BAIC Group

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Beijing Automotive Industry Holding Co. Ltd.
Native name
TypeState-owned enterprise
Founded1958; 65 years ago (1958)[1]
Headquarters99 Shuanghe Ave., Shunyi District, ,
Area served
Key people
Xu Heyi (Chairman)
ProductsCommercial and passenger vehicles
OwnerBeijing Municipal Government
BAIC Motor(44.98%)
Beijing Benz(51%)
Beijing Hyundai(50%)
Beiqi Foton Motor
Beijing Foton Automotive(50%)
Jiangxi Changhe(70%)
BAIC Group
Simplified Chinese北京汽车工业控股有限责任公司
Traditional Chinese北京汽車工業控股有限責任公司
Literal meaningBeijing Automotive Industry Holding Co Ltd

Beijing Automotive Group Co., Ltd. (BAIC) is a Chinese state-owned automobile manufacturer headquartered in Shunyi, Beijing. Founded in 1958,[2] it is the sixth largest automobile manufacturer in China, with 1.723 million sales in 2021.

The company produces and sells vehicles under its own branding, such as Arcfox, Beijing, Changhe, Foton Motor, Ruili Doda, as well as under foreign-branded joint ventures such as Beijing-Benz and Beijing-Hyundai. It also produces electric vehicles under some of the previously listed brandings, including dedicated EV brands such as Arcfox. Its principal subsidiaries include the passenger car maker BAIC Motor (44.98% share); military vehicle and light truck maker BAW; and truck, bus, and agricultural equipment maker, Foton Motor.[3] A large proportion of sales BAIC's sales is in agricultural, commercial, and military vehicles.


BAIC was originally founded in 1958[4] as Beijing Automobile Works (BAW), which found success producing the Dongfanghong BJ760, a vehicle based on the Soviet GAZ-21.[5]

BAIC was one of the top ten most-productive Chinese automakers in 2010. This may be due to subsidiary Beijing Automobile Works and a sustained surge of popularity for Beijing Hyundai products.[6] It reached fifth place by selling nearly 1.5 millions units garnering a market share of more than 8%.[7] 2011 production of 1.5 million whole vehicles made BAIC the fifth largest vehicle-maker in China that year in terms of units manufactured.[8] BAIC remained fifth in 2012, which saw the company make 1.7 million whole vehicles; 30% of production was commercial or heavy-duty products.[9]

Saab technology transfer[edit]

After several unsuccessful attempts to buy struggling European automakers in 2009, such as Saab, Volvo, and Opel as well as technology from the American Chrysler, BAIC fulfilled its aim of obtaining valuable Western technology that same year purchasing technology from a former unit of General Motors, Saab Automobile.[10] This allows it to produce older Saab models (but not brand them as Saabs[citation needed]) for sale in China.[11]

The intellectual property bought by BAIC includes the rights to three overall vehicle platforms, Saab 9-3 and Saab 9-5 technologies, two engine technologies, and two transmission systems.[12]

Cars with Saab technology were expected to go on sale in 2012[13] but didn't debut until May 2013.[14] The first Saab-based model on sale is the C70 or 绅宝 (Shenbao), which may be translated as "gentleman's treasure".[15]


BAIC has a wide product line that includes more than the buses that are its traditional manufacture.[16] Offerings encompass many kinds of commercial vehicles, including: agricultural machinery, construction machinery, light trucks, and military vehicles, etc.[17] As of 2010, commercial vehicle production capacity is estimated to be around 700,000 units per year.[1] Production capacity figures may consider engines and vehicles as discrete.

The company sells self-branded consumer products in addition to joint-venture developed vehicles under the brands of foreign manufacturers Hyundai Motor Company and the Mercedes-Benz Group. BAIC-branded military and civilian light trucks have also been produced.[18]


Arcfox (极狐) is BAIC's premium EV brand, established in 2017.

BEIJING (北京汽车)[edit]

BEIJING (北京汽车) is BAIC's major brand, revived in 2020 after BAIC Group discontinued its Senova brand. All the former Senova vehicles were renamed to BEIJING brand since then. [19]

Current Models[edit]

Beijing Off-road Vehicles (北京越野)[edit]

Beijing Off-road Vehicles (北京越野) used to be a department under BAIC Group. In January 2020, BAIC announced the independence of Beijing Off-road brand. [20] The Beijing Off-road was independently operated, including development and sales channel, but shares the marque "BEIJING" with BEIJING (北京汽车) brand together.

