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B'Tselem logo.jpg
Founded 1989
Type Non-profit
Focus "acts primarily to change Israeli policy in the Occupied Territories and ensure that its government, which rules the Occupied Territories, protects the human rights of residents there and complies with its obligations under international law."[1]
Area served
Palestinian territories[1]
Key people
Hagai El-Ad
Mission "to document and educate the Israeli public and policymakers about human rights violations in the Occupied Territories, combat the phenomenon of denial prevalent among the Israeli public, and help create a human rights culture in Israel."[1]

B'Tselem (Hebrew: בצלם‎, IPA: [beˈtselem], "in the image of [God]") is a Jerusalem-based independent non-profit organization whose stated goals are to document human rights violations in the Israeli-occupied territories, combat denial of the existence of such violations, and help to create a human rights culture in Israel.[1] Its executive director is Hagai El-Ad.[2] B'Tselem also maintains a presence in Washington, D.C., known as B'Tselem USA. B'Tselem has come under intense fire for what its critics describe as misrepresenting and distorting facts.


B'Tselem was founded in 1989, during the First Intifada, by Israeli academics and members of civil rights organizations.[3] B'Tselem's funding comes from private individuals (both Israeli and foreign), governments,[4] and European and North American foundations focusing on human rights.[1]

B'Tselem has published over a hundred reports on various issues such as torture, fatal shootings by security forces, restrictions on movement, expropriation of land and discrimination in planning and building in East Jerusalem, administrative detention, house demolitions, violence by Israeli settlers and Palestinians, and Israeli operations in the occupied territories.

In December 1989, B'Tselem shared the Carter-Menil Human Rights Prize with the Palestinian group, Al-Haq.[5][6]

B'Tselem has been harshly criticized. In 2011, Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman charged the group with abetting terrorism and weakening Israel's defense forces.[7]

In 2016, B'Tselem announced that it was cutting ties with the IDF over the alleged whitewashing of complaints raised by the NGO.[8]


B'Tselem was founded on February 3, 1989. The name comes from Genesis 1:27, which states that all mankind was created "b'tselem elohim" (in the image of God), which the organization says is in line with the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights that all humans are equal in dignity and so deserve the same fundamental rights.[9]

Key founders were Daphna Golan-Agnon (academic and founding director of feminist peace group Bat Shalom), David Zucker (Knesset member for the Ratz party, one of the founders of the Peace Now movement), Haim Oron (Knesset member for the Mapam party, one of the founders of the Peace Now movement), Zehava Gal-On (Ratz party activist and future Knesset member for the Meretz party formed through the merger of Ratz and Mapam), Avigdor Feldman (civil liberties lawyer), and Edy Kaufman, a civil liberties activist). The Washington Post describes the line between human rights groups and political parties in Israel as "very blurry", noting that Gal-on has served as director, by turns, of both the Socialist Meretz Party and of B'Tselem.[10]

Main activities

Activity in the Knesset

B'Tselem regularly provides Knesset members with information on alleged human rights violations in the West Bank, and alleged injustices caused by Israeli authorities. Several Knesset members, from various factions, assist B'Tselem in placing human rights matters on the public agenda and in safeguarding human rights.[citation needed]

Public action

B'Tselem has hundreds of supporters and volunteers[citation needed] who work to improve the human rights situation in the West Bank. These activities include, in part, setting up information stands, distributing printed material, addressing problems and requests to decision-makers, and participating in protests in the West Bank.


B'Tselem publishes reports on various issues such as fatal shootings by security forces, restrictions on movement, expropriation of land and discrimination in planning and building in East Jerusalem, administrative detention, house demolitions, and violence by Israeli settlers.[citation needed] Over one hundred reports have been published so far. The organization serves as a source of information for journalists, researchers and the diplomatic community at the national and international level.[citation needed] B'Tselem's activities receive extensive media coverage.[citation needed]

B'Tselem also campaigns against the death penalty and the human rights record of the Palestinian Authority. On February 17, 2005, the organization called on Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas to commute the sentences of Palestinians condemned to death and abolish the death penalty. Abbas had shortly before ratified the death sentences of a number of Palestinians accused of collaborating with Israel or of other criminal charges.[citation needed]


