British Forces Broadcasting Service

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"BFBS" redirects here. For the charity, see British and Foreign Bible Society.
The logo of BFBS

The British Forces Broadcasting Service (BFBS) provides radio and television programmes for Her Majesty's Armed Forces, and their dependents worldwide. Editorial control is independent of the Ministry of Defence and the armed forces themselves.

It was established by the British War Office (now the Ministry of Defence) in 1943. In 1944, it was managed by Gale Pedrick.[1]

Originally known as the Forces Broadcasting Service (FBS), it was initially under the control of the British Army Welfare Service, with its first effort, the Middle East Broadcasting Unit, with its headquarters in Cairo.[2]

Before and after end of the Second World War, various radio stations were set up, some using the FBS name, others using the name British Forces Network (BFN), but by the early 1960s, these had all adopted the BFBS name.[3]

Since the 1980s, BFBS has formed part of the Services Sound and Vision Corporation (SSVC), a registered charity, which is also responsible for the British Defence Film Library, SSVC Cinemas, and Combined Services Entertainment, providing entertainment for HM Forces around the world. BFBS does not carry commercial advertising.[4]

BFBS Radio[edit]

The logo of BFBS Radio

BFBS Radio's three stations broadcast on a combination of local FM and AM analogue frequencies, via live streaming at bfbs.com/listen, on Sky Channel 0211, Freesat Channel 786, and since April 2009 on DAB Digital Radio in the UK.[5]

  • The Forces Station BFBS – Contemporary music and Forces Community Radio
  • BFBS Radio 2 – popular music, news, current affairs and sport
  • BFBS Gurkha Radio – programming for Gurkhas

BFBS broadcasts to service personnel and their families and friends worldwide with local radio studios in Brunei, Canada, Cyprus, Germany, Gibraltar, the Falkland Islands, and Northern Ireland and operational areas from the studio in Afghanistan.[6] In addition, BFBS radio is heard by troops in Ascension Island, Belgium, the Netherlands, Naples, Italy and Stavanger, Norway as well as onboard Royal Navy ships at sea via live satellite links, online at bfbs.com/radio and on Sky Digital channel 0211, via a Eutelsat 28A transponder.

It broadcast in Malta until 25 March 1979, when British forces left the islands.[7] It ceased broadcasts from Berlin on 15 July 1994, following the end of the Cold War, German reunification, and the withdrawal of British forces from the city, after 33 years.[8] The BFBS Berlin frequency was given up on 12 December 1994.

BFBS also broadcast on FM in Belize, from Airport Camp near Belize City.[9] These broadcasts could also be received in eastern parts of Guatemala.[10] It ceased broadcasting in the country August 2011.[11]

The Forces Station BFBS is a music, news, entertainment and community service providing bespoke content to the global Forces Community with a focus on Forces News and connecting the Forces communities around the world.

Bespoke news bulletins are broadcast every hour, 24 hours a day, utilising audio from BBC News, IRN and BFBS's own team of Forces News reporters. The standard bulletin is three minutes long, with extended ten-minute Newsplus programmes on weekdays at 0400, 0700, 1100, 1300 and 1700 UK time. Two-minute-long news and sport headlines are broadcast on the half-hour during breakfast programming. Bulletins are broadcast around the clock on BFBS Radio and BFBS Gurkha Radio, and during BFBS Radio 2's music programming.

Many of the programmes on BFBS Radio 2 are sourced from BBC Radio 4 and BBC Radio Five Live, including the soap opera The Archers, which was popular in Hong Kong until BFBS Radio ceased broadcasting on 30 June 1997 before the handover to China.[12] BFBS Radio also provides programmes in Gurkhali, for the Gurkha units serving with the British Army.[13]

At midnight on Saturday 12 January 2008, the Forces Station BFBS began a trial period of broadcasting nationwide across the UK on DAB, which ran until 23:59 on 31 March 2008. Audience research carried out during the trial concluded that it was successful, and The Forces Station BFBS now broadcasts nationally on DAB Digital Radio.[14]

