Maritime Signals (in German). WSV. Archived from the original on 18 May 2016. Retrieved 19 June 2016.
  5. ^ "Lighthouse stamp society". Archived from the original on 9 August 2016. Retrieved 24 June 2016.
  6. ^ a b List of Lights, Pub. 114: British Isles, English Channel and North Sea (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2015. p. 154.

External links[edit]