Berliner FC Dynamo

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Berliner FC Dynamo
logo
Club logo (2009–)
Full name Berliner Fussball Club Dynamo e. V.
Nickname(s) "The Wine Reds"
Founded 15 January 1966; 51 years ago (1966-01-15)
Ground Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Sportpark
Ground Capacity 19,708
Chairman Norbert Uhlig
Manager René Rydlewicz
League Regionalliga Nordost (IV)
2016–17 15th

Berliner FC Dynamo (commonly BFC Dynamo or BFC) is a German football club from Berlin and the record champion of East Germany with ten consecutive championships from 1979 through 1988.

History[edit]

Founding and GDR era[edit]

A predecessor side to the current-day club was established in 1949 as Sportgemeinde Deutsche Volkspolizei Berlin. In March 1953, this team assumed the place of SC Volkspolizei Potsdam in the DDR-Liga, East Germany's tier two competition. The Potsdam and Berlin sides were later formally merged and after 27 March 1953 played as part of the larger Sportvereinigung Dynamo sports club under the name SG Dynamo Berlin. After a 14th-place result in the 1953–54 season, the team was demoted to the Bezirksliga Berlin (III). The club was again renamed, being christened Sport Club Dynamo Berlin on 1 October 1954.[1]

In 1954, team members of Dynamo Dresden were ordered to leave for the capital to establish a competitive side in Berlin. Some of these team members, including Johannes Matzen, Herbert Schoen and Günter Schröter, were originally from Potsdam and had previously been ordered to leave the region to establish the Dynamo Dresden side in order to replace the popular, but bourgeois, Dresdner SC team in Dresden.

Dynamo Berlin enjoyed some success in the late 1950s and early 1960s with a number of top-three finishes and an East German Cup win in 1959. By 1963, however, their play had fallen off and they had become a lower table side leading to their relegation in 1967.

The club was re-established on 15 January 1966 as Berliner Fußballclub Dynamo (BFC Dynamo) when the football department was disassociated as a football club in a general re-organisation of football in the country. The club returned to first division play after a single season's absence. The side was known as being the favoured team of Erich Mielke, the head of East Germany's Stasi (the secret police).[2]

Dynamo, after winning the title in 1979

Playing in the DDR-Oberliga BFC won ten consecutive titles from 1979 to 1988 allegedly assisted by obedient referees,[3] and important player transfers from other East German teams. BFC Dynamo was reviled by many East Germans and referee obedience incurred the unofficially expressed displeasure of the country's ruling Politburo, particularly bureaucrats from the Leipzig region. Alleged manipulation of the 1986 championship match between BFC Dynamo and Lokomotive Leipzig which ended in a 1–1 draw resulted in sanctions against referee Bernd Stumpf.[4]

Post-unification[edit]

After German re-unification in 1990, the side was renamed FC Berlin in an attempt to re-package it and distance it from its past (Dynamo admitted to tier III of the new German league in 1991–92 season). In 1999 and due to the supporters' desire they again took up the name BFC Dynamo. Without its powerful patron and losing its best players to West German Bundesliga teams, the side quickly fell to tier III play and since the 2000–01 season has toiled in IV or V division leagues. The club filed for insolvency in 2001 but was rescued by a number of supporters. The insolvency proceedings were successfully closed in 2004.

BFC recovered to win the Verbandsliga Berlin (V) championship in 2004 and return to fourth division play in the Oberliga Nordost-Nord (IV, now V) where they settled in as upper-table side.

On 12 June 2013, BFC Dynamo won the Berlin Cup (Berlin Pokal) for a third time, beating SV Lichtenberg 47 1–0, thus qualifying for the national cup of the DFB, the DFB-Pokal.[5] The crowd of 6,381 set a new record for a Berlin Cup final.

The subsequent DFB-Pokal match against VfB Stuttgart took place on 4 August 2013 in front of 9,227 spectators. The stadium capacity of the Friedrich Ludwig Jahn Sportpark had been limited and ticket prices had been increased due to requirements by the DFB. While Dynamo's Christoph Köhne came close after hitting the inner post in the 31st minute, Vedad Ibišević won the game for Stuttgart with goals in the 40th and 75th minutes (a penalty), resulting in a 0–2 defeat.

