B-10 recoilless rifle

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B-10 recoilless rifle
B-10-82mm-recoilles-rifle-batey-haosef-1-1.jpg
B-10 recoilless rifle in Batey ha-Osef Museum, Israel.
TypeRecoilless rifle
Place of originSoviet Union
Service history
In service1954–1980s (USSR)
Used bySoviet Union
other users
WarsVietnam War
Yom Kippur War[1]
Lebanese Civil War[2]
Western Sahara War
Angolan Civil War[3]
Lord's Resistance Army insurgency
Iran–Iraq War
Somali Civil War[4]
Gulf War
Libyan Civil War[5]
Syrian Civil War
Iraqi Civil War
Yemeni Civil War (2015-present)[6]
Conflict in Najran, Jizan and Asir
Production history
DesignerKBM (Kolomna)
VariantsType 65
Specifications
Weight85.3 kg (188 lbs)
71.7 kg (158 lbs)
without wheels
Length1.85 m (6 ft)
travel position
Barrel length1.66 m (5 ft 5 in)
Crew4

Caliber82 mm (3.22 in)
ActionSingle shot
CarriageTwo wheeled with integrated tripod
Elevation-20/+35°
Traverse250° in each direction for 360 total.
Rate of fire5 to 7 rpm
Effective firing range400 m (437 yds)
Maximum firing range4,500 m (4,921 yds)
Feed systemBreech loaded
SightsOptical (PBO-2)

The B-10 recoilless rifle (Bezotkatnojie orudie-10, known as the RG82 in East Germany)[7] is a Soviet 82 mm smoothbore recoilless gun. It could be carried on the rear of a BTR-50 armoured personnel carrier. It was a development of the earlier SPG-82, and entered Soviet service during 1954. It was phased out of service in the Soviet Army in the 1960s and replaced by the SPG-9, remaining in service with parachute units at least until the 1980s. Although now obsolete it was used by a large number of countries during the Cold War.[8][9]

Description[edit]

Polish Army B-10 recoilless gun

The weapon consists of a large barrel, with a PBO-2 sight mounted to the left. It is mounted on a small carriage, which has two large wheels, which can be removed. The carriage has an integrated tripod, from which the weapon is normally fired. A small wheel is fitted to the front of the barrel to prevent it touching the ground while being towed. It is normally towed by vehicle, although it can be towed by its four-man crew for short distances using the tow handle fitted to either side of the muzzle.

The tripod can be deployed in two positions providing either a good field of fire or a low silhoutte. Rounds are inserted into the weapon through the breech, and percussion fired using a pistol grip to the right of the barrel. The PBO-2 optical sight has a 5.5x zoom direct fire sight, and a 2.5x zoom sight for indirect fire.

Variants[edit]

  • Type 65 – Chinese version that weighs only 28.2 kg with a tripod mount and no wheels.[8]
  • Type 65-1 – Chinese lightenend version (26kg)[10]
  • Type 78 - Chinese lightened version[8]
  • RG 82 – East Germany version[7]

Ammunition[edit]

A cutaway BK-881 HEAT round.
  • BK-881 – HEAT-FS 3.87 kg. 0.46 kg of RDX. GK-2 PIBD fuze.
  • BK-881M – HEAT-FS 4.11 kg. 0.54 kg of RDX. GK-2M PDIBD fuze. 240 mm versus RHA. Muzzle velocity 322 m/s.
  • O-881A – HE-FRAG 3.90 kg. 0.46 kg of TNT/dinitronaphthalene. GK-2 fuze. Muzzle velocity 320 m/s. Indirect fire maximum range 4500 m.
  • Type 65 (Chinese) – HEAT 3.5 kg. 356 mm versus RHA. Muzzle velocity 240 m/s.
  • Type 65 (Chinese) – HE-FRAG 4.6 kg. Warhead contains approx 780 balls – lethal radius 20 m. Muzzle velocity 175 m/s. Max range 1750 m.

