B. S. Johnson

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B. S. Johnson
BornBryan Stanley William Johnson
(1933-02-05)5 February 1933
Died13 November 1973(1973-11-13) (aged 40)
London, England
OccupationNovelist, poet and director
PeriodEarly 1960s to early 1970s
GenreFictional prose
Literary movementModernism
Notable worksAlbert Angelo, Christie Malry's Own Double-Entry

Bryan Stanley William Johnson (5 February 1933 – 13 November 1973)[1] was an English experimental novelist, poet and literary critic. He also produced television programmes and made films.

Early life[edit]

Johnson was born into a working-class family, the only child of bookseller's stock-keeper Stanley Wilfred Johnson (1908-1973) and waitress/ barmaid Emily Jane (1908-1971; née Lambird), of Hammersmith. During the Second World War, the family moved to nearby Barnes.[2][3][4]

Johnson was evacuated from London twice during World War II; having been educated at Flora Gardens Primary School, Hammersmith, he and his mother were evacuated to Chobham, Surrey in 1937, where they remained for two years, and he attended the village school. After a brief return to Hammersmith, in 1941 he was sent alone to High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, where he attended a local school. Having failed the eleven plus examination, he was unable to enter Latymer School at Hammersmith, and spent the last year of the war at Highfields Secondary Modern School. On his return home, he attended Barnes County Secondary Modern School, before "passing some sort of simple examination" allowing him to transfer to Kingston Day Commercial School, where "they taught me shorthand, typing, and bookkeeping. Useful."[5] He left school at 16 to work variously as an accounting clerk for a building company and for a baker, a bank junior, and a clerk at Standard Oil, but taught himself Latin in the evenings, attended a year's pre-university course at Birkbeck College, and with this preparation, managed to pass the university entrance exam for King's College London in 1956.[5][6][7]

Career[edit]

After he graduated with a 2:2 degree in 1959[8] and while working as a private tutor and supply teacher in Surrey, Johnson wrote a series of increasingly experimental and often acutely personal novels. In his early years he collaborated on several projects with a close friend and fellow writer, Zulfikar Ghose, with whom he produced a joint collection of stories, Statement Against Corpses. Like Johnson's early stories (at least superficially) his first two novels, Travelling People (1963) and Albert Angelo (1964), at first appear relatively conventional in plot terms. However, the first novel uses several innovative devices and includes a section set out as a film script. The second includes famously cut-through pages to enable the reader to skip forward. His work became progressively even more experimental. The Unfortunates (1969) was published in a box with no binding (readers could assemble the book any way they liked, apart from the chapters marked 'First' and 'Last' which did indicate preferred terminal points). BBC Producer Lorna Pegram employed him to talk about this creation for the TV series Release. With barely any negotiation the interview was ready months before the book was ready for publication.[9] House Mother Normal (1971) was written in purely chronological order such that the various characters' thoughts and experiences would cross each other and become intertwined, not just page by page, but sentence by sentence.[citation needed] He won the Eric Gregory Award in 1962 and the Somerset Maugham Award in 1967.

Johnson led and associated with a loose circle of "experimental" authors in Sixties Britain, who included Alan Burns, Eva Figes, Rayner Heppenstall, Ann Quin, Stefan Themerson and Wilson Harris, among others. Many of them contributed to London Consequences, a novel consisting of a palimpsest of chapters passed between a range of participating authors, edited by Margaret Drabble and Johnson. Johnson also made numerous experimental films, published poetry, and wrote reviews, short stories and plays. For many years he was the poetry editor of Transatlantic Review.[citation needed]

He is mentioned several times in Paul Theroux's account of his friendship with V. S. Naipaul, Sir Vidia's Shadow.[10]

Death and legacy[edit]

At the age of 40, increasingly depressed by his failure to succeed commercially, and beset by family problems, Johnson took his own life by slitting his wrists.[11]

Johnson's following at the time of his death was small, if enthusiastic, but he quickly acquired a posthumous cult following, helped by a critically acclaimed film adaptation in 2000 of the last novel of his to appear in his lifetime, Christie Malry's Own Double-Entry (1973).[12] Singer-songwriter Joe Pernice paid tribute to Johnson on the 2006 Pernice Brothers album Live a Little. Jonathan Coe's 2004 biography Like a Fiery Elephant (winner of the 2005 Samuel Johnson Prize) again led to a renewal of interest in Johnson's work. Coe himself is now a president of the B. S. Johnson Society,[13] which aims "to bring closer Johnson scholars, readers and aficionados alike in their various approaches to the author's life and work."[13]

In April 2013, the British Film Institute released You're Human Like the Rest of Them, a collection of Johnson's films, as part of the BFI Flipside DVD series.[14]

