|Organized as a privately held company, with the provincial Crown as sole shareholder|
|Founded||Victoria, British Columbia (June 15, 1960)|
|Headquarters||Victoria, British Columbia, Canada|
|John A. Horning, Chair|
Mark Collins, President & CEO
|Revenue||C$925.6 million (2019)|
|C$104.9 million (2019)|
|C$52.2 million (2019)|
|Owner||BC Ferry Authority (Government of British Columbia)|
Number of employees
British Columbia Ferry Services Inc., operating as BC Ferries (BCF), is a former provincial Crown corporation, now operating as an independently managed, publicly owned Canadian company. BC Ferries provides all major passenger and vehicle ferry services for coastal and island communities in the Canadian province of British Columbia. Set up in 1960 to provide a similar service to that provided by the Black Ball Line and the Canadian Pacific Railway, which were affected by job action at the time, BC Ferries has become the largest passenger ferry line in North America and the second largest in the world, operating a fleet of 36 vessels with a total passenger and crew capacity of over 27,000, serving 47 locations on the B.C. coast.
As BC Ferries provides an essential link from mainland British Columbia to the various islands, and parts of the mainland without road access, on its routes, it is subsidized by the Government of British Columbia ($151 million in the 2011 fiscal year) and the Government of Canada ($27 million in the 2011 fiscal year). The inland ferries operating on British Columbia's rivers and lakes are not run by BC Ferries. The responsibility for their provision rests with the British Columbia Ministry of Transportation, which contracts operation to various private sector companies.
In the summer of 1958, a strike by employees of CP Steamships and the Black Ball Line caused the Social Credit government of W. A. C. Bennett to decide that the coastal ferry service in B.C. needed to be government-owned, and so it set about creating BC Ferries. Minister of Highways Phil Gaglardi was tasked with overseeing the new Crown corporation and its rapid expansion.
BC Ferries' first route, commissioned in 1960, was between Swartz Bay, north of Sidney on Vancouver Island, and Tsawwassen, a part of Delta, using just two vessels. These ships were the now-retired MV Tsawwassen and the MV Sidney. The next few years saw a dramatic growth of the B.C. ferry system as it took over operations of the Black Ball Line and other major private companies providing vehicle ferry service between Vancouver Island and the Lower Mainland. As the ferry system expanded and started to service other small coastal communities, BC Ferries had to build more vessels, many of them in the first five years of its operations, to keep up with the demand. Another method of satisfying increasing demand for service was BC Ferries' unique "stretch and lift" program, involving seven vessels being cut in half and extended, and five of those vessels later cut in half again and elevated, to increase their passenger and vehicle-carrying capacities. The vast majority of the vessels in the fleet were built in B.C. waters, with only two foreign purchases and one domestic purchase. In the mid-1980s, BC Ferries took over the operations of the saltwater branch of the B.C. Ministry of Transportation and Highways, which ran ferry services to very small coastal communities. This action dramatically increased the size of BC Ferries' fleet and its geographical service area. The distinctive "dogwood on green" flag that BC Ferries used between 1960 and 2003 gave the service its popular nickname "the Dogwood Fleet".
At its inception, BC Ferries was a division of the British Columbia Toll Highways and Bridges Authority, a provincial Crown corporation. Through successive reorganizations, it evolved into the British Columbia Ferry Authority and then the British Columbia Ferry Corporation, both of which were also provincial Crown corporations. In 2003, the Government of British Columbia announced that BC Ferries, which had been in debt, would be reorganized into a private corporation, implemented through the passage of the Coastal Ferry Act (Bill 18-2003). The single voting share of BC Ferries Corporation is held by the provincial government's BC Ferry Authority, which operates under the rules of the Act.
During the 1990s, the NDP government commissioned a series of three fast ferries to improve ferry service between the Mainland and Vancouver Island. The ships proved problematic when they suffered many technical issues and cost double what was expected. The fast ferries were eventually sold off for $19.4 million in 2003.
A controversy began in July 2004 when BC Ferries, under a new American CEO, announced that the company had disqualified all Canadian bids to build three new Coastal class ships, and only the proposals from European shipyards were being considered. The contract was estimated at $542 million for the three ships, each designed to carry 370 vehicles and 1600 passengers.
