B-flat minor

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B minor
Relative key D major
Parallel key B major
Dominant key F minor
Subdominant E minor
Component pitches
B, C, D, E, F, G, A, B
B-flat natural minor scale ascending and descending. About this sound Play 
B-flat harmonic minor scale ascending and descending. About this sound Play 
B-flat melodic minor scale ascending and descending. About this sound Play 

B minor or B-flat minor is a minor scale consisting of the pitches B, C, D, E, F, G, and A. Its key signature has five flats. The harmonic minor scale would use an A instead of A.

Its relative major is D-flat major, its parallel major is B-flat major and its enharmonic equivalent is A-sharp minor.

B-flat minor is traditionally a 'dark' key.[1] Important oboe solos in this key in the orchestral literature include the second movement of Tchaikovsky's Symphony No. 4, which depicts "the feeling that you get when you are all alone", in Tchaikovsky's words. Tchaikovsky's Piano Concerto No. 1 is also in B-flat minor. An Alpine Symphony by Richard Strauss begins and ends in B-flat minor. For orchestration of piano music, some theorists recommend transposing the music to A minor or B minor.

The old valveless horn was barely capable of playing in B-flat minor; the only example found in 18th-century music is a modulation that occurs in the first minuet of Franz Krommer's Concertino in D major, Op. 80.[2]

In classical music[edit]

Notable songs[edit]

Notable songs written in B-flat minor include:

References[edit]

External links[edit]