On Monday 31 May 2010, BBC Radio 1 teamed up with BFBS to transmit the 10-hour takeover show from Camp Bastion with BFBS presenters and shout outs from the military community.[15] It repeated the link-up in 2011.[16]

In December 2011, Smooth Radio broadcast their national breakfast show, presented by Simon Bates, from the BFBS studios in Camp Bastion.[17][18][19] On 8 April 2012, Easter Sunday, BFBS simulcast a two-hour show with Smooth, presented jointly by Simon Bates and BFBS's Rachel Cochrane allowing family and friends of serving troops to connect with their loved ones.[20]

On 1 April 2013 BFBS began a new 10-year contract for to supply all forces broadcasting service to British troops around the world and expanded its service to UK army bases formerly served by Garrison Radio.[21]

BFBS UK Bases stations now serve communities in Aldershot, Aldergrove, Ballykinler, Blandford, Catterick, Colchester, Edinburgh, Fort George, Holywood, Inverness, Lisburn, Penicuik, Salisbury Plain with a station at RAF Brize Norton.[22]

BFBS Television[edit]

The logo of BFBS Television

BFBS Television started in Celle, near Hanover in the then West Germany on 18 September 1975 from Trenchard Barracks.[23] This used taped broadcasts from the BBC and ITV, flown to Germany from London, which were then rebroadcast using low-power UHF transmitters.[24] Live broadcasts of news and sport began in 1983, using a microwave link between the UK and West Germany, extending as far east as West Berlin.[25]

The BFBS TV service used the 625-line PAL system, used in the UK as well as West Germany.[26] By 1982, it was available at 50 sites throughout northern and central regions of West Germany.[27]

It was known as SSVC Television (Services Sound and Vision Corporation) between 1985 and 1997, when it reverted to the BFBS name.[28] Today it now broadcasts live via satellite. DVDs are still sent to forces serving in more remote areas. There was also a service known as Navy TV, which broadcasts time-shifted versions of the channel to Royal Navy vessels around the world via military satellite.[29]

Most programmes came from the BBC, ITV, Channel 4, Channel 5 and Sky, including news from BBC News, Sky News, ITN, and sport from BBC Sport and Sky Sports. BFBS also has its own programmes, including the daily news bulletin programme British Forces News[30] and the children's programme Room 785.[31]

BFBS Television was broadcast in some areas as a terrestrial service in the clear using low power transmitters to minimise "overspill" to non-service audiences and protect copyright.[32] The satellite feed was encrypted for copyright reasons, as it is intended solely for HM Forces and their families. Until 1994, it was also carried on cable in West Berlin.[33] However, it was only available in the British Sector.[34]

Until 1997, it was also widely available in Cyprus, but its signal was encrypted or confined to the Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia.[35] Following complaints from local broadcasters like Lumiere TV, which had bought local rights to show English football and other programming, the decision was made to encrypt the signal, starting with Nicosia in April 1997 and ending with Larnaca and Limassol in May 1998.[36] The decision was criticised by MPs in an Early Day Motion.[37] BFBS later ended terrestrial transmissions of its TV channel in Cyprus in January 2009.[38]

However, as a result of card sharing by services personnel, BFBS TV (later BFBS 1) was available to unentitled viewers on the island, along with other channels until 2011, when an illegal pay-TV service was closed down in a joint operation by the Cyprus Police and the Audiovisual Anti-Piracy Alliance.[39]

By contrast, BFBS TV was watched by civilians in the Falkland Islands, where for many years, it was the only terrestrial TV service. Initially it consisted of prerecorded programmes brought over on cassette from the UK, meaning that they were shown two weeks after the UK,[40] but was later shown on a timeshifted basis (which means that "live" events were shown between 3 and 5 hours after they had actually happened.) This expanded the civilian terrestrial TV service as part of a digital upgrade, which included BFBS 1 and BFBS 2.[41] BFBS 1 and 2 also became available to civilian audiences in Tristan da Cunha.[42]

British Forces and their families living at BATUS in Canada had access to BFBS 1, a limited amount of BFBS 2 and BFBS 3 and Sky News on a 7-hour timeshift from CET.[43] During the day, the television channel that BFBS 2/3 broadcast on, played BFBS Radio 1.