In the 2013–14 Oberliga season, BFC Dynamo won 15 out of the initial 16 games (while drawing against SV Lichtenberg 47). After 21 season matches, the streak was extended to 20 wins and one draw, effectively securing promotion to Regionalliga Nordost with a 25-point lead.[6] The club subsequently extended contracts with its key players and announced to move back to the Friedrich Ludwig Jahn Sportpark for its Regionalliga matches starting with the 2014–15 season.[7]

Following promotion, BFC Dynamo finished the 2014–15 Regionalliga season in fifth place. During the season, coach Volkan Uluc was replaced by former Hamburger SV player and coach of SSV Jahn Regensburg, Thomas Stratos. Under Stratos, BFC Dynamo secured yet another Berlin Cup trophy, thus qualifying again for the DFB-Pokal. The crowd of 6,914 spectators during the 2015 cup final against Tasmania Berlin (1–0 victory) at the Friedrich Ludwig Jahn Sportpark set another record for a Berlin Cup final.

The 2014–15 season marked the return of the club to live television (pay TV had broadcast the DFB-Pokal cup matches against 1.FC Kaiserslautern in 2011 and VfB Stuttgart in 2013) with its Regionalliga matches against Carl Zeiss Jena and 1. FC Magdeburg being broadcast by Mitteldeutscher Rundfunk television.

The 2015 DFB-Pokal match was lost 0:2 against 2. Bundesliga side FSV Frankfurt. Rockenbach da Silva missed a penalty for BFC.[8]

René Rydlewicz, a former Bundesliga player who had started his career at the club, took over as BFC coach in May 2016. The Regionalliga seasons 2015–16 and 2016–17 brought mixed results. However, BFC secured another Berlin Cup trophy in 2017, thus qualifying for DFB-Pokal season 2017–18. FC Schalke 04 was drawn as first round opponent for the match scheduled 14 August 2017. 12,000 tickets were sold in advance.

Stadiums[edit]

The long-time home and training ground of the club has been the Sportforum Hohenschönhausen. Its outdoor stadium has a capacity of 10,000 spectators, including 2,000 seated, and is part of a large sports complex with facilities for ice hockey, speed skating, athletics, and cycling. When opened it offered the world's first covered indoor speed skating oval. It is also the training ground for the Eisbären Berlin professional ice hockey team, formerly SC Dynamo Berlin.

The team played most European Cup matches and most seasons (1971–1992) at the Friedrich Ludwig Jahn Sportpark in Prenzlauer Berg, close to the former Berlin Wall. Following the 2014 promotion to Regionalliga Nordost, BFC moved permanently back to the Prenzlauer Berg stadium, next to the Mauerpark.[9] The stadium currently has a capacity of 19,708 spectators.

The Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Sportpark is under planning for a complete redevelopment. The estimated cost for the redevelopment of the whole area is estimated at up to 170 million, indlucing €85 million for a new stadium. The current stadium will be demolished by 2020.[10]

Club culture, supporters and rivalries[edit]

In the 1980s and 1990s, BFC Dynamo supporters became known to include skinheads, with far-right political views. In the early 1990s, BFC Dynamo gained a reputation of having the strongest hooligan element in the Germany.[11]

It was the broader BFC supporter scene that managed to rescue the club during its insolvency proceedings in 2004. Today its supporter scene includes Ultra-groups and other supporter groups with various political or non-political views.

The BFC has rivalries with Dynamo Dresden and Union Berlin while enjoying friendly relations with Scottish side Aberdeen,[12] and partially with Eintracht Braunschweig, Polish club Pogoń Szczecin and Swedish club GAIS.

Club crest[edit]

The original SC Dynamo logo ca. 1954 and logos in use by FC Berlin ca. 1990–99.

Ownership of the BFC crest[edit]

Dynamo's traditional crest is at the centre of an ownership dispute with related marketing revenues at stake.
An alternate team crest was prepared ca. 2004 as a possible replacement for the traditional crest, but was only ever used by the club's youth sides.

After German re-unification many East German clubs rushed to drop the names they were bearing during the Communist era. Dynamo was among the clubs to do so, becoming FC Berlin. However, like many others of these clubs they found more value and fan recognition in the names, colours and crests they had played under in East Germany, thus returning to them due to supporters's pressure and based on a members' decision.

Dynamo's situation was complicated as they had neglected to copyright their old crest. In 1999 that they no longer held title, having to share it with sports souvenir seller Peter "Pepe" Mager who laid claim to the orphaned image in March 1997. Control of the logo image has since passed to André Sommer and Rayk Bernt and their marketing firm Ra-Be GmbH through which they take ten percent of the value of all fan articles sold. Sommer and Bernt also assisted in the period following the club's insolvency in 2001. This was the cause of concern for the beleaguered football association as the pair were known to have links to the Hells Angels motorcycle club.