  • 2009 Foul Play. Neglect of Wastewater Treatment in the West Bank found that waste water from two million people in the West Bank and Jerusalem area was being allowed to drain untreated into the Jordan Valley. Whilst emphasising the illegality of the settlements the report calls for improvements in their sewage treatment. It points out that this illegality makes cooperation between the Israeli and Palestinian authorities impossible.[11]


  • 2005 - One Big Prison. Freedom of Movement to and from the Gaza Strip on the Eve of the Disengagement Plan investigates the four and a half year old policy of restricting freedom and movement to and from the Gaza Strip. It points out that Israel has the right to defend its civilians and that attacks on Israeli civilians were defined under international law as "war crimes".
  • 2006 - Act of Vengeance. Israel's Bombing of the Gaza Power Plant and its Effects reported on the June 28, 2006 Israeli missile attack which destroyed the Gaza Strip's only electricity power plant. It recognises that the high level decision to launch the attack was linked to the capture of Corporal Gilad Shalit but concludes that the attack, as an act of collective punishment, was a war crime.
  • 2009 - Guidelines for Israel's Investigation into Operation Cast Lead 27 December 2008 - 18 January 2009 raised questions about soldiers and commanders breaching international humanitarian law; not only through the action of individual soldiers but primarily those of policy makers.[12]

House Demolition

  • 2002 - Policy of Destruction. House Demolitions and Destruction of Agricultural Land in the Gaza strip reports on the demolishing of hundreds of houses and thousands of acres of agricultural land in the Gaza strip on the grounds of "pressing military necessity." It concludes that the policy violates international humanitarian law conventions to which Israel is a signatory and calls for compensation for "every Palestinian who suffered as a consequence of Israel's policy of destruction."[13]
  • 2004 - Through No Fault of Their Own. Punitive House Demolitions during the al-Aqsa Intifada concluded that the Israeli policy of punitive house demolition was illegal and ineffective. The report cites Supreme Court Judges Heshin and Shimon Agranat, as well as the UN Human Rights Committee, to make its case. It demands "that the government of Israel immediately cease the policy of punitive house demolitions, and that it compensate Palestinians whose homes have been demolished as a result of this policy."[14]

Human Rights

  • 2000 - Illusions of Restraint. Human Rights Violations During the Events in the Occupied Territories 29 September - 2 December 2000. During the period investigated B'Tselem found that Israeli security forces had killed 204 Palestinian civilians as well as 24 members of the Palestinian security forces, with approximately 10,000 wounded. Thirteen Israeli civilians and eleven members of the Israeli security forces had been killed by Palestinian civilians and five security personnel killed by their Palestinian counterparts. Whilst also drawing attention to Human Rights violations by the Palestinian Authority the reports main concern is the use of excessive force by Israeli forces in dispersing demonstrations by unarmed Palestinians, in particular the use of live ammunition. It called for an international commission of inquiry.[15]
  • 2001 - Civilians Under Siege. Restrictions of Freedom of Movement as Collective Punishment found that the Israeli security establishment was using Collective Punishment as "a deterrent" to discourage Palestinian attacks and that this was immoral, a gross violation of international law and a "slippery slope" that could lead to "the kinds of punishment that most people would find detestable." It noted that Hebron had been under intermittent curfew for three months.[16]
  • 2001 - No Way Out. Medical Implications of Israel's Siege Policy concluded that Israel's policy of restricting Palestinian freedom of movement in the West Bank amounted to collective punishment. It notes that the International Committee of the Red Cross had reached the same conclusion (February 2001).[17]
  • 2003 - Behind the Barrier. Human Rights Violations as a result of Israel's Separation Barrier found that the proposed route of the barrier "gravely violates human rights without any security justification whatsoever." It commented that Israel appeared to be creating facts on the ground that would affect any future arrangements and was in breach of the Haig Convention which prohibits expropriation of land in occupied territory.[18]
  • 2006 - Barred from Contact. Violation of the Right to Visit Palestinians Held in Israeli Prisons reported that tens of thousands of Palestinians were unable to visit relatives imprisoned in Israel, or only able to visit once or twice a year. It notes that the transfer of prisoners from occupied territory is prohibited by the Fourth Geneva Convention which also requires that, following the September 2005 withdrawal, prisoners who are residents of the Gaza Strip should be handed over to the Palestinian Authority.[19]
  • 2006 - Perpetual Limbo. Israel's Freeze on Unification of Palestinian Families in the Occupied Territories states that the processing of all requests for family unification in the Occupied Territories had been frozen since September 2000 and that as of October 2005 there were 72,000 of these requests pending. It concluded that this policy severely violates Israel's obligations under international law and was intended to change the demographic composition of occupied territory. It notes that this policy is forbidden, illegal and "constitutes racial discrimination."[20]
  • 2009 - Without Trial. Administrative Detention of Palestinians by Israel and the Internment of Unlawful Combatants Law states that Israel holds hundreds of Palestinians in prolonged detention on undisclosed suspicions, without giving them the opportunity to defend themselves and without indicating when they will be released.[21]
  • 2010 - Caution: Children Ahead. The Illegal Behaviour of the Police toward Minors in Silwan Suspected of Stone Throwing called on the Israeli police to end the practice of arresting minors at night, the use of violence during these arrests and ensure that minors are only interrogated in the presence of their parents. It notes that Israeli settlements built in East Jerusalem constitute a violation of international law.[22]

