B-flat minor

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B minor
D-flat-major b-flat-minor.svg
Relative key D major
Parallel key B major
Dominant key F minor
Subdominant E minor
enharmonic: D minor
Enharmonic A minor
Component pitches
B, C, D, E, F, G, A

B minor is a minor scale based on B, consisting of the pitches B, C, D, E, F, G, and A. Its key signature has five flats. Its relative major is D major and its parallel major is B major. Its enharmonic equivalent, A minor, which would contain seven sharps, is not normally used.

The B natural minor scale is:

\relative c' { 
  \clef treble \key bes \minor \time 7/4 \hide Staff.TimeSignature bes4^\markup { Natural minor scale } c des es f ges aes bes aes ges f es des c bes2
}

Changes needed for the melodic and harmonic versions of the scale are written in with accidentals as necessary. The B harmonic minor and melodic minor scales are:

\relative c' { 
  \clef treble \key bes \minor \time 7/4 \hide Staff.TimeSignature bes4^\markup { Harmonic minor scale } c des es f ges a bes a ges f es des c bes2
}
\relative c' { 
  \clef treble \key bes \minor \time 7/4 \hide Staff.TimeSignature bes4^\markup { Melodic minor scale (ascending and descending) } c des es f g a bes aes! ges! f es des c bes2
}

Characteristics[edit]

B minor is traditionally a 'dark' key.[1] Important oboe solos in this key in the orchestral literature include the second movement of Tchaikovsky's Symphony No. 4, which depicts "the feeling that you get when you are all alone"[citation needed] in Tchaikovsky's words. Tchaikovsky's Piano Concerto No. 1 is also in B minor. An Alpine Symphony by Richard Strauss begins and ends in B minor.

The old valveless horn was barely capable of playing in B minor; the only example found in 18th-century music is a modulation that occurs in the first minuet of Franz Krommer's Concertino in D major, Op. 80.[2]

Notable classical compositions[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]