B. C. Binning

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B. C. Binning
Born
Bertram Charles Binning

(1909-02-10)February 10, 1909
Medicine Hat, Alberta
DiedMarch 16, 1976(1976-03-16) (aged 67)
NationalityCanadian
EducationVancouver School of Art with F. H. Varley and C. H. Scott; New York, Art Students League (1939) with Yasuo Kuniyoshi and others; London with Henry Moore; New York with Amédée Ozenfant
Known fordraughtsman; painter; architectural designer; art instructor, Head of Art Department and curator of the Art Gallery at University of British Columbia[1]
Spouse(s)Jessie Wyllie (married 1936)
AwardsOfficer, Order of Canada (1971); elected member in 1966, Royal Canadian Academy

Bertram Charles Binning CM RCA (10 February 1909 in Medicine Hat, Alberta – 16 March 1976 in Vancouver, British Columbia), popularly known as B. C. Binning, was best known for his drawings until 1946 when he first exhibited his witty semi-abstract paintings.[1]

Career[edit]

In 1949, when he was teaching at the Vancouver School of Art (today's Emily Carr University of Art and Design), he was invited by Fred Lasserre, the first director of the School of Architecture at The University of British Columbia (U.B.C.) to come and teach art to the architecture students.[2] Binning, from a family of architects,[3] believed that art, architecture and life were intimately connected.[4]

Binning invited Richard Neutra, one of the leading architects in the Modernism movement in California, to lecture in Vancouver in 1949 and 1953.[5] He and his culturally aware wife Jessie (Wyllie) Binning (1906–2007) provided many opportunities in their home for artists, writers and architects to socialize.[6]

Bert and Jessie Binning fostered close ties with the most recognized figures in art in Vancouver. They were friends with Lawren S. Harris and his wife, artist Bess Harris. Those in his academic circle of intimates from art school were Gordon A. Smith and his wife Marion Smith, Orville Fisher, Fred Amess, John Koerner, Jack Shadbolt and his wife Doris Shadbolt, Lionel Thomas, and also Bruno Bobak and his wife Molly Lamb Bobak.[7] It was an exciting time in the world art scene too. The oppressive constraints of Victorian attitudes toward art and architecture had been thrown off. In Europe and the United States, Modernist architecture and "futuristic" urban and regional design were taking hold and Binning wanted to introduce them to British Columbia.[8]

Plaque in front of the B.C. Binning house in West Vancouver

In Binning's personal artistic practice he revealed his lifestyle. Known as an excellent draughtsman, he recorded his experiences in intricate line drawings: a detailed remembrance of an unusual hotel room, studies of peaceful-looking female figures, or an architectural drawing of a street in Vancouver. The drawings exude humour and love: a friend cutting a dog's hair or a picnic view from a high perch.[9] Innovative and intelligent, his hospitality to students, colleagues and world figures alike made him a well-loved professor.

The paintings, internationally recognized and exhibited regularly, are composed and formal yet saturated with his leisurely weekends sailing the B.C. Coast with his wife. The nautical themes and the layered, regal, simple, ship forms portray a unique architectural style. The celebratory touches are often primary colours. The expanses of painted shapes are purely those of the coast he knew best.[10]

Binning's monumental accomplishments on the scene of Vancouver's art and architecture placed the city on the cultural map internationally. In 1946, he helped to found the Art in Living Group, which in 1949 had a major show, Design for Living, at the Vancouver Art Gallery.[7] In 1954, works by Binning, along with those of Paul-Émile Borduas, and Jean-Paul Riopelle represented Canada at the Venice Biennale.[11] His visits to Japan and personality made him an important figure in the negotiations for the Nitobe Garden at U.B.C.[12] He founded and presided over the U.B.C. Festival of the Contemporary Arts, a mold-breaking yearly avant-garde celebration spanning the decade of the 1960s in Vancouver, at the peak of which Marshall McLuhan spoke in 1964.[13]

Eventually he helped found the Department of Fine Art at U.B.C. and headed it.[13] He presented many papers internationally; was on advisory boards; received innumerable grants, awards, fellowships, one-person shows and retrospective exhibitions. He became an Officer of the Order of Canada in 1971. He retired in 1974. He died in 1976.

In 1997, the Bauhaus-influenced Binning Residence Binning designed for himself in 1941 in West Vancouver[14] was declared a National Historic Site of Canada.[15] His widow, Jessie, surviving him by three decades, had lived and managed his legacy there until then. When Jessie died in 2007 at the age of 101, the ownership and management of the house transferred to TLC The Land Conservancy of British Columbia. The Land Conservancy has made the house available to the public through pre-arranged tours and special events. His work continues to be shown regularly in Metro Vancouver - lately at the Vancouver Art Gallery, Burnaby Art Gallery and West Vancouver Museum; and is part of The Artists4Kids Trust.

Education[edit]

Binning started his studies in 1927 at the Vancouver School of Decorative and Applied Arts (shortly to become the Vancouver School of Art) under Frederick Varley and later taught at the school.[16] In 1938–39, he took a year's leave of his teaching duties to study in London, England under Mark Gertler, Bernard Meninsky and, most significantly, Henry Moore.[17] Upon his return to North America, he spent a brief period studying in New York at the Art Students League.[18]

Selected commissions[edit]

  • 1952: painted murals, O'Brien Advertising Centre, Vancouver
  • 1952/53: interior architectural composition, B.C. Electric (Dal Grauer Substation, Vancouver)
  • 1956: mosaic wall tile and facade colour scheme, B.C. Electric Building, Vancouver
  • 1958: mosaic mural, Imperial Bank of Commerce, Vancouver
  • 1963: colour design of Port Mann Bridge over Fraser River, B.C.

Selected collections[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Bradfield 1970, p. 31.
  2. ^ Rogatnick 2006, pp. 12.
  3. ^ Rogatnick 2006, pp. 3.
  4. ^ Rogatnick 2006, pp. 2.
  5. ^ Rogatnick 2006, pp. 16.
  6. ^ Rogatnick 2006, pp. 18.
  7. ^ a b Rogatnick 2006, pp. 11.
  8. ^ Rogatnick 2006, pp. 8–9.
  9. ^ Thom 2006, pp. 84–116.
  10. ^ Thom 2006, pp. 118–159.
  11. ^ "Past Canadian Exhibitions". National Gallery of Canada at the Venice Biennale. National Gallery of Canada. Archived from the original on October 13, 2013. Retrieved October 12, 2013.
  12. ^ Rogatnick 2006, pp. 20.
  13. ^ a b Nasgaard 2007, p. 128.
  14. ^ Weder 2006, p. 42-68.
  15. ^ Binning Residence. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 23 October 2011.
  16. ^ Rogatnick 2006, pp. 6.
  17. ^ Thom 2006, pp. 82–83.
  18. ^ Thom 2006, pp. 89.
  19. ^ Binning, B.C. "The Collection". ago.ca. Art Gallery of Ontario. Retrieved August 3, 2020.
  20. ^ "Bertram Charles Binning". National Gallery of Canada. Retrieved August 3, 2020.
  21. ^ Binning, Bertram Charles. "works in the collection". rmg.minisisinc.com. Robert McLaughlin Gallery, Oshawa. Retrieved August 3, 2020.
  22. ^ "The Permanent Collection" (PDF). Retrieved March 20, 2017.
  23. ^ "Vancouver Art Gallery". www.vanartgallery.bc.ca. Retrieved March 20, 2017.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]