Israeli army

  • 2002 - Wounded in the Field. Impeding Medical Treatment and Firing at Ambulances by IDF Soldiers in the Occupied Territories states that attacks on medical personnel and the refusal to allow medical treatment of sick and wounded had reached "an almost unprecedented level." It quotes Palestinian Red Crescent figures that, since 2000, three PRC medical personnel had been killed by IDF gunfire, 134 wounded and 174 ambulances had been damaged.[23]
  • 2005 - Take No Prisoners. The Fatal Shooting of Palestinians by Israeli Security Forces during 'Arrest Operations' found that the IDF were carrying out an average of five arrest operations a day and that since the beginning of 2004 eighty-nine Palestinians had been killed in these operations; at least forty-three of those killed were unarmed and at least seventeen were not wanted or suspected of committing an offence.[24]
  • 2010 - Void of Responsibility. Israel Military Policy Not to investigate Killings of Palestinians by Soldiers reports that "a soldier who kills a Palestinian not taking part in hostilities is almost never brought to action for his act."[25]


  • 1997 - The Quiet Deportation - Revocation of residency of East Jerusalem Palestinians. "For some eighteen months, a quiet deportation of East Jerusalem Palestinians has been taking place. Using laws, regulations, court judgements, and administrative tactics, Israeli authorities are expelling thousands of persons from the city." The report found that this was a continuation of a policy begun in 1967 to create a Jewish majority in East Jerusalem.[26]
  • 2003 - Nu'man, East Jerusalem. Life under the Threat of Expulsion concluded that residents' basic human rights were being severely infringed and that villagers' freedom of movement had been significantly impaired for a decade. "The policy's goal is to maintain the 'demographic balance' in Jerusalem, meaning that the percentage of Palestinians in the city must not be allowed to exceed a certain ceiling - formerly set at twenty-five percent and now thirty percent."[27]


  • 2001 - Tacit Consent. Israeli Law Enforcement on Settlers in The Occupied Territories found that Palestinians who killed Israelis were punished by the full extent of the law, sometimes with their families also being punished; in contrast violent offences against Palestinians by Israelis were treated with leniency and Israelis who kill Palestinians were not punished or given a light sentence.[28]
  • 2003 - Hebron, Area H-2. Settlements Cause Mass Departure of Palestinians accuses the Israeli army of systematically infringing the human rights of Hebron's Palestinians while ignoring "settlers' almost daily violence against Palestinians and Palestinian property."[29]
  • 2004 - Forbidden Roads. Israel's Discriminatory Road Regime in the West Bank concluded that there was an undeclared policy of preventing or restricting Palestinians using a number of roads in the West Bank. This policy was based entirely on verbal orders given to soldiers in the field. It infringes two fundamental human rights: the right to equality and the right to freedom of movement.[30]
  • 2008 - The Ofra Settlement. An Unauthorized Outpost concluded that Ofra, despite being a recognised settlement, was an unauthorised outpost under the requisite criteria set by Attorney Talia Sasson and adopted by the Israeli government. It found that at least 58 percent of the land on which Ofra was built is registered to Palestinians in the Land Registry.[31]
  • 2008 - Access Denied. Israeli measures to deny Palestinians access to land around settlements recommended that
- The army, police and Civilian Administration should enforce the law on settlers, with respect to un-authorized taking of land and violence against Palestinians.
- Dismantle fences and physical obstructions placed without official approval.
- Protect Palestinians from settler violence.[32]