Users[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ David Campbell (2016). Israeli Soldier vs Syrian Soldier : Golan Heights 1967–73. Combat 18. illustrated by Johnny Shumate. Osprey Publishing. p. 78. ISBN 9781472813305.
  2. ^ Neville, Leigh (19 Apr 2018). Technicals: Non-Standard Tactical Vehicles from the Great Toyota War to modern Special Forces. New Vanguard 257. Osprey Publishing. p. 15. ISBN 9781472822512.
  3. ^ Fitzsimmons, Scott (November 2012). "Executive Outcomes Defeats UNITA". Mercenaries in Asymmetric Conflicts. Cambridge University Press. p. 217. doi:10.1017/CBO9781139208727.006. ISBN 9781107026919.
  4. ^ Neville 2018.
  5. ^ a b Neville 2018, p. 12.
  6. ^ a b "PressTV-Yemen war: Saudi-led forces begin assault on Hudaydah".
  7. ^ a b c Jenzen-Jones, N. R. (December 2015). "Recoilless Weapons" (PDF). Small Arms Survey Research Notes (55).
  8. ^ a b c d "B-10 - Weaponsystems.net". weaponsystems.net.
  9. ^ Shinn, David H.; Eisenman, Joshua (10 July 2012). "China and Africa: A Century of Engagement". University of Pennsylvania Press – via Google Books.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Jones, Richard D. Jane's Infantry Weapons 2009/2010. Jane's Information Group; 35 edition (January 27, 2009). ISBN 978-0-7106-2869-5.
  11. ^ Bhatia, Michael Vinai; Sedra, Mark (May 2008). Small Arms Survey, ed. Afghanistan, Arms and Conflict: Armed Groups, Disarmament and Security in a Post-War Society. Routledge. p. 66. ISBN 978-0-415-45308-0.
  12. ^ Military Balance 2016, p. 320.
  13. ^ Military Balance 2016, p. 429.
  14. ^ Military Balance 2016, p. 239.
  15. ^ Military Balance 2016, p. 242.
  16. ^ Military Balance 2016, p. 445.
  17. ^ Military Balance 2016, p. 449.
  18. ^ Military Balance 2016, p. 450.
  19. ^ Military Balance 2016, p. 328.
  20. ^ Rottman, Gordon L. (1993). Armies of the Gulf War. Elite 45. Osprey Publishing. p. 49. ISBN 9781855322776.
  21. ^ Bender, Jeremy (17 Nov 2014). "As ISIS Continues To Gain Ground, Here's What The Militants Have In Their Arsenal". Business Insider.
  22. ^ Military Balance 2016, p. 458.
  23. ^ Military Balance 2016, p. 459.
  24. ^ Military Balance 2016, p. 406.
  25. ^ Military Balance 2016, p. 265.
  26. ^ Small Arms Survey (2006). "Fuelling Fear: The Lord's Resistance Army and Small Arms" (PDF). Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business. Oxford University Press. p. 283. ISBN 978-0-19-929848-8.
  27. ^ Salvador López de la Torre (20 November 1984). "El fracaso militar del Polisario: Smul Niran, una catástrofe de la guerrilla". ABC (in Spanish). pp. 32–33.
  28. ^ Small Arms Survey (2012). "Surveying the Battlefield: Illicit Arms In Afghanistan, Iraq, and Somalia" (PDF). Small Arms Survey 2012: Moving Targets. Cambridge University Press. pp. 339, 342. ISBN 978-0-521-19714-4.
  29. ^ Military Balance 2016, p. 492.
  30. ^ Worldwide Military Videos (14 April 2014). "Syrian Rebels Fire B10 Recoiless(sic) Rifle" – via YouTube.[better source needed]
  31. ^ Military Balance 2016, p. 474.
  32. ^ Military Balance 2016, p. 297.

External links[edit]