The argument for domestic construction of the ferries was that it would employ numerous British Columbia workers, revitalize the sagging B.C. shipbuilding industry, and entitle the provincial government to a large portion of the cost in the form of taxes. BC Ferries CEO David Hahn claimed that building the ferries in Germany would "save almost $80 million and could lead to lower fares."
On September 17, 2004, BC Ferries awarded the vessel construction contract to Germany's Flensburger shipyard. The contract protected BC Ferries from any delays through a fixed price and fixed schedule contract. Coastal Renaissance entered service in March 2008, while Coastal Inspiration was delivered the same month and entered service in June. The third ship, Coastal Celebration, has been delivered and is now in service as well.
On August 18, 2006, BC Ferries commissioned Flensburger to build a new vessel for its Inside Passage route, with the contract having many of the same types of terms as that for the Coastal Class vessels. The new northern service vessel, Northern Expedition, has been delivered.
In fiscal year 2011, BC Ferries reported a loss of $16.5 million due to declining ridership, with vehicle traffic dropping 3.5% and passenger traffic dropping 2.8%. Increased fares were to blame for the drop in ridership, and warnings came that there would likely be cutbacks in the service on a number of its routes in order to reduce costs.
On August 26, 2012, BC Ferries announced that it would be cutting 98 round trips on its major routes starting in the fall and winter of 2012 as part of a four-year plan to save $1 million on these routes. Service cuts have included the elimination of supplementary sailings on the Swartz Bay–Tsawwassen route, 18 round trips on the Horseshoe Bay–Departure Bay route, and 48 round trips, the largest number of cuts, on the Duke Point–Tsawwassen route, with plans to look for savings on the smaller unprofitable routes in the future.
On November 20, 2012, BC Ferry Services was listed as the 90th most profitable company in BC, with a net income of $3,781,000 in 2011 and $3,422,000 in 2010.
A year later, on November 20, 2013, the government of British Columbia announced plans to eliminate a program that gave free ferry trips to seniors, make major cuts to service on smaller, more remote routes, and undertake a pilot project that would introduce slot machines on ships serving the Tsawwassen-Swartz Bay route.
In the fall of 2014, BC Ferries announced the addition of three new Intermediate-class ferries to phase out Queen of Burnaby and Queen of Nanaimo. These three vessels were to be named the Salish Class; Salish Orca, Salish Eagle and Salish Raven. They were designed and built by Remontowa Shipbuilding S.A. in Gdansk, Poland, and are dual-fuel, capable of operating on liquefied natural gas and marine diesel. These vessels are a part of BC Ferries standardized fleet plan, which will take the number of ship class in the BC Ferries fleet from 17 to 5. BC Ferries has stated that total standardization of the BC Ferries fleet will not be complete for another 40 years.
- Route 5 – Swanson Channel: Swartz Bay to the Southern Gulf Islands (Galiano, Mayne, Pender, and Saturna Islands)
- Route 9 – Active Pass Shuttle: Tsawwassen to the Southern Gulf Islands (Galiano, Mayne, Pender and Saltspring Islands)
- Route 10 – Inside Passage: Port Hardy to Prince Rupert (with stops at Bella Bella and Klemtu)
- Route 10 Supplemental: servicing Bella Bella, Shearwater, Ocean Falls and Bella Coola (as of mid-2014)
- Route 13 – Thornbrough Channel: Langdale to Gambier Island (via New Brighton) and Keats Island (via Keats Landing and Eastbourne). (Foot passengers only, no vehicles). (Operated by Kona Winds Yacht Charters Ltd.)
- Route 25 – Broughton Strait: Port McNeill to Alert Bay (on Cormorant Island) and Sointula (on Malcolm Island)
- Route 55 – Georgia Strait North-Central: French Creek to Lasqueti Island (via False Bay). (Foot passengers only, no vehicles) (Operated by Western Pacific Marine).
- Unnumbered Route – Inside Passage: Prince Rupert to Port Simpson (also known as Lax Kw'alaams). (Operated by the Lax Kw'alaams First Nation community).