  • 1991 - The Interrogation of Palestinians During the Intifada: Ill-Treatment, "Moderate Physical Pressure" or Torture? examines the Israeli secret service's interrogation methods, and speculates on which were described in the guidelines set out in the secret sections of the Landau Commission Report. It quotes IDF statistics that during first three years of the Intifada and average of 25,000 Palestinians had been arrested annually, with 15,000 eventually charged in court. B'Tselem estimates that each year around 8,000 prisoners underwent extended periods of interrogation and 1,600 per year were subjected to some of the forms of moderate physical pressure described in the report.[33]
  • 2000 - Legislation Allowing the Use of Physical Force and Mental Coercion in Interrogations by the General Security Service argues that "any statute that permits the GSS to use physical force, however minimal, even in exceptional cases, is equivalent to sanctioning torture."[34]
  • 2001 - Torture of Palestinian Minors in the Gush Etzion Police Station found "a shocking picture of torture and maltreatment of minors by police interrogators."[35]
  • 2010 - Kept in the Dark. Treatment of Palestinian Detainees in the Petah Tikva Interrogation Facility of the Israel Security Agency was based on testimonies from 121 Palestinians held at the Shin Bet interrogation facility at Petah Tikva during 2009. It concluded:"The detention conditions in the Petah Tikva facility, which have the capacity to break the body and will of detainees, cause severe deprivation of sensory, social, and motor stimuli." It called for "unbiased external inspection" of the facility.[36]


B'Tselem has expanded its operations in recent years to increasingly include video-based footage.[37] The expansion of its video project began in August 2007 with the launching of MySpace, Facebook and YouTube sites which are to act as an alternative area for the showcasing of the organisation's films - aimed at expanding the group's presence amongst a younger age category and attracting people to its main website. Other video sharing websites were following.[38]

B'Tselem USA

B'Tselem also maintains a presence in Washington, D.C., known as B'Tselem USA. B'Tselem USA states that its mission is "to inform the political and public discourse" in the US, ensuring that "human rights are a centerpiece of both the bilateral relationship [between the US and Israel] as well as diplomatic efforts" by the US to work toward peace in the region.[39] The group's director was Uri Zaki, a former IDF officer and member of the Meretz party in Israel.[40] In 2013, Zaki, who is tenth on the Meretz party list, left Washington for Israel, where he planned to take an active role in politics.[41]

Main research areas

B'Tselem investigates in a number of aspects related to the Arab-Israeli conflict. In particular the following:

  • Casualty statistics in Gaza during the series of brief wars with Israel.[42]
  • The accountability of police and military forces in the territories.[43]
  • The use of administrative punishment.
  • The continued use of torture during interrogations, particularly by the GSS (General Security Services of Israel).
  • The illegal policy of house demolition, as a form of collective punishment, which is often justified for alleged military purposes.
  • Inequalities in the planning and building procedures which discriminate against Palestinians and Israeli-Arabs.
  • The legal status of residents of East Jerusalem.
  • The path and effects of the Israeli West Bank barrier and its legal status.
  • Problems related to family unification and child registration.
  • Neglect of infrastructure and services.
  • Illegal Israeli settlements and the extreme closures placed upon the Palestinian population of Hebron.
  • Breaches of international human rights law.
  • The water crisis in Palestinian areas.
  • Family separation.
  • Restrictions on movement, such as checkpoints roads, curfew and the effect these have on the economy and medical treatment.
  • Israeli settlement land expropriation, settler violence and attacks on Israeli civilians by Palestinian militants.
  • Gaza Strip - The scope of Israeli control, economic and social decline, sonic booms, access restrictions, the firing of Qassam rockets.
  • Use of force - beating and abuse, use of firearms and human shields.
  • Violations by Palestinians - attacks on civilians, harm to suspected collaborators, death penalty in the Palestinian Authority.
  • Rights of workers from the territories.