Dynamo has been working to recover the rights to its familiar traditional crest. Several alternative crests have been developed and registered in the event that they are unsuccessful in the attempt. The disputed image continued to be used on Dynamo's first team uniforms, at its website, and in other limited contexts, but the club was still unable to fully exploit the commercial value of the logo to its benefit.[13] In 2009, in response to the problem, the club decided to introduce the current logo that abandoned the traditional stylized "D" in favour of the Berlin bear. However, the club and most of its fans identify with the traditional logo.

Championship stars controversy[edit]

Dynamo's unsanctioned unilateral adoption of championship stars helped stir a controversy in German football.
The introduction of the Verdiente Meistervereine put in place a national standard for the display of championships stars.

In 2004, the DFB introduced the Verdiente Meistervereine – a system to honor the most successful teams in Bundesliga history awarding one star for three titles, two stars for five, and three stars for ten – allowing qualifying teams to display on their jerseys the stars they have earned. Dynamo petitioned the league to have their East German titles recognized, but received no reply.[14] They eventually took matters into their own hands and emblazoned their jerseys with three stars. This caused considerable debate on the fact that the DFB did not recognize East German championships, only those championships won since the 1963 formation of the Bundesliga. The issue also affected other former East German teams including Dynamo Dresden (8 titles), Vorwärts Berlin (6), SC Wismut Karl Marx Stadt, Carl Zeiss Jena and 1. FC Magdeburg.

The DFB has since updated this practice by broadening recognition to include all national level men's competitions since 1903 (when the first recognized national championship was staged), including those of the former East Germany, as well as all women's competitions since 1974. The DFB governs the use of championship stars and a club must have that governing body's approval before displaying any such badge.

Dynamo has since used the championship star in accordance with DFB graphic standards, displaying a star bearing the number 10 in the current website design.

Coaches[edit]

1954–1973

1977–2003

2004–

Notable players[edit]

Many BFC players of the 1970s or 1980's played on the GDR's or Germany's national team while others became coaches or Bundesliga players.

Honours[edit]

Dynamo Berlin was East Germany's most successful club, capturing ten national titles, and those ten titles came consecutively – a feat no other team in East Germany has matched. After German Reunification, DDR-Oberliga had dissolved and replaced by Bundesliga as the German Democratic Republic (GDR/DDR/East Germany) joined the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG/West Germany) to form the reunited nation of Germany.

Domestic[edit]

Regional[edit]

Double[edit]

DDR-Oberliga and FDGB-Pokal: 1

  • 1988

Seasons since end of GDR[edit]

Year Division Level Position
1991–92 NOFV-Oberliga Nord III 1st
1992–93 NOFV-Oberliga Nord III 4th
1993–94 NOFV-Oberliga Nord III 4th
1994–95 Regionalliga Nordost III 11th
1995–96 Regionalliga Nordost III 13th
1996–97 Regionalliga Nordost III 13th
1997–98 Regionalliga Nordost III 11th
1998–99 Regionalliga Nordost III 8th
1999–2000 Regionalliga Nordost III 17th ↓
2000–01 NOFV-Oberliga Nord IV 1st
2001–02 NOFV-Oberliga Nord IV 17th ↓
2002–03 Verbandsliga Berlin V 3rd
2003–04 Verbandsliga Berlin V 1st ↑
2004–05 NOFV-Oberliga Nord IV 6th
2005–06 NOFV-Oberliga Nord IV 6th
2006–07 NOFV-Oberliga Nord IV 10th
2007–08 NOFV-Oberliga Nord IV 5th
2008–09 NOFV-Oberliga Nord V 2nd
2009–10 NOFV-Oberliga Nord V 2nd
2010–11 NOFV-Oberliga Nord V 7th
2011–12 NOFV-Oberliga Nord V 13th
2012–13 NOFV-Oberliga Nord V 3rd
2013–14 NOFV-Oberliga Nord V 1st ↑
2014–15 Regionalliga Nordost IV 5th
2015–16 Regionalliga Nordost IV 4th
2016–17 Regionalliga Nordost IV 15th

European Cup[edit]