Current Models[edit]


Current models[edit]


Beiqi Foton Motor Co., Ltd. (Foton Motor) is a subsidiary of BAIC which designs and manufactures trucks, buses, sport utility vehicles, and agricultural machinery. It is headquartered in Changping, Beijing.[21]

Current Models[edit]


Ruili is a sub-division of BAIC. They produce their vehicles under the Doda brand.[22]

Current Models[edit]

Former brands[edit]


Beijing Automobile Works Co., Ltd. (BAW) (北汽制造), which produces light off-road vehicles, trucks, and military vehicles, used to be a subsidiary of BAIC Group but was sold to private sector since 2015.[23][24]



The Beijing Light Automobile Company (BLAC), until 1988 the Beijing Automobile Factory No. 2, started in the late 1960s when production of the independently developed BJ130 began. Its introduction was slowed considerably by the upheavals of the Cultural revolution.[25] In 1984, assembly of the Isuzu Elf/NHR began (originally as the BJ136, later as the BJ1030/1040/1050 series). In 1988, a new plant for these trucks was built with aid from the Japanese, and petrol and diesel light truck engines were also produced.[26] BLAC went bankrupt in 2002.[25]

Joint ventures[edit]

Like many other peers, BAIC has several joint ventures with foreign automakers—including two with Daimler AG.[27]

Current joint ventures[edit]

Beijing Hyundai[edit]

Beijing Hyundai Motor Co., Ltd. is an automobile manufacturing company headquartered in Beijing, China, and is a 50:50 joint-venture between BAIC and Hyundai Motor Company. Established in 2002, it manufactures in Shunyi District, a satellite city of Beijing, producing Hyundai-branded automobiles for the Chinese market.[28] New models designed for the Chinese market are due to appear.[29]

Beijing Benz[edit]

As of 2010, Beijing Benz, a BAIC joint venture with German automaker Daimler AG, makes the Mercedes-Benz C-Class and E-Class models for sale in China and seeks to make more of the models it sells in China locally.[27]

Beijing Foton Daimler[edit]

Beijing Foton Daimler Automobile Co., Ltd. is a joint venture between Daimler and a BAIC subsidiary, Foton Motor, which makes commercial trucks.[30]


Huansu is a brand under Beiqi Yinxiang Automobile, a joint venture between Beijing Auto (Beiqi) and the Yinxiang Group from Chongqing.


Weiwang is a brand under Beiqi Yinxiang Automobile, a joint venture between Beijing Auto (Beiqi) and the Yinxiang Group from Chongqing.

Former joint ventures[edit]

Beijing Jeep[edit]

Beijing Jeep Corporation became China's first Sino-western automotive joint venture when it was established in 1984 with American Motors Corporation. Beijing Jeep subsequently became Beijing Benz-DaimlerChrysler Automotive Co Ltd and then Beijing Benz Automotive Co Ltd.


BAIC group sales by brand[31][32][33][34]
Year Total BEIJING[35] BEIJING Off-road Arcfox Foton
2010 682,895 - - - 682,895
2011 664,812 24,415 - - 640,397
2012 683,991 77,561 - - 606,430
2013 866,994 202,280 - - 664,714
2014 864,783 309,648 - - 555,135
2015 827,170 337,102 - - 490,070
2016 988,109 457,082 - - 531,109
2017 837,129 235,841 - 472 600,816
2018 701,754 156,159 - 588 545,007
2019 743,614 166,992 36,018 599 540,005
2020 790,241 81,792 27,562 721 680,166
2021 760,476 72,434 32,015 6,009 650,018
2022 570,681 71,897 25,689 12,969 460,126