Board members

B'Tselem board members are:[44]

Board members have changed over the past 10 years. Four board members from 1998 remain on the board in 2008.[46][47]


B'Tselem's executive director is Hagai El-Ad. In 2011 the group staff has 38 employees in a Research Department, a Data Coordination department, a communications department, and an administration department.[2] Field data research in the West Bank and Gaza Strip for B'Tselem was, until the Second Intifada, performed by Israeli Arabs. Data analysis and dissemination was conducted at the Jerusalem office. Because of restriction on entry to these areas for Israeli citizens, the Israeli Arab field workers were replaced with similarly qualified Palestinian Arabs who transmit research data to the office via fax or phone, sometimes negotiating checkpoints to reach the Jerusalem office for debriefings.[48]

Attacks on staff

B'Tselem staff members have been both verbally and physically attacked by both Israeli settlers and Israeli military/police, including the assault of two of its fieldworker staff. According to B'Tselem, in one such incident, captured on film on 19 January 2008, a fieldworker was beaten by Israeli soldiers, then arrested for attacking them.[49] In another, on 20 June 2008, according to the organization, a worker was beaten and had his film confiscated after filming IDF troops allegedly ignoring violent crimes by Israeli settlers. Following B'Tselem's complaint, Israeli military police opened an investigation.[50] The group also says it has been the victim of other kinds of harassment, such as the slashing of tires on the organisation's jeep.[citation needed]


B'Tselem describes itself as an independent NGO, "funded by contributions from foundations in Europe and North America... and by private individuals in Israel and abroad", and by the governments of some EU countries and the European Commission.[51]

According to B'Tselem's 2010 financial report, they received donations from those listed in the table below.[52] (As required by Israeli law, all donations of 20,000 New Israeli Shekels (NIS) or more must be reported.)

Name of Donor Amount as contributed Amount in NIS
Annenberg Foundation $24,987 93,001
Commission of the European Communities €157,990 787,661
British Embassy 589,113NIS 589,113
Iris O'brien Foundation $45,595 168,973
Craig Fulton 144,750NIS 144,750
Bequeathed by Prof. Amos Matan 721,946NIS 721,946
New Israel Fund - Ford Israel Fund $70,000 + 380,030NIS 633,311
Naomi and Nehemia Cohen Foundation $20,000 + 95,050NIS 173,175
Thomas C. Hoegh $10,000 38,640
Diakonia $84,307 310,444
EED - Evangelischer Entwicklungsdienst €204,070 990,777
ICCO - Interchurch Organisation for Development Co-operation €120,000 614,000
Spunk Foundation International $35,000 131,950
Royal Norwegian Embassy 561,963NIS 561,963
SIVMO €12,624 62,885
Trocaire €49,979 249,795
Catholic Relief Services $175,000 650,950
Dan Church Aid $78,629 291,817
Christian Aid €39,984 193,123
Samuel Sebba Charitable Trust 300,000NIS 300,000
Stiftung Open Society Institute $96,956 370,905
NGO Development Center (NDC) $179,860 643,419
Pro Victimis Foundation $176,000 640,100
Sigrid Rausing Trust £281,981 1,689,868
Other donations (under 20,000NIS) 507,234
Total 9,349,724

Award nominations

Together with two other human rights organizations, B'Tselem was a nominee for the 2014 Václav Havel Human Rights Prize selected by a panel of six independent experts chaired by Anne Brasseur, President of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe.[53]


Historian Mordechai Bar-On writes that B'Tselem's reports "frequently included ugly accounts of the behavior of Israeli security officials" and that Israelis "were often disturbed by these reports." At the same time, the Israeli media viewed the organization as "a reliable source of information" and their reports were in most cases proven to be accurate. Israeli military authorities also frequently turned to B'tselem to confirm the IDF's own information.[54] Critics of B'tselem, including the Committee for Accuracy in Middle East Reporting in America, the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs, and Caroline B. Glick, have challenged the accuracy of its reports, arguing that B'tselem has at times classified Arab combatants and terrorists as civilian casualties.[55][56][57][58] B'tselem has issued rebuttals to its critics.[59][60][61]

In 2011, Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman called for a parliamentary investigation of B'Tselem and other human rights organizations. These groups, he said, "are clearly not concerned with human rights. They spread lies, they slander and incite against the state of Israel and against Israeli soldiers... Clearly these organizations are abetting terrorism and their only objective is to undermine Israel," he said in a speech to fellow members of his right-wing Yisrael Beiteinu ("Israel our home") party.[7]

In 2015, the Israeli NGO Regavim disagreed with B'tselem on a question of fact. B'tselem had said that 14 families were left homeless after the IDF demolished a number shacks in the West Bank near the settlement of Maale Adumim. Ragavim contended that nobody lived the structures in question.[62]