In 2005, BFBS also began distributing commercial networks Kiss TV (previously Q), Sky News, Sky Sports 1 and Sky Sports 2 to certain areas. It also started a movie channel on 2 May 2008, using money that it saved following the Premier League's decision to waive the £250,000 rights fee.[44]

In 2010, it also added Nepali TV for the benefit of Gurkha soldiers.[45]

SSVC was awarded a new ten-year contract by the Ministry of Defence commencing on 1 April 2013. Fewer overseas troop deployments and reduced budgets resulted in a change to the previous TV service.[46] Since 27 March 2013, BFBS has offered timeshifted versions of BBC One, BBC Two, ITV, as well as two channels of its own. BFBS Extra offers entertainment programming from Channel 4 and Channel 5, as well as BBC Three, Watch, and Dave, Sky 1, with programming from National Geographic Channel, ITV2, 3 and 4, the History Channel and Sky Atlantic. BFBS Sport carries sport from ESPN (later replaced by BT Sport), Sky Sports, and Eurosport.[47] BBC Two carries children's programming from CBBC, until the late afternoon, while BFBS Extra carries programming from CBeebies until the evening. Additionally, the BBC One and ITV feeds are timeshifted to hit peak time in local time zones.

A Forces TV launch banner. Note that Forces TV was on Sky channel 299 at launch, moving to 264 in August that year.

On 10 June 2014, SSVC launched Forces TV, a new channel about the British Armed Forces. It is available on BFBS, Sky 264, Virgin 277 and Freesat 652.[48] Its content is a mixture of news reports, documentaries and features produced by BFBS. It is independent from the Ministry of Defence and is funded through advertising and sponsorship.[49] Forces TV (and BFBS radios) on satellite Eutelsat 10A (10°E).

Literature[edit]

  • Alan Grace: This Is the British Forces Network. The Story of Forces Broadcasting in Germany. Stroud (1996) ISBN 0-7509-1105-0
  • Alan Grace: The Link With Home. 60 Years of Forces Radio. Chalfont (2003) ISBN 0-9522135-1-6
  • Doreen Taylor: A Microphone and a Frequency. Forty Years of Forces Broadcasting. London (1983) ISBN 0-434-75710-1 and ISBN 0-434-75711-X
  • Oliver Zöllner: BFBS: 'Freund in der Fremde'. British Forces Broadcasting Service (Germany) – der britische Militärrundfunk in Deutschland. Göttingen (1996) [in German] ISBN 3-89588-632-7.
  • Oliver Zöllner: Forces Broadcasting: A 'Friend' Abroad. In: Communications, Vol. 21 (1996), issue 4, pp. 447–466 ISSN 0341-2059

