Balloon Array for Radiation-belt Relativistic Electron Losses (BARREL) is a NASA mission operated out of Dartmouth College that works with the Van Allen Probes mission (formerly known as the Radiation Belt Storm Probes mission). The BARREL project launched a series of high-altitude balloons during four science campaigns: January–February 2013 in Antarctica, December 2013-February 2014 in Antarctica, August 2015 in Sweden, and August 2016 in Sweden. Unlike the football-field-sized balloons typically launched at the Poles, these are each just 27 meters (90 ft) in diameter.
BARREL helped study the Van Allen radiation belts and why they wax and wane over time. Each BARREL balloon carries instruments to measure particles ejected from the belts which make it down to Earth's atmosphere. By comparing such data to that of the Van Allen Probes, which orbit with the belts themselves, the two missions may be able to correlate observations in the radiation belts with the number of particles ejected. This will help distinguish between various theories as to what causes electron loss in the belts.
The principal investigator is Robyn Millan at Dartmouth College. Co-investigator institutions are the University of Washington, U. C. Berkeley, and U. C. Santa Cruz. BARREL is part of NASA's Living With a Star program. Support for the Antarctica balloon campaigns is provided by the National Science Foundation, British Antarctic Survey, and the South African National Antarctic Programme.
- "Van Allen Probes: NASA Renames Radiation Belt Mission to Honor Pioneering Scientist". Reuters. Science Daily. 11 November 2012. Retrieved 12 November 2012.
- Karen C. Fox. "Launching Balloons in Antarctica". NASA.
- "Living With A Star Program: Missions". NASA.
- "Balloon Array for RBSP Relativistic Electron Losses". Dartmouth Balloon Program.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to BARREL.|