B. Marcus Priteca

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B. Marcus Priteca
Born
Benjamin Marcus Priteca

23 December 1889
Glasgow, Scotland
Died1 October 1971 (aged 81)

Benjamin Marcus Priteca FAIA (23 December 1889 – 1 October 1971) was a Scottish architect. He is best known for designing theatres for Alexander Pantages.

Early life[edit]

Benjamin Marcus Priteca was born into a Jewish family in Glasgow on 23 December 1889.[1] His nickname was "Benny".[2] He served an apprenticeship in Edinburgh under architect Robert MacFarlane Cameron from 1904 to 1909, and earned degrees from the University of Edinburgh and the Royal College of Arts during this time.[3] In 1909, he emigrated to the U.S. and settled in Seattle.[3]

Career[edit]

Priteca met Seattle vaudeville theatre owner Alexander Pantages in 1910 and won a commission from him to design the San Francisco Pantages Theater (1911), the first of many so-named vaudeville and motion picture houses in what would become one of the largest theater chains in North America.

In all, Priteca designed 22 theaters for Pantages and another 128 for other theater owners. Notable theaters include the Coliseum (1915) in Seattle;[2] the Pantages (1918) in Tacoma, Washington;[2] the Pantages (1920) in Los Angeles, California (downtown);[2] the Pantages in San Diego, California (1924);[2] the Pantages (renamed The Orpheum) (1926) in San Francisco, California (downtown);[2] the Pantages (1928) in Fresno, California;[2] the Paramount (1929) in Seattle; the Pantages (1929) in Hollywood, California (the last and largest of the Pantages theaters); the Warner on Pacific Boulevard in Huntington Park, California (1930); the Admiral (1942) in West Seattle; and the Orpheum in Vancouver.[4]

Priteca also designed the 1934 Grandstand and Clubhouse of Longacres Racetrack in Renton, Washington, which operated from 1935 to 1994 and has since been demolished. Pantages is said to have liked Priteca as a theater architect for his ability to create the appearance of opulence within a less-than-opulent budget. Pantages is quoted as saying, "Any damn fool can make a place look like a million dollars by spending a million dollars, but it's not everybody who can do the same thing with half a million."

Priteca's apprentices included Gregory Ain, who went on to success as a modernist architect (practicing in a very different manner). Ain worked with Priteca for a short time in the late 1920s and helped draw the Los Angeles Pantages.[5] In 1951, Priteca became a Fellow of the American Institute of Architects.[6] He remained active as an architect well into his later years, working as a consultant in the design of the Seattle Opera House (1962) and the Civic Auditorium (1968) in Portland, Oregon.

Death[edit]

Priteca died in Seattle on 1 October 1971, at the age of 81.[7] His first name was mistakenly recorded as "Bernard" on his death certificate.[8] He was posthumously awarded honorary membership of the Theatre Historical Society of America.[3]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Normand, Eugene. "A Tale of Two Cities' Jewish Architects: Emile Weil of New Orleans and B. Marcus Priteca of Seattle". academia.edu. Retrieved 2015-09-09. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Michelson, Alan (2015). "Benjamin Marcus Priteca". Pacific Coast Architecture Database. Retrieved 2018-02-11.
  3. ^ a b c Sutermeister, Miriam (2017). "Chapter 32. B. Marcus Priteca". In Ochsner, Jeffrey Karl (ed.). Shaping Seattle Architecture: A Historical Guide to the Architects (2nd ed.). University of Washington Press. pp. 216–221. ISBN 9780295806891.
  4. ^ "B. Marcus Priteca - The Orpheum Theatre - History of Vancouver". www.vancouverhistory.ca. Retrieved 2018-02-11.
  5. ^ Denzer, Anthony (2008). Gregory Ain: The Modern Home as Social Commentary. Rizzoli Publications. ISBN 978-0-8478-3062-6.
  6. ^ College of Fellows: History & Directory. The American Institute of Architects. 2000. p. 86.
  7. ^ "B. Marcus Priteca". The New York Times. 4 October 1971. p. 42. Retrieved 2018-02-11.
  8. ^ Ochsner, Jeffrey Karl (2017). "Sources of information for the architects. B. Marcus Priteca". Shaping Seattle Architecture: A Historical Guide to the Architects (2nd ed.). University of Washington Press. p. 377. ISBN 9780295806891.

External links[edit]