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mr Gale Pedrick". The Times. 24 February 1970. p. 10. Retrieved 29 August 2014.  (subscription required)
  2. ^ On the Short Waves, 1923-1945: Broadcast Listening in the Pioneer Days of Radio, Jerome S. Berg, McFarland, 1999, page 215
  3. ^ Encyclopedia of Radio 3, Volume Set, Christopher H. Sterling, Routledge, 2004, page 379
  4. ^ 'Our aim is to entertain and inform', BBC News Online, 20 July, 2004
  5. ^ "How to Listen". BFBS. Retrieved 17 October 2011. 
  6. ^ British Forces Broadcasting Service: Good morning Afghanistan!, Angus Batey, The Guardian, 29 September 2011
  7. ^ A microphone and a frequency: forty years of forces broadcasting, Doreen Taylor, Heinemann, 1983, page 174
  8. ^ This Is the British Forces Network. The Story of Forces Broadcasting in Germany, Alan Grace, Alan Sutton, page 71
  9. ^ World Radio TV Handbook, Volume 43, O. Lund Johansen, 1989, page 276
  10. ^ Central America , Emily Hatchwell, Simon Calder, Vacation Work, 1991, page 142
  11. ^ British Forces radio, BFBS, end of an era—signing off permanently in Belize | Channel5Belize.com
  12. ^ Hong Kong's farewell to the Archers ... from Pete and Dud The Independent 16 April 1997
  13. ^ Gurkha Radio staff from Nepal visit UK, BFBS, March 25, 2014
  14. ^ "DAB re-armed with BFBS radio". Retrieved 15 December 2011. 
  15. ^ Fearne Cotton, Ten Hour Takeover, BBC Radio 1
  16. ^ Fearne Cotton, 10 Hour Takeover - British Forces special, BBC Radio 1
  17. ^ "Afghanistan trip for Smooth's Simon Bates". Radio Today. 6 December 2011. Retrieved 8 April 2012. 
  18. ^ Goodwin, Lucy (6 December 2011). "Bates takes Smooth Breakfast to the British Forces in Afghanistan". Radiocentre.org. Retrieved 8 April 2012. 
  19. ^ Mahoney, Elisabeth (13 December 2011). "Radio review: Simon Bates at Breakfast | Television & radio". The Guardian. Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 8 April 2012. 
  20. ^ "BFBS links up with Smooth for Easter". Radio Today. 4 April 2012. Retrieved 8 April 2012. 
  21. ^ "Garrison Radio closes as BFBS goes local". Radio Today. 1 March 2013. Retrieved 24 April 2013. 
  22. ^ BFBS – A New Decade of Broadcasting to the Forces
  23. ^ "The History of Forces' Broadcasting | BFBS Television". BFBS. 18 September 1975. Retrieved 17 October 2011. 
  24. ^ Coronation Street for the Rhine Army, New Scientist, 4 September 1975
  25. ^ The British Forces Broadcasting Service – A success Story
  26. ^ Eighth Report from the Expenditure Committee Session 1977-78, Papers by command, Volume 34, HMSO, 1977, page 92
  27. ^ In West Germany: Military Networks Spreading Pop, Billboard, Billboard - 27 Mar 1982
  28. ^ Rundfunk und Fernsehen, Volume 45, Nomos, 1997, page 339
  29. ^ BFBS buys system, Broadcast, 4 March, 2004
  30. ^ "British Forces News". web202.ssvc.com. Retrieved February 2015.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  31. ^ "Room 785 | Room 785 – BFBS Television". BFBS. Retrieved 17 October 2011. 
  32. ^ Zitty, Volume 18, Issues 23-25, Zitty Verlag GmbH, 1994
  33. ^ Medienlandschaft im Umbruch: Medien- und Kommunikationsatlas Berlin, Günter Bentele, Otfried Jarren, Ulrich Kratzsch, Vistas Verlag, 1990, page 260
  34. ^ Insight Guide Cyprus, Julia Roles, Ingram Publishing Services, 1999, page 288
  35. ^ BFBS pulls the plug on Larnaca viewers, Cyprus Mail 10 May 1998
  36. ^ Early day motion 775 – SSVC TV CYPRUS – UK Parliament
  37. ^ BFBS TV in Cyprus leaves the airwaves, Famagusta Gazette, 9 January, 2009
  38. ^ Joint police and industry action brings down card sharing pirate, Audiovisual Anti-Piracy Alliance, 21 June 2011
  39. ^ A Little Piece of England, Andrew Gurr, John Blake, 2001, page 81
  40. ^ The Record of the meeting of the Legislative Assembly held on Friday 18 December 2009
  41. ^ Channel Hopping comes to Tristan da Cunha
  42. ^ "Canada | BFBS Television". BFBS. Archived from the original on 10 June 2013. 
  43. ^ Dowell, Ben (13 August 2007). "Forces' TV and radio set to cut 30 jobs". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 April 2013. 
  44. ^ Arqiva adds Nepali TV to SSVC’s British Forces platforms, Arqiva, 10 December 2010
  45. ^ UK Forces broadcasting contract begins, Ministry of Defence, 2 April 2013
  46. ^ BFBS TV Set For A Makeover On 27th March, BFBS
  47. ^ Forces TV - About Us
  48. ^ Forces TV will be 'essential viewing' for British public, says PM David Cameron as channel launches, The Drum, 10 June 2014

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°35′17.53″N 0°33′11.94″W / 51.5882028°N 0.5533167°W / 51.5882028; -0.5533167