  1. ^ a b Beiqi to invest 10b yuan in own brand, 2010-11-17
  2. ^ "Into the Biac".
  3. ^ For State ownership, see BAIHC Homepage > About Beiqi > BAIHC Information Archived 2010-06-10 at the Wayback Machine Beijing Automotive Industry Holding Co., Ltd. Official Site.
  4. ^ "Into The Biac". 北汽集团. Retrieved 2021-08-30.
  5. ^ "The Beijing Auto Works Dongfanghong BJ760 Is A Beautiful Chinese-Russian Sedan | ChinaCarHistory". 2017-09-29. Retrieved 2021-08-30.
  6. ^
  7. ^ China Car Market 101: Who Makes All Those 18 Million Cars?, January 19, 2011
  8. ^ 2011年前十家乘用车生产企业销量排名. China Association of Automobile Manufacturers (CAAM). 2012-01-20. Archived from the original on 2012-08-20.
  9. ^ "2012年12月分车型前十家生产企业销量排名". China Association of Automobile Manufacturers (CAAM). 14 January 2013. Archived from the original on 15 January 2013. Retrieved January 15, 2013.
  10. ^ For attempt to purchase Saab Automobile, see "Koenigsegg — press release". Cision Wire. Archived from the original on 2009-12-21. Retrieved 2009-09-09.
  11. ^ What BAIC plans to build on its Saab treasures, 19 October 2010
  12. ^ BAIC paid $197 mln for Saab assets - paper, Mon Dec 14, 2009 4:41pm EST
  13. ^ "Big hurdle for a small brand --- Beijing Auto attempts to grow out of its niche with Saab-based models and new factories." Norihiko Shirouzu. The Wall Street Journal Asia. Hong Kong: 13 Oct 2010. pg. 19
  14. ^ "CHINA: BAIC's Senova D series sedan goes on sale". just - auto global news. Bromsgrove.14 May 2013.
  15. ^ "BAIC C70 to become the 'Gentlemens Treasure' in Chinese". China Car Times. 8 May 2012. Archived from the original on 14 May 2012.
  16. ^ For wide product line, see BAIHC Homepage > About Beiqi > BAIHC Information Archived 2010-06-10 at the Wayback Machine Beijing Automotive Industry Holding Co., Ltd. Official Site
  17. ^ *For agricultural machinery, see Beijing Automotive Import & Export Corporation Archived 2021-11-28 at the Wayback Machine
  18. ^ "Hummer-Inspired Chinese Trucks (3): BAIC Yongshi".
  19. ^ "绅宝品牌将退出市场 启用全新标识_汽车_中国网". Retrieved 2023-09-05.
  20. ^ "北京越野宣布独立 全新阵容打造中国越野第一品牌-手机新浪汽车". Retrieved 2023-09-05.
  21. ^ "RUILI ELECTRIC VEHICLES". 7 August 2018.
  22. ^ "RUILI ELECTRIC VEHICLES". 7 August 2018.
  23. ^ "成立超70年!这家汽车公司被收购-面包板社区". Retrieved 2023-04-15.
  24. ^ "陆付军:北汽制造的新使命 | 高端访谈". Retrieved 2023-04-15.
  25. ^ a b "浴火重生BJ130综述稿" [A brief History of the BJ130]. Made in China (in Chinese). NetEase Inc. 17 August 2009. Retrieved 2011-03-31.
  26. ^ "Beijing LAC Китай" [Beijing LAC (China)]. Книги и Каталоги (Books and Catalogues) (in Russian). За рулем. Archived from the original on 2011-08-19.
  27. ^ a b Daimler aims to nearly triple China sales by 2015, Fri Oct 22, 2010 8:12am EDT
  28. ^ For Hyundai as partner, see UPDATE 1-Hyundai Motor signs deal with Chinese carmaker, Thu Oct 21, 2010 7:36pm EDT
  30. ^ For legal name, see The entire Beijing Automotive Group overcomes difficulties—makes great endeavor to the quicker development Archived 2011-07-07 at the Wayback Machine BAIC Official Site, 2009-07-20
  31. ^ "HOME | Automotive Industry Portal MarkLines | Portal". Retrieved 2022-12-02.
  32. ^ "投资者关系 - 北汽蓝谷". Retrieved 2023-09-05.
  33. ^ "BAIC Motor Corporation., Ltd". Retrieved 2023-09-05.
  34. ^ "北京越野销量查询,北京越野销量排名,北京越野历史销量查询 - 车主之家". Retrieved 2023-09-05.
  35. ^ Including Beijing(Senova), Beijing Off-road (until 2019), BAW (until 2015), Changhe/Weiwang (until 2019) Brands

External links[edit]