B-type asteroid

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Pallas, the largest B-type asteroid.

B-type asteroids are a relatively uncommon type of carbonaceous asteroid, falling into the wider C-group; the 'B' indicates these objects are spectrally blue.[1] In the asteroid population, B-class objects can be found in the outer asteroid belt, and also dominate the high-inclination Pallas family which includes the second-largest asteroid 2 Pallas. They are thought to be primitive, volatile-rich remnants from the early Solar System. There are 65 known B-type asteroids in the SMASS classification,[2] and 9 in the Tholen classification as of March 2015.

Characteristics[edit]

Generally similar to the C-type objects, but differing in that the ultraviolet absorption below 0.5 μm is small or absent, and the spectrum is rather slightly bluish than reddish. The albedo also tends to be greater than in the generally very dark C type. Spectroscopy of B-class objects suggests major surface constituents of anhydrous silicates, hydrated clay minerals, organic polymers, magnetite, and sulfides. The closest matches to B-class asteroids have been obtained on carbonaceous chondrite meteorites that have been gently heated in the laboratory.

The majority of asteroids that have been observed to display cometary-like activity are B-types.[3][4] Some of these objects display indications of aqueous alteration in the past, and they may have incorporated significant amounts of water ice.[1]

Well studied B-type asteroids[edit]

B-type asteroid Bennu imaged by OSIRIS-REx from a range of 24 km (15 mi)

Asteroid 101955 Bennu is a B-type asteroid which is the target of the OSIRIS-REx mission. The mission seeks to characterize the asteroid by mapping the surface, studying the Yarkovsky effect, and retrieving a sample of the asteroid to return in 2023. The spacecraft was launched in 2016 and has been at Bennu since December 2018.

Other B-type asteroids include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Yang, Bin; Jewitt, David (September 2010). "Identification of Magnetite in B-type Asteroids". The Astronomical Journal. 140 (3): 692–698. arXiv:1006.5110. Bibcode:2010AJ....140..692Y. doi:10.1088/0004-6256/140/3/692.
  2. ^ "JPL Small-Body Database Search Engine: spec. type = B (SMASSII)". JPL Solar System Dynamics. Retrieved 2015-06-17.
  3. ^ Licandro, J; Hargrove, K; Kelley, M; Campins, H (Jan 2012). "5–14 μm Spitzer spectra of Themis family asteroids". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 537: A73. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201118142.
  4. ^ Alí-Lagoa, V; De León, J; Licandro, J; Delbo, M; Campins, H; Pinilla-Alonso, N; Kelley, M (Mar 2013). "Physical properties of B-type asteroids from WISE data". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 554: A71. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201220680. 1. Introduction: "the majority of asteroids that have been observed to display cometary-like activity are B-types"

See also[edit]