A response from the IDF from 1992 to a particular B'Tselem report on the activities of military undercover units remarked that "a large portion of the incidents cited are attributed to vague, anonymous sources - often rumors or stories gleaned from the press." The IDF letter added that B'Tselem's report "ignores the prevailing situation in the area, in which armed, hard-core terrorists, who do not adhere to any code of law, have engaged in terror attacks." At the same time, the IDF letter also acknowledged wrongdoing by military forces. In an incident that B'Tselem reported on at Idna, the IDF commented that a police investigation "found that an officer and several soldiers were apparently negligent in performing their duties and acted in an illegal manner." The IDF said it could not comment on some of the other cases from the B'Tselem report due to ongoing legal proceedings.[63]

Some opponents of the organization have grudgingly expressed admiration for B'Tselem's research. Gerald Steinberg said that "B'Tselem really does have a credible research capability, and even among serious critics like me who disagree with B’Tselem’s political agenda, their research ability is acknowledged."[64]

The IDF has also expressed gratitude to the organization for publishing information about the military's wrongdoing, including information that led, in July 2010, to indictments of a number of soldiers. The IDF's top lawyer at the time General Avichai Mendelblit "voiced his gratitude to the human rights organization B’Tselem, thanking the organization for testimonies its activists passed on to the IDF and for assisting in coordinating the questioning of Palestinian eyewitnesses at the Erez crossing."[64]

In response to a speech given by El-Ad to the United Nations Security Council urging the international community to take action against Israeli settlements,[65] Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu announced that he will work to ban national service volunteers from working in B'Tselem.[66] The United States government said it was "troubled" by attacks by government officials on B'Tselem with State Department spokesman John Kirby saying that the U.S. "believe(s) that a free and unfettered civil society is a critical component of democracy... it is important that governments protect the freedoms of expression, and create an atmosphere where all voices can be heard."[67]

Uvda Investigation

In January 2016, Channel 2 (Israel) broadcast footage of Ta'ayush activist Ezra Nawi boasting that he has worked together with B'Tselem activist Nasser Nawaj'ah, posing as a prospective Jewish purchaser of land owned by Palestinians, then provided the Palestinian National Security Forces with the names and telephone numbers of Palestinian land brokers willing to sell land to him. Nawi is both Jewish and Israeli, and the Palestinian legal code regards sale of land to Israelis as a capital offense. Nawi said such people are beaten and executed. In the recording, Nawi says "The Authority catches them and kills them. But before they kill them they beat them up."[68][69][70]

