BAE Guayas (BE-21)
BAE Guayas at Mar del Plata, February 2010
|Owner:||Armada del Ecuador|
|Builder:||Astilleros Celaya S.A., Bilbao, Spain|
|Launched:||September 23, 1976|
|Completed:||July 23, 1977|
|Commissioned:||July 23, 1977|
|Status:||in active service, as of 2015[update]|
|Beam:||10.16 m (33 ft 4 in)|
|Draught:||4.40 m (14 ft 5 in)|
|Depth:||6.60 m (21 ft 8 in)|
|Propulsion:||General Motors diesel, 700 hp (520 kW)|
|Sail plan:||1,410 m2 (15,200 sq ft)|
|Crew:||35 officers and 120 crew|
The Guayas is a sail training ship of the Ecuadorian Navy. Launched in 1976 it was named in jointly in honor of Chief Guayas, the Guayas river, and Guayas, the first steamship that was constructed in South America in 1841 and is displayed on the Ecuadorian coat of arms. The ship's home base is Guayaquil, Ecuador.
The Guayas is a three-masted barque with a steel hull that can display a sailing area of 1,410 square metres (15,200 sq ft). The main mast reaches 38 metres (124 ft 8 in) over deck. The ship carries a crew of about 120 sailors as well as eighty cadets under the leadership of about 35 officers. The Guayas is one of four sailing ships that were built by Astilleros Celaya S.A. in Bilbao, the Gloria (Colombia) being the most similar ship,- the other two sister ships are the Simón Bolívar (Venezuela), and the Cuauhtémoc (Mexico). These four ships present a basic design that is very similar to Blohm & Voss' Gorch Fock that was built more than four decades earlier.
In 2010 she participated in Velas Sudamerica 2010, an historical Latin American tour by eleven tall ships to celebrate the bicentennial of the first national governments of Argentina and Chile.
The "Guayas" has also participated in OpSail 2012, visiting New York, Norfolk, Baltimore, and Boston, before proceeding to Europe.
The most recent participation was in the Tall Ships' Race 2012. In 2002 the Guayas undertook a voyage along the West coast of North America with port of calls at Acapulco, San Diego, Los Angeles, San Francisco, and Seattle. In 2008 the Guayas crossed the Pacific ocean to visit Vladivostok, Japan, Korea, and China. On the Osaka-Pusan-Shanghai leg of this her first Asian trip the Guayas took aboard an officer of the Chinese navy for reefing training. Over her lifetime, by the end of 2008 the Guayas had visited 60 harbours in 25 countries and covered about 340,000 nautical miles (630,000 km).
It is classified as a Class A Tall Ship by the International Sail Training Association and has the MMSI number 735059037.
- "Guayas (6126970)". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved March 26, 2009. (subscription required (. ))
- Chapman Great Sailing Ships of the World
- Europäisches Segel-Informationssystem. "GORCH FOCK (I) und ihre Schwestern - Eine Gegenüberstellung". Archived from the original on 12 February 2009. Retrieved March 23, 2009.
- "Velas Sudamerica 2010".
- Listings of Tall Ships' Races
- Seattle Post (July 19, 2002). "Tall ship from Ecuador sails into Seattle". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved March March 28, 2009. Check date values in:
- China Military Online (March 16, 2009). "Bian Yunlv—No.1 warrior on Ecuadorian warship". Retrieved March 28, 2009.
- EFE (November 11, 2008). "El buque escuela "Guayas" de la armada ecuatoriana llegará a Panamá la próxima semana" (in Spanish). Retrieved March 22, 2009.
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