Numbers in blue circles are ferry route numbers. Provincial highway trailblazers are added where appropriate.
BC Ferries has the largest fleet of vehicle ferry vessels in the world. There are 36 vessels, ranging from small 16-car ferries up to 470-car superferries. All of the vessels in use by BC Ferries are roll-on, roll-off car ferries. Most of the major vessels are based on similar designs, which are aggregated into classes of ferries:
|Auto capacity||Passenger capacity||Notes||Route(s)||Photo|
|MV Island Aurora||Island||2017-2019||47||300||Hybrid diesel-electric; In service||25|
|MV Island Discovery||Island||2017-2019||47||300||Hybrid diesel-electric; In service||18|
|MV Spirit of British Columbia||Spirit||1993 (2017 - 2018)||358||2100||*Convert to marine diesel and LNG in 2017 to 2018.||1|
|MV Spirit of Vancouver Island||Spirit||1994 (2018 - 2019)||358||2100||*Convert to marine diesel and LNG in 2018||1|
|MV Coastal Renaissance||Coastal||2007||310||1650||World's largest double-ended ferries, Made in Germany||1 & 2|
|MV Coastal Inspiration||Coastal||2007||310||1650||World's largest double-ended ferries, Made in Germany||30|
|MV Coastal Celebration||Coastal||2007||310||1650||World's largest double-ended ferries, Made in Germany||1|
|MV Queen of Coquitlam||C||1976 (2003)||316||1470||2 & 3|
|MV Queen of Cowichan||C||1976 (2004)||312||1494||Photo||2 & 3|
|MV Queen of Alberni||C||1976 (1984/ 2007)||280||1200||Upper car deck added in 1984||30|
|MV Queen of Oak Bay||C||1981 (2005)||308||1466||2|
|MV Queen of Surrey||C||1981 (2006)||308||1466||2 & 3|
|MV Queen of New Westminster||None||1964 (1973/ 1991/ 2009)||254||1332||Originally a V-class ferry when built||1|
|MV Salish Orca||Salish||2016||138||600||entered service May 16, 2017||17|
|MV Salish Eagle||Salish||2016||138||600||entered service summer 2017||9|
|MV Salish Raven||Salish||2016||138||600||entered service on July 27, 2017||9|
|MV Northern Expedition||None||2009||115||600||10, 10 Supplemental, 11, 26, & 28|
|MV Northern Adventure||None||2004||87||600||Purchased in late-2006 to replace the sunken Queen of the North||10, 10 Supplemental, 11, 26, & 28|
|MV Queen of Capilano||I||1991 (2015)||100||462||Auto Capacity increased from 85 in 2015.||8|
|MV Queen of Cumberland||I||1992 (2016)||112||462||5|
|MV Malaspina Sky||I||2008||112||450||7 & 17|
|MV Skeena Queen||Century||1997||92||600||4|
|MV Powell River Queen||Powell River||1965 (1979)||59||408||Stretched in 1979 to increase capacity||23|
|MV Mayne Queen||Powell River||1965 (1979)||58||400||Stretched in 1979 to increase capacity||9|
|MV Bowen Queen||Powell River||1965 (1979)||61||400||Stretched in 1979 to increase capacity||9|
|MV Quinitsa||None||1977 (2008)||44||394||Transferred to BC Ferries in 1985||6|
|MV Baynes Sound Connector||None||2015||45||150||First and only cable ferry owned by BC Ferries.||21|
|MV Quinsam||Q||1982 (2010)||63||400||Transferred to BC Ferries in 1985||19|
|MV Quadra Queen II||T||1969 (2010)||26||293||Transferred to BC Ferries in 1985||Relief Vessel|
|MV Tachek||T||1969 (2011)||26||243||Transferred to BC Ferries in 1985||24|
|MV Klitsa||K||1972||19||195||Transferred to BC Ferries in 1985||12|
|MV Kahloke||K||1973||21||200||Transferred to BC Ferries in 1985||22|
|MV Kwuna||K||1975||16||154||Transferred to BC Ferries in 1985||26|
|MV Kuper||K||1985 (2006)||26||269||Purchased in 2006||20|
|MV Nicola (also known as Spirit of Lax Kw' alaams)||N||1960||16||133||Transferred to BC Ferries in 1985
Owned by but not operated by BC Ferries
|Unnumbered Route (Operated by the Lax Kw'alaams First Nation community).|
|MV Nimpkish||N||1973||12||125||Transferred to BC Ferries in 1985||28|
|MV Northern Sea Wolf||None||2000||35||150||Purchased in 2017||28|
|MV Stormaway III||None||n/k||0||40||Owned and operated by Kona Winds Yacht Charters Limited, under the sponsorship of and out of the Langdale terminal of BC Ferries.||13 (Operated by Kona Winds Yacht Charters Ltd).
