Băile Olănești is a town located in Vâlcea County, Romania. The town administers eight villages: Cheia, Comanca, Gurguiata, Livadia, Mosoroasa, Olănești, Pietrișu and Tisa. It is situated in the historical region of Oltenia.
The first documentary attestation of Olănești dates from 1527. The mineral waters of Olănești are mentioned for the first time in a 1760 charter and are called healing waters. In 1873 Oănești mineral waters are sent to the Vienna Exhibition, obtaining the Golden Medal.