In 2015, the Nottingham Five Leaves Bookshop held an event called "But I Know This City!" focused around Johnson's novel The Unfortunates, which is set in Nottingham.[15] It took participants around the city to listen to live readings of the novel's sections in whatever order they chose. Meanwhile Indie pop]] band Los Campesinos! cited the literature of B. S. Johnson among their non-musical influences.[16]

There is a large collection of B. S. Johnson's literary papers and correspondence in the British Library (Add MS 89001).[17]

Bibliography[edit]

Novels[edit]

Poetry and anthologies, including those edited by Johnson[edit]

  • Poems (1964)
  • The Evacuees (1968)
  • London Consequences: A Novel (1972). A novel with each chapter composed by a different author including Johnson, Margaret Drabble, Paul Ableman and others
  • All Bull: The National Servicemen (1973)
  • Aren't You Rather Young to be Writing Your Memoirs? (1973). A collection of Johnson's shorter prose written between 1960 and 1973
  • You Always Remember the First Time (1975)

Selected filmography[edit]

  • You're Human Like the Rest of Them (1967)
  • The Unfortunates (1969)
  • The Smithsons on Housing (1970)[18]
  • Paradigm (1969)
  • B. S. Johnson on Dr. Samuel Johnson (1971)
  • Unfair! (1970)
  • Fat Man On A Beach (1973)

Biography[edit]

  • Jonathan Coe. (2004) Like A Fiery Elephant: The Story of B.S. Johnson. Picador

Academic studies[edit]

  • Philip Tew (2001), B. S. Johnson: A Critical Reading. Manchester University Press, ISBN 978-0719056260
  • Krystyna Stamirowska (2006), B. S. Johnson's Novels: A Paradigm of Truth. Kraków: Universitas, ISBN 8324207457
  • Philip Tew and Glyn White (2007), Re-reading B. S. Johnson. Palgrave Macmillan, ISBN 978-0230524927
  • Vanessa Guignery (2009), Ceci n’est pas une fiction. Les romans vrais de B.S. Johnson. Presses de l’Université Paris-Sorbonne, ISBN 978-2840506430
  • Nicolas Tredell (2010), Fighting Fictions: The Novels of B. S. Johnson. Paupers' Press, ISBN 978-0946650996
  • Vanessa Guignery, ed. (2015), The B.S. Johnson / Zulfikar Ghose Correspondence. Cambridge Scholars Publishing, ISBN 978-1443872669
  • Sebastian Groes (2016), "English Anti-Novels", in: British Fictions of the Sixties. New York and London: Bloomsbury, ISBN 978-0826495570

References[edit]

  1. ^ ODNB.
  2. ^ https://www.oxforddnb.com/view/10.1093/ref:odnb/9780198614128.001.0001/odnb-9780198614128-e-55657
  3. ^ Re-reading B. S. Johnson, G. White, Palgrave Macmillan, 2007, p. 14
  4. ^ https://www.ndbooks.com/author/b.-s.-johnson
  5. ^ a b The Free Library. Retrieved 1 February 2020.
  6. ^ Re-reading B. S. Johnson, G. White, Palgrave Macmillan, 2007, p. 14
  7. ^ Well Done God! Selected Prose and Drama of B. S. Johnson, ed. Jonathan Coe, Philip Tew, Julia Jordan, Picador, 2013, "The Happiest Days?", B. S. Johnson, published (abridged) in Education and Training, March 1973
  8. ^ The usual degree grades in British universities are 1st, 2:1, 2:2, 3rd, pass, fail.
  9. ^ Coe, Jonathan (2005). Like a Fiery Elephant: The Story of B. S. Johnson. Pan Macmillan. p. 257. ISBN 978-0-330-35049-5.
  10. ^ Sir Vidia's Shadow.
  11. ^ Coe, Jonathan (2004). Like a Fiery Elephant: The Story of B. S. Johnson. London: Picador. p. 480. ISBN 033035048X.
  12. ^ "Reviews of "Christie Malry's Own Double Entry"". Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2007-04-20.
  13. ^ a b "About | The B. S. Johnson Society". Retrieved 2019-03-01.
  14. ^ Citation required
  15. ^ See List of fiction set in Nottingham for books by others set there around that time.
  16. ^ "Los Campesinos!". Myspace.
  17. ^ B. S. Johnson Archive, archives and manuscripts catalogue, the British Library. Retrieved 12 May 2020.
  18. ^ Sukhdev Sandhu "You're Human Like The Rest Of Them – the NFT's celebration of BS Johnson", telegraph.co.uk, 16 June 2009

External links[edit]