|MV Stormaway IV||None||n/k||0||40||Owned and operated by Kona Winds Yacht Charters Limited, under the sponsorship of and out of the Langdale terminal of BC Ferries.||13 (Operated by Kona Winds Yacht Charters Ltd).|
|MV Centurion VII||None||n/k||0||60||Owned and operated by Western Pacific Marine, under the sponsorship of BC Ferries, and out of Western Pacific Marine's French Creek Terminal.||55 (Operated by Pacific Western Marine).|
Accidents and incidents
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The following is a summary of some of the incidents that have occurred involving BC Ferries vessels.
Queen of Victoria
On August 2, 1970, the Soviet freighter Sergey Yesenin collided with Queen of Victoria in Active Pass, slicing through the middle of the ferry, days after its return to service following stretching. Three people were killed, and damage was estimated at over $1 million (1970 dollars). The Soviet ship did not have permission to be in Active Pass, and as such, the Soviet government compensated BC Ferries.
Years later,[clarification needed] while in Active Pass and within metres of the site of the 1970 collision, Queen of Victoria was disabled by a fire in the engine room.
Queen of Alberni
On August 9, 1979, Queen of Alberni was transiting through Active Pass when it ran aground on Galiano Island, tipping fifteen degrees to starboard. Several large commercial vehicles on board the vessel at the time were damaged. No persons were injured, but a racehorse on board was killed. This accident suspended all C-class vessels from travelling on Route 1 or any of the southern gulf island routes.
In June 1989, Queen of Alberni collided with the loading dock at Departure Bay, causing significant damage to the ship and dock. Six people were injured, including a cook who suffered a fractured cheekbone as he was walking down a set of stairs.
On March 12, 1992, at 8:08 am (16:08 UTC), Queen of Alberni collided with the Japanese freighter Shinwa Maru southwest of Tsawwassen. The collision occurred in heavy fog, with both vessels suffering minor damage. Injuries included 2 serious and 25 minor injuries for the 260 people on the ferry, while none of the 11 people aboard the freighter received injuries.
Queen of Burnaby
On August 25, 1966, the Queen of Burnaby broke her mooring at Departure Bay terminal while engines were being run in the early morning. The variable-pitch propellers were not left in the neutral position as was standard, and no crew was present on the bridge. The ferry was recovered after the anchor was dropped and the captain was shuttled to the vessel, and all sailing continued with no change of scheduling.
Queen of Cowichan
On August 12, 1985, three people were killed when Queen of Cowichan ran over a pleasure boat near the Horseshoe Bay terminal.
On October 19, 2019, a deck hand was seriously injured after being hit by the vessel's bow door which was having trouble opening up at Horseshoe Bay terminal. Its next round trip to Departure Bay and back was subsequently cancelled.
Queen of Saanich
On the morning of February 6, 1992, Queen of Saanich and the passenger ship Royal Vancouver collided in heavy fog while navigating near the northern entrance of Active Pass. A total of 23 passengers aboard Royal Vancouver were injured. Blame was cast on the crew of Royal Vancouver for failing to track Queen of Saanich on radar, though both vessels were equipped with sophisticated radar systems.
Queen of Nanaimo
On November 2, 2013, Queen of Nanaimo was pushed off course by severe weather as it was leaving the berth at Village Bay, Mayne Island. It damaged a private dock, and no one was injured. There was damage to the ship and all Tsawwassen–Gulf Islands sailings had to be cancelled while it was repaired.
