BAP Puno (ABH-306)
|Builder:||Thames Ironworks and Shipbuilding Company|
|Commissioned:||May 18, 1872|
|Renamed:||BAP Puno since 1976|
|Class & type:||Yavarí class gunboat|
|Length:||100 ft (30 m)|
|Speed:||10 knots (19 km/h)|
|Notes:||Capacity for 180 tonnes of cargo|
The Peruvian government ordered Yapura and her sister ship Yavari in 1861. In 1862 Thames Ironworks on the River Thames built the iron-hulled Yavari and Yapura under contract to the James Watt Foundry of Birmingham. The ships were designed as combined cargo, passenger and gunboats for the Peruvian Navy. Puno has her original 60 horsepower (45 kW) two-cylinder steam engine, which is fuelled with dried llama dung.
The ships were built in "knock down" form; that is, they were assembled with bolts and nuts at the shipyard, dismantled into thousands of parts small enough to transport, and shipped to their final destination to be assembled with rivets and launched on the lake. The kits for the two ships consisted of a total 2,766 pieces between them. Each piece was no more than what a mule could carry, because the railway from the Pacific Ocean port of Arica went only 40 miles (64 km), as far as Tacna. From there pack mules had to carry them the remaining 220 miles (350 km) to Puno on the lake.
The War of the Pacific of 1879–83 impoverished the Peruvian government, so in 1890 UK investors established the Peruvian Corporation which took over operation of Peru's railways and lake ships. In 1975 Peru nationalised the corporation and Yavari and Yapura passed to the state railway company ENAFER. In 1976 they were transferred back the Peruvian Navy, who converted Yapura into a hospital ship and renamed her BAP Puno.
- "Condecoran al BAP Puno por seguir prestando servicio". El Comercio. Empresa Editora El Comercio S.A. 2007-11-11. Retrieved 2011-05-20.
- "History of The Ship". Yavari - Lake Titicaca - Peru. The Yavari Project. Retrieved 2011-05-20.