BARD Offshore 1
|BARD Offshore 1|
Location of BARD Offshore 1 in North Sea
|Construction began||March 2010|
|Commission date||26 August 2013|
|Distance from shore||90 km (56 mi)|
|Hub height||90 m (295 ft)|
|Rotor diameter||122 m (400 ft)|
|Units operational||80 x 5 MW|
|Make and model||BARD 5.0|
|Nameplate capacity||400 MW|
BARD Offshore 1 is a 400 megawatt (MW) North Sea offshore wind farm with 80 BARD 5.0 turbines. Construction was finished in July 2013 and the wind farm was officially inaugurated in August 2013. The wind farm is located 100 kilometres (62 mi) northwest of the isle Borkum in 40 metres (130 ft) deep water.
Laying of cables to connect the wind farm started on 23 July 2009. The 200 km connection is the longest of its kind in the world. It is also the first connection of an offshore wind park realized as HVDC-transmission. Construction of the wind turbines began in March 2010. The first turbine became operational at the beginning of December 2010. Construction was assisted by the purpose-built Wind Lift 1 barge / platform, which placed the 470 ton, 21 meter foundations on the sea bed.
The project has run into serious and unclear problems, including being three years behind schedule and, at a cost of €3 billion, run significantly over budget. A diver and a worker died during construction. The farm was supposed to go online in August 2013, but a series of setbacks, including a fire at a transmission station in March 2014, have delayed its activation. BARD went bankrupt in November 2013. Problems include overvoltage and harmonics between BARD and the BorWin 1 grid link and BorWin Alpha HVDC converter platform.
BARD's original owner had decided to make all components within the company, and troubles from the custom transformer are unrelated to standard equipment used elsewhere.
In September 2015, StatKraft and Ocean Breeze extended their contract for two years.
By May 2016, the company website stated that the wind farm had produced 3 TWh, and was running stable at full capacity.
- Press release: Pioneering wind farm project BARD Offshore 1 successfully completed on the high seas
- German Federal Minister Inaugurates BARD Offshore 1
- 5-MW BARD Near-shore Wind Turbine Erected in Germany
- DDP: Laying cables to wind farm started (in German)
- Wind farm in the ocean ready to go (in German)
- "Tauchunfall im Windpark" Diving accident in the wind farm Die Welt, 27 July 2010. Accessed: 25 February 2015.
- Pressemitteilung der BARD-Gruppe vom 27. Januar 2012 (PDF; 117 kB)
- Mitteilung der DGzRS, abgerufen am 4. Februar 2012
- Germany's Expensive Gamble on Renewable Energy by Matthew Karnitschnig, Wall Street Journal, August 26, 2014.
- "Bard is bankrupt". renewablesinternational.net.
- "Rätselhafter Defekt legt größten Windpark lahm" Enigmatic defect paralyzes largest wind farm Die Welt, 3 September 2014. Accessed: 25 February 2015.
- Knight, Sara (29 May 2015). "Politics block German offshore wind link". windpowermonthly.com. Archived from the original on 6 September 2015.
- "Größter deutscher Meereswindpark fällt aus" The largest German offshore wind park falls out Die Welt, 7 July 2014. Accessed: 25 February 2015.
- "Im größten Meereswindpark dreht sich wenig" In the largest offshore wind park little turns Die Welt, 26 January 2015. Accessed: 25 February 2015.
- "Statkraft vermarktet Strom aus Bard Offshore 1 für weitere zwei Jahre". windmesse.de.
- Technical information
- Official Site
- BARD Offshore I Wind Farm, North Sea, Germany
- LORC Knowledge - Datasheet for BARD Offshore 1
- BARD Offshore 1 on 4c
- Cable details
- Current position and photos of Wind Lift 1
- Bird density
- Media articles