Queen of New Westminster
In October 1971, Queen of New Westminster pulled out of its berth at the Departure Bay terminal while vehicle loading was in progress. A car and its two occupants fell into the water. Both of the vehicle's occupants were rescued.
In a similar incident, on August 13, 1992, the Queen of New Westminster pulled out of its berth at the Departure Bay terminal while vehicle loading ramps were still lowered and resting on the ship. Three people were killed, including two children, one was seriously injured, and two others received minor injuries when a van containing 6 people fell 15 m (49 ft) from the upper deck onto the lower car deck and finally into the sea below. The van had been stopped and instructed to wait on the loading ramp by terminal crew members. The Transportation Safety Board of Canada determined that the accident was caused by the vessel not properly following departing procedures and secondarily due to poor communication between terminal and ship crew members.
On November 7, 1995, Mayne Queen departed from Snug Cove and ran into a neighbouring marina, heavily damaging a floating dock in addition to 12 small pleasure boats, one of which sank. The crash was primarily attributed to human error and while transferring steering and power control from one control panel to the other located in the ship. The vessel's captain was also inexperienced with Mayne Queen and normally piloted other vessels. The captain then promptly left the scene of the accident after the incident without conducting a proper damage assessment.
On August 12, 1996, Mayne Queen departed Swartz Bay terminal and ran aground off Piers Island after losing steering control. The grounding occurred while performing a regular weekly test of the batteries for the steering control system. A crew member overheard there was going to be a test, and in an attempt to be helpful, and without direction, cut all power from the vessel's steering batteries, as he had done at night when the ship was stored. However, he did not realize that the test in question only required the removal of a battery charger and that his assistance was neither requested nor required. No one was injured in the incident, and the vessel was assisted off the rocks at high tide, but it suffered extensive damage to its propulsion system, having two of the four steering and propulsion pods for the right-angle drives sheared off and one of the two remaining pods suffering propeller damage.
Spirit of British Columbia
On July 27, 2005, a man travelling to Mayne Island missed his ferry, so he got on the Spirit of British Columbia and jumped off as the ferry was approaching Active Pass. The man refused rescue assistance from crew members, and was later banned from travelling with BC Ferries.
On April 27, 2019, the Spirit of British Columbia was damaged while docking at Tsawwassen ferry terminal during heavy winds.
Spirit of Vancouver Island
On September 14, 2000, Spirit of Vancouver Island collided with the 9.72 m (31.9 ft) Star Ruby while attempting to overtake the vessel in a narrow channel. The collision occurred approximately 1 km (0.62 mi) from the Swartz Bay Terminal, from which the ferry had departed. Spirit of Vancouver Island struck Star Ruby on its port side, causing the pleasure craft to flip over and eventually right itself, though swamped and heavily damaged. According to the accident report, the pleasure craft ignored warning blasts from the approaching ferry and made a sharp turn towards the ferry just prior to impact. Two passengers aboard Star Ruby later died as a result of injuries sustained by the collision.
On July 13, 2003, Spirit of Vancouver Island collided with the dock at Swartz Bay. Four passengers suffered minor injuries. The accident caused tens of thousands of dollars of damage to the dock and the ship.
On October 9, 2009, a standby generator on Spirit of Vancouver Island caught fire on an early morning sailing out of Swartz Bay Terminal. No one was injured in the incident, but it caused major delays in the ferry system because of the already large volume of traffic for Thanksgiving weekend. Eight sailings were cancelled that day, and the ship remained out of service for the weekend.
On August 31, 2018, two workers were injured during an early morning safety drill where the ship's davit malfunctioned, causing the rescue boat they were in to flip and send the workers into the water from a significant height. Four sailings were cancelled as a result.
On April 18, 2020, the vessel suffered a hard landing at Tsawwassen ferry terminal at the conclusion of its 3:00 pm sailing from Swartz Bay. Vehicles were stuck onboard until 8:30 due to damage on the ramp.