Season Competition Round Country Club Score
1971–72 Cup Winners' Cup 1st round Wales Cardiff City 1–1, 1–1, 5–6 (p)
1/8 final Belgium K. Beerschot V.A.C. 3–1, 3–1
quarter-final Sweden Åtvidabergs FF 2–0, 2–2
semi-final Soviet Union Dynamo Moscow 1–1, 1–1, 4–1 (p)
1972–73 UEFA Cup 1st round France Angers 1–1, 2–1
2nd round Bulgaria Levski Sofia 3–0, 0–2
1/8 final England Liverpool 0–0, 1–3
1976–77 UEFA Cup 1st round Soviet Union Shakhtar Donetsk 0–3, 1–1
1978–79 UEFA Cup 1st round Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Red Star Belgrade 5–2, 1–4
1979–80 European Cup 1st round Poland Ruch Chorzów 4–1, 0–0
1/8 round Switzerland Servette 2–1, 2–2
quarter-final England Nottingham Forest 1–0, 1–3
1980–81 European Cup 1st round Cyprus APOEL 3–0, 1–2
1/8 final Czech Republic Baník Ostrava 0–0, 1–1
1981–82 European Cup 1st round Switzerland Zürich 2–0, 1–3
1/8 final England Aston Villa 1–2, 1–0
1982–83 European Cup 1st round Germany Hamburger SV 1–1, 0–2
1983–84 European Cup 1st round Luxembourg Jeunesse Esch 4–1, 2–0
1/8 final Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Partizan 2–0, 0–1
quarter-final Italy Roma 0–3, 2–1
1984–85 European Cup 1st round Scotland Aberdeen 1–2, 2–1, 5–4 (p)
1/8 final Austria Austria Wien 3–3, 1–2
1985–86 European Cup 1st round Austria Austria Wien 0–2, 1–2
1986–87 European Cup 1st round Sweden Örgryte IS 3–2, 4–1
1/8 final Denmark Brøndby 1–2, 1–1
1987–88 European Cup 1st round France Bordeaux 0–2, 0–2
1988–89 European Cup 1st round Germany Werder Bremen 3–0, 0–5
1989–90 Cup Winners' Cup 1st round Iceland Valur 2–1, 2–1
1/8 final France Monaco 0–0, 1–1

References[edit]

  1. ^ Grüne, Hardy (2001). Vereinslexikon. Kassel: AGON Sportverlag ISBN 3-89784-147-9
  2. ^ Stephen Evans (12 July 2014). "The secret police with its own football team". BBC News. Retrieved 13 July 2014. 
  3. ^ "East Germany's Star Quality in Question". Deutsche Welle. 13 May 2005. Archived from the original on 21 May 2007. Retrieved 18 March 2008. 
  4. ^ Weinreich, Jens (24 March 2005). "Büttel an der Pfeife" (in German). Berliner Zeitung. Retrieved 2 February 2007. 
  5. ^ http://www.tagesspiegel.de/sport/berliner-pokal-finale-bfc-dynamo-schlaegt-lichtenberg-1-0/8342096.html Der Tagesspiegel (in German).
  6. ^ http://www.diefussballecke.de/liga5_non/index.php Die Fussballecke, retrieved on 12 April 2014 (in German).
  7. ^ http://www.morgenpost.de/sport/berlin-sport/article126875461/BFC-Dynamo-in-kleinen-Schritten-heraus-aus-der-Versenkung.html BFC Dynamo in kleinen Schritten heraus aus der Versenkung. Berliner Morgenpost, retrieved on 12 April 2014 (in German).
  8. ^ http://www.kicker.de/news/fussball/dfbpokal/spielrunde/dfb-pokal/2015-16/1/2841073/spielvorschau_bfc-dynamo-72_fsv-frankfurt-1295.html Kapllani und Dedic schießen cleveren FSV weiter. kicker.de, retrieved on 11 August 2017 (in German).
  9. ^ http://www.fupa.net/berichte/bfc-dynamo-zieht-in-jahn-sportpark-um-137303.html
  10. ^ Koch-Klaucke, Norbert (23 February 2017). "Senat pumpt 170 Mio. in den Sportpark in Prenzlauer Berg". Berliner Kurier (in German). Berlin: Berliner Verlag GmbH. Retrieved 6 August 2017. 
  11. ^ To My Kibice, Winter 2014 No.4(46) p.38-39
  12. ^ "BFC Dynamo". LiberoGuide.com. Retrieved 19 January 2015. 
  13. ^ http://www.berlinonline.de/berliner-kurier/archiv/.bin/dump.fcgi/2006/0406/sport/0038/index.html (in German)
  14. ^ East Germany's Star Quality in Question | German Soccer | Deutsche Welle | 13.05.2005

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°32′27″N 13°28′34″E / 52.54083°N 13.47611°E / 52.54083; 13.47611