Basic Education High School No. 2 Dagon

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Myoma National High School
အ.ထ.က. (၂) ဒဂုံ
Basic Education High School No. 2 Dagon.gif
Basic Education High School No. 2 Dagon - Myoma School.jpg
Basic Education High School No. 2 Dagon
Address
353 Myoma Kyaung Lane, Dagon [1]
Yangon, Yangon Region
Myanmar
Information
Type Public
Mottoes Excellence for all [2]
Established Founded in 1920 (built in 1929)
Founder Ba Lwin
School number 2
Principal Sai Ko Lay
Faculty 100
Grades K–10
Number of students 4200
Designations

Basic Education High School No. 2 Dagon (Burmese: အခြေခံ ပညာ အထက်တန်း ကျောင်း အမှတ် (၂) ဒဂုံ; formerly, Myoma National High School, မြို့မကျောင်း) is a public high school located a few miles north of downtown Yangon, Myanmar. The former nationalist high school founded for the children of the common folk, now educates mostly the children of well-to-do Burmese families from Dagon and vicinity. It was one of the first "nationalist schools" opened after the First National Strike against the British rule in Burma.

History[edit]

The Myoma school was first founded at Bahan township in December 1920. The school was founded as the Myoma National High School by Ba Lwin in 1920 and the current building was built in 1929 as part of a nationwide movement by the nationalist Burmese to counter what they perceived as drawbacks of the British colonial education system: lack of access, and a heavily biased curriculum.[3]

The colonial education system relied heavily on a small number of private (mostly parochial) schools like St. Paul's English High School that were out of reach for most Burmese. Even the wealthy Burmese who could afford the schools were unsatisfied with the heavy Anglo-centric nature of the curriculum. (This led to the First Yangon University Strike in December 1920. The event is still celebrated annually as National Day.) Throughout the 1920s, the nationalist Burmese set up a parallel education system of national schools throughout the country. In 1929, Ba Lwin founded the school in Yangon. He would go on to guide the school until 1953. The school is regarded as the second nationalist school opened in Burma after the Shin Maha Buddhaghosa National School established in 1899.

The school was nationalized in April 1965, and eventually renamed as Basic Education High School No. 2 Dagon. Today, commonly known as Dagon 2, it is still a nationally prominent school due to its heritage. Ironically, the very access touted in the school's founding has dissipated. Dagon 2 today draws its student body overwhelmingly from well-to-do families who can pay a large "donation" every year.

The school is listed on the Yangon City Heritage List.

Notable alumni[edit]

Politics and government[edit]

  • Bo Letya: one of the Thirty Comrades; Commander-in-Chief of the Burma Defence Army (1943–45); War Minister (1944–45); Deputy prime minister (1948–52)
  • Bo Mingaung: one of the Thirty Comrades
  • U Nu: Prime Minister of Burma (1948–1956, 1957–1958, 1960–1962)
  • Myoma U Than Kywe: politician, chairman of the Myoma National Students Union
  • Ye Htoon: lawyer, political dissident
  • Bo Zeya: one of the Thirty Comrades
  • Win Tin: Journalist and politician, Burmese Democracy activist

Arts and literature[edit]

Military[edit]

  • Rear-Adm. Chit Hlaing: former Commander-in-Chief (Navy)
  • Lieutenant General Maung Hla: Minister
  • General Kyaw Win (Dr. Kyaw Win): Director of Medical Services, Burma Army Medical Corp sand Retired Myanmar Ambassador to the Court of St. James
  • Lieutenant General Phone Myint: Home Affairs Minister
  • Major General Sein Htwa: Social welfare minister
  • Commodore Thaung Tin: Former Commander-in-Chief (Navy)
  • Lieutenant General Thein Win: Commander in Chiefs and Chief of Air Staff

Sports[edit]

  • Sein Hlaing: Most successful coach of Myanmar national football team; Winner of FIFA Centennial Order Merit Award

Business[edit]

  • Maung Shwe: Chairman of Myanmar–India Merchants' Association[5]

Religion[edit]

List of principals[edit]

  •  Ngwe Zin 1920–23[6]
  •  Ba Lwin 1923–53
  •  Aye Thwe 1953–57
  •  Ba Tin 1957–68
  •  Ba Saw 1968–70
  •  Hla Thein 1970–72
  •  Nyein Maung 1972–82
  •  Win Soe 1982–84
  •  Tin Win 1985–88
  •  Khin Maung Nyunt 1988–90
  •  Han Thein 1990–97
  •  Tha Win 1998–99
  •  Tin Hlaing 1999–2002
  •  Tin Maung Tun 2002–2011[7]
  •  Aye Thinn 2011–2016
  • Sai Ko Lay 2016–present

External links[edit]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 16°47′08.67″N 96°08′51.10″E / 16.7857417°N 96.1475278°E / 16.7857417; 96.1475278