Queen of Surrey
On May 12, 2003, Queen of Surrey was disabled as a result of an engine room fire. Queen of Capilano was dispatched and tethered to Queen of Surrey while tugboats were dispatched. The vessel was then towed back to shore. None of the 318 passengers were injured, but several crew members were treated for minor injuries. Some buckling of the main car deck resulted from the heat of the fire, but no vehicles were damaged in the incident.
On March 26, 2019, the 7:30 am sailing from Horseshoe Bay of the Queen of Surrey had an incident while docking at Gibsons at 8:10 am. The ship collided with a terminal structure and damaged its leading end. The bow of the ferry subsequently became lodged on the structure, causing severe delays, with all following vehicle sailings that day cancelled until the late evening, when relief could be provided. Passenger service was offered by water taxi for walk-in passengers.
Queen of Oak Bay
On June 30, 2005, at about 10:10 a.m. (17:10 UTC), the vessel Queen of Oak Bay, on the Nanaimo–Horseshoe Bay (Trans-Canada Highway) ferry route, lost power four minutes before it was to dock at the Horseshoe Bay terminal. The vessel became adrift, unable to change speed but able to steer with the rudders. The horn was blown steadily, and an announcement telling passengers to brace for impact was made minutes before the 139 m (456 ft) ship slowly ran into the nearby Sewell's Marina, where it destroyed or damaged 28 pleasure crafts and subsequently went aground a short distance from the shore. No casualties or injuries were reported. 
On July 1, 2005, BC Ferries issued a statement that Transport Canada, the Transportation Safety Board, and Lloyd's Register of Shipping were reviewing the control and mechanical systems on board to find a fault. An inspection revealed minimal damage to the ship, with only some minor damage to a metal fender, paint scrapes to the rudder, and some minor scrapes to one blade of a propeller.
On July 7, BC Ferries concluded that a missing cotter pin was to blame. The pin normally retained a nut on a linkage between an engine speed governor and the fuel control for one of the engines. Without the pin, the nut fell off and the linkage separated, causing the engine, clutches, and propellers to increase in speed until overspeed safety devices activated and shut down the entire propulsion system. The faulty speed governor had been serviced 17 days before the incident during a $35-million upgrade, and the cotter pin had not been properly replaced at that time.
Queen of Oak Bay was quickly repaired and tested at sea trials. She returned to regular service on July 8. A complete investigation report consisting of a 14-page Divisional Inquiry and a 28-page Engineering Incident Investigation was released in September 2006.
The Transportation Safety Board's Marine Investigation Report, released on September 6, 2007, indicated that "inadequacies in BC Ferries' procedures on safety-critical maintenance tasks and on ship handling during berthing operations" were major contributing factors to the accident. It appears that insufficient oversight of work done by contractors also played a role in the accident.
Queen of the North
On March 22, 2006, Queen of the North sank 135 nmi (155 mi) south of Prince Rupert, British Columbia, when it struck Gil Island at approximately 1:00 a.m. Two people from 100 Mile House went missing. BC Ferries CEO David Hahn said, "There is a real possibility that they went down with the ship." It is unlikely that it will be possible to salvage Queen of the North.
Officials have determined the cause of the accident was human error by three BC Ferries employees neglecting their navigational duties. Charges of criminal negligence causing death were considered, and a class action lawsuit for the passengers is proceeding while the Ferry and Marine Union seeks to reinstate the fired crew who failed to provide information to the $1 million TSB enquiry.
On January 9, 2007, Quinsam was loading traffic from Nanaimo to Gabriola Island when it unexpectedly pulled out of its berth. A pickup truck on the boarding ramp plunged into the water below. Ferry workers were able to warn the truck's lone occupant, who was able to escape before the vehicle fell.
On December 20, 2011, at 14:50 (21:50 UTC), Coastal Inspiration crashed into the Duke Point terminal, causing minor injuries to one passenger and crew member. The collision damaged the loading ramp, and foot passengers were held up for an hour before being unloaded; the vessel was rerouted to Departure Bay to unload its vehicle traffic. An electrical component failure in the propulsion control system was blamed for the crash. The ferry was taken out of service for repairs before resuming service on January 20, 2012. The damage caused the Duke Point terminal to be closed for five months, resulting in all services from Tsawwassen being rerouted into Departure Bay. The terminal reopened for service on May 1, 2012.