Representative publications

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f "About B'Tselem". B'Tselem. Archived from the original on 29 January 2010. Retrieved 2 February 2010. 
  2. ^ a b c Staff, B'Tselem.
  3. ^ Fairbanks, Eve (12 March 2015). "The battle to be Israel's conscience". The Guardian UK. Retrieved 11 August 2015. 
  4. ^ "About B'Tselem". 
  5. ^ "A Peace Organization Making Peace Around The World - Carter Center". Archived from the original on 2010-12-12. 
  6. ^ "Carter-Menil Rights Award For Israeli and Arab Groups". The New York Times. Reuters. 16 November 1989. 
  7. ^ a b Bender, Arik (10 January 2011). "הוועדה הפרלמנטרית תחקור את בצלם, עדאלה ופרופיל חדש" [Parliamentary committee to investigate B'tselem, Adallah and New Profile] (in Hebrew). NRG (Maariv). Retrieved 15 June 2011. ברור שהארגונים האלו לא עוסקים בזכויות אדם. הארגונים האלו מפיצים שקרים, מכפישים ומסיתים נגד מדינת ישראל ונגד חיילי צה"ל. מעולם, אף אחד מהארגונים האלו לא אמרו שישראל צדקה. ברור שמדובר בארגונים סייעני טרור נטו, שכל מטרתם להחליש את צה"ל." "שר החוץ אביגדור ליברמן יוצא במתקפה חריפה נגד ארגוני זכויות אדם ישראלים שיעמדו במרכז עבודתה של ועדת החקירה הפרלמנטרית שתקים הכנסת, וטען כי שורה של אי-סדרים כלכליים שלדבריו מאפיינים אותם עשויה להצביע על סיוע לפעילות טרור. 
  8. ^ "B'Tselem cuts ties with IDF over 'whitewashing'". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 1 June 2016. 
  9. ^ "B'Tselem Brochure" (PDF). B'Tselem. Retrieved 16 April 2013. 
  10. ^ Kessler, Glenn (20 March 2015). "Netanyahu's claim that 'tens of millions' in foreign money was aimed against him". Washington Post. Retrieved 10 August 2015. 
  11. ^ June 2009. Pages 41-42.
  12. ^ "Rocket and mortar fire into Israel". B'Tselem. 24 Jul 2014. Retrieved 11 August 2015. 
  13. ^ February 2002. Pages 41,42. Also questions effectiveness.
  14. ^ Information Sheet November 2004. Pages 57,58. Heshin cites the Torah; "senior defense establishment official": As for those who carry out the suicide attacks, the supply is greater than demand.
  15. ^ Information sheet December 2000. Pages 39, 40.
  16. ^ Information Sheet January 2001. Page 32.
  17. ^ Information Sheet June 2001. ISSN 0792-8114. Page 14.
  18. ^ Position Paper, Jerusalem March 2003. Page 36.
  19. ^ Information Sheet September 2006. ISSN 0792-8114. Pages 41-43.
  20. ^ July 2006. ISSN 0793-520X. Page 46.
  21. ^ October 2009. ISSN 0793-520X. Page 65.
  22. ^ December 2010. ISSN 0793-520X. Pages 31,32.
  23. ^ Information Sheet March 2002. Page 28.
  24. ^ Information Sheet May 2005. ISSN 0792-8114. Page 30.
  25. ^ October 2010. ISSN 0793-520X. Page 49.
  26. ^ April 1997. Page 33.
  27. ^ Status report September 2003. Page 24.
  28. ^ March 2001, ISSN 0792-8114. Page 37.
  29. ^ Status report August 2003. Page 35.
  30. ^ Information sheet August 2004. ISSN 0792-8114. Pages 36,37.
  31. ^ December 2008. ISSN 0792-8114. Pages 32,33.
  32. ^ September 2008. Page 79.
  33. ^ "The Interrogation of Palestinians During the Intifada: Ill-Treatment, "Moderate Physical Pressure" or Torture?, March 1991". 
  34. ^ January 2000, Position Paper ISSN 1565-1746. Page 75.
  35. ^ Information Sheet July 2001. Page 20.
  36. ^ "Kept in the Dark". October 2010. p. 60. 
  37. ^ B'Tselem (Contributor) (2007-01-11). Sharmouta ("whore" in Arabic). Event occurs at 01:03 minutes. Retrieved 2007-12-30. 
  38. ^ B'Tselem at YouTube
    B'Tselem at MySpace
    B'Tselem at Facebook
    B'Tselem at Dailymotion
    B'Tselem at Sevenload
    B'Tselem-Videos at Yahoo! Video
  39. ^ "B'Tselem USA". B'Tselem. Retrieved 16 April 2013. 
  40. ^ "Staff Bios". B'Tselem USA. B'Tselem. Retrieved 16 April 2013. 
  41. ^ Ben Zehavi (May 29, 2013). "Human rights activist trades DC for Israeli politics". Times of Israel. 
  42. ^ Weinthal, Benjamin (20 August 2014). "B'Tselem's Gaza war statistics under fire". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 19 August 2015. 
  43. ^ Ha'aretz 14 August 2008 B'tselem: IDF only launched 4 probes into 189 Palestinian deaths By Yuval Azoulay
  44. ^ Board members, B'Tselem.
  45. ^ "Journalist, B'Tselem Founder Amnon Kapeliouk Dies Aged 78". Archived from the original on 2012-12-08. 
  46. ^ B'Tselem Quarterly for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories, December 1998
  47. ^ List of Btselem board members, 2008
  48. ^ Hausman, Tamar (July 17, 2001). "B'Tselem chooses its first Anglo director". Haaretz. 
  49. ^ "Soldiers assault and arrest B'Tselem worker in Hebron". 
  50. ^ "22 June '08: Soldier assaults B'Tselem worker filming settler violence, takes the cassette". 
  51. ^ "List of donors to B'Tselem". B'Tselem. Archived from the original on 29 January 2010. Retrieved 2 February 2010. 
  52. ^ "Btselem 2010 Financial Statement" (PDF). 
  53. ^ Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe website, "Three Nominees for the Václav Havel Human Rights Prize 2014," 26 August 2014,
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External links

Media related to B'Tselem at Wikimedia Commons