On May 5, 2011, Coastal Celebration damaged the dock at Swartz Bay after the vessel reversed into it for roughly 6.1 to 10.7 metres (20 to 35 ft). An investigation found that this was due to an error on the bridge. No one was hurt in the incident. However, damage to Coastal Celebration and the berth at Swartz Bay cost CAN$470,000.
On November 4, 2015, while the ship was sailing from Tsawwassen to Swartz Bay, a man launched one of Coastal Celebration's 100-person life rafts and jumped overboard. The man then swam to Galiano Island while the ferry recovered the life raft and launched rescue craft to recover the man. The man was later arrested on the island.
On December 17, 2018, the Coastal Celebration rescued a man from a sinking vessel near Moresby Passage in dark and stormy conditions. All remaining sailings from Tsawwassen to Swartz Bay were cancelled that night.
|Film||Year||Vessel or Class|
|Five Easy Pieces||1970||Mill Bay|
|Food of the Gods||1976||Howe Sound Queen|
|The Other Side of the Mountain||1978||Queen of Victoria|
|Shoot To Kill||1988||Queen of Vancouver|
|Bird On A Wire||1990||Queen of Burnaby or Queen of Nanaimo|
|Another Stakeout||1993||Powell River Class|
|Mr. Magoo||1997||Queen of Esquimalt|
|Disturbing Behavior||1998||Queen of Capilano|
|Double Jeopardy||1999||Quadra Queen II|
|Black Point||2002||Mill Bay|
|Scary Movie 3||2003||Powell River Class|
|Battlestar Galactica miniseries||2003||V-Class|
|Walking Tall||2004||Albert J Savoie|
|Elektra||2005||Albert J Savoie|
|The Mermaid Chair||2006||Mill Bay|
|The Suite Life Movie||2011||Northern Expedition|
|The Killing||2012||Queen of Capilano|
- Alaska Marine Highway – Alaska's Marine Highway System, similar to BC Ferries. Also serves Prince Rupert.
- Barnston Island Ferry – a ferry operated by the BC Ministry of Transportation
- Black Ball Line
- Bowen Island Ferry – history of the Horseshoe Bay - Bowen Island ferry.
- British Columbia Ministry of Transportation – responsible for the ferries on the lakes and rivers of the BC Interior.
- Fast Ferry Scandal – information about the Pacificat class of vessels that BC Ferries briefly operated.
- Georgia Strait Bridge – a controversial idea of replacing the ferry service with a fixed link between Vancouver Island and the BC mainland.
- Inter-Island Ferry Authority
- Kootenay Lake Ferry – a ferry in the British Columbia interior operated by the BC Ministry of Transportation
- Marine Atlantic – An east-coast analogue of BC Ferries.
- Washington State Ferries
- Allied Shipbuilders Ltd.
- Burrard Dry Dock
- Vancouver Shipyard
- Victoria Machinery Depot
- Washington Marine Group – Originally called the Vancouver Shipyards Co. Ltd.
- Yarrow Shipbuilders
- "BC Ferry Services, Financial Statements, March 31, 2019" (PDF). p. 6.
- "Vancouver Tours: Victoria & Butchart Gardens Bus & Ferry Tour from Vancouver". Retrieved August 31, 2011.
Crossing the Fraser River Delta and through the agricultural land surrounding Metro Vancouver this short half hour drive ends at the BC Ferries Terminal where your bus will drive right onto a ship belonging to the second largest ferry fleet in the world.
- BCF Annual Report 2011. (PDF) . Retrieved June 25, 2012.
- Legislative Assembly of British Columbia. Leg.bc.ca. Retrieved June 25, 2012.
- "Construction to begin in Germany..." Professional Mariner (Oct/Nov 2005). 2005. Retrieved October 25, 2011.[permanent dead link]
- Microsoft Word – 04-071 Super C.doc. Bcferries.com (June 21, 2012). Retrieved June 25, 2012.
- Media Room | BC Ferries – British Columbia Ferry Services Inc. BC Ferries (June 21, 2012). Retrieved June 25, 2012.
- "BC Ferries reports $16.5 million net loss as ridership drops". CBC News. June 15, 2012. Retrieved August 28, 2012.
- "B.C. Ferries to cut back on sailings". The Province. August 26, 2012. Archived from the original on August 28, 2012. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
- "Top 100 most profitable companies in B.C." Business in Vancouver. November 20, 2012. Archived from the original on January 18, 2013. Retrieved November 22, 2012.
- Shaw, Rob. "Ferries overhaul ends free rides for seniors, cuts trips, adds gambling".
- "New Salish Class Vessels - BC Ferries - British Columbia Ferry Services Inc". www.bcferries.com.
- "BC Ferries' Name Contest Backfires". May 20, 2015.
- "BC Ferry Services, Annual Rept, 31 Mar 2011" (PDF). www.bcferries.com. pp. 10–11.
"BC Ferry Services, Annual Rept, 31 Mar 2012" (PDF). www.bcferries.com. pp. 12–13.
"BC Ferry Services, Annual Rept, 31 Mar 2013" (PDF). www.bcferries.com. pp. 11–12.
"BC Ferry Services, Annual Rept, 31 Mar 2014" (PDF). www.bcferries.com. pp. 11–12.
"BC Ferry Services, Annual Rept, 31 Mar 2015" (PDF). www.bcferries.com. pp. 12–13.
"BC Ferry Services, Annual Rept, 31 Mar 2016" (PDF). www.bcferries.com. pp. 11–12.
"BC Ferry Services, Annual Rept, 31 Mar 2017" (PDF). www.bcferries.com. pp. 13–14.
"BC Ferry Services, Annual Rept, 31 Mar 2018" (PDF). www.bcferries.com. pp. 11–12.
"BC Ferry Services, Annual Rept, 31 Mar 2019" (PDF). www.bcferries.com. pp. 8–9.
- "Mid-Coast Ferry Service Application to the BC Ferries Commissioner" (PDF).
- "Lasqueti Ferry | Lasqueti Island". lasqueti.ca. Retrieved September 3, 2020.
- BC Ferries' Island Class Vessels bcferries.com, retrieved November 25, 2019.
- Sprit of British Columbia Mid-life upgrade. bcferries.com, retrieved December 25, 2018.
- "Spirit of Vancouver Island Mid-Life Upgrade | BC Ferries - British Columbia Ferry Services Inc". www.bcferries.com. Retrieved June 30, 2020.
- Thompson, Caitlin (September 1, 2017). "Northern Sea Wolf to sail Bella Coola – Port Hardy in summer 2018". Coast Mountain News. Bella Coola, BC: Black Press Group Ltd. Retrieved September 25, 2017.
- "As electric boats push off, where does Canada stand?". Electric Autonomy Canada. February 11, 2020.
- Canadian Transportation Safety Board report on Shinwa Maru/Queen of Alberni collision Archived June 24, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
- Spalding, David (1996). BC Ferries and the Canadian West Coast. Canmore, Alberta: Altitude Publishing Canada Ltd. p. 23. ISBN 1-55153-605-6.
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- BC Ferries Corporation (June 13, 2005). Upgraded Queen of Oak Bay Returns to Service. Press Release.
- BC Ferries Corporation (June 30, 2005). Queen of Oak Bay Loses Power and Runs Aground. Press Release.
- BC Ferries Corporation (June 30, 2005). Update on Queen of Oak Bay Grounding Incident. Press Release.
- BC Ferries Corporation (July 1, 2005). Investigation into Queen of Oak Bay Incident Continues. Press Release.
- BC Ferries Corporation (July 3, 2005). BC Ferries to Meet with Horseshoe Bay Boat Owners. Press Release.
- BC Ferries Corporation (July 5, 2005). Queen of Oak Bay to Undergo Extensive Sea Trials. Press Release.
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- BC Ferries Corporation (March 22, 2006). Queen of the North grounded and sank. Press Release.
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