BFG (weapon)

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BFG
BFG9000.png
The BFG 9000 as depicted in Doom (top), Doom 3 (middle) and in Doom (2016, bottom)
First game Doom (1993)
Created by Tom Hall[1]
Designed by Adrian Carmack,[1] Kevin Cloud[1]

The BFG is a fictional weapon found in many video game titles, mostly in first-person shooter series such as Doom and Quake.

The abbreviation BFG stands for "Big Fucking Gun" as described in Tom Hall's original Doom design document and in the user manual of Doom II: Hell on Earth. The Quake II manual says it stands for "Big, Uh, Freakin' Gun". These euphemistic labels imply the more profane name of the BFG, "Big Fucking Gun".[2] Another version of the name used in the Doom motion picture is "Bio Force Gun". The versions found in the Doom games are called "BFG 9000" and those in Quake "BFG 10K".

Appearances[edit]

Doom[edit]

The first appearance of the weapon is the press beta release of Doom. In that version, the BFG 9000 released a cloud of 80 small plasma balls (randomly green or red) per shot.

Computer Gaming World described the BFG 9000 in the first commercial Doom game as "the Ultimate Weapon".[3] It is a large energy weapon that fires giant balls of green plasma. The most powerful weapon in the game, it causes major damage to most types of enemies and can clear an entire room of foes in one use. A direct hit from it is often an instant kill. The player is unaffected by the splash damage, which makes it possible to use the BFG 9000 safely in close quarters, unlike some of the other powerful weapons. In the first Doom, the weapon can only be picked up in the third and fourth episodes. The BFG 9000 also appears virtually unchanged in Doom II: Hell on Earth, Final Doom, Doom 64, and Doom RPG.

The BFG's internal game mechanics are two-fold: the actual projectile deals a huge amount of damage, but after that, a large dose of damage is dealt in a cone facing away from the player who fired the shot; this increases the weapon's devastating area-of-effect. One peculiar quirk about the internal workings of the game code is that it remembers the direction the player fired the shot in, but not the position, meaning that the player is allowed to move far away even into an entirely different room, and still deal damage to whoever is in that room depending on the timing of the projectile's impact.[4]

Other versions[edit]

In Doom 3, the BFG 9000 is a charged weapon: holding down the trigger causes the weapon to accumulate energy before release, resulting in a more powerful shot. Overcharging the BFG too much will cause it to overheat and explode, killing the player instantly.

Quake II and Quake III Arena pay homage to the BFG 9000 with a pair of weapons both called the BFG 10K. The Quake II version fires a slow plasma glob that fires rays at any enemies in range and line-of-sight. The Quake III Arena version of the BFG fire a series of fast plasma orbs, and acts quite like the Rocket Launcher (rocket jumping can also be done with the BFG 9000). BFG10K from Quake 3 also appears in OpenArena (different look, but same behavior) and Quake Live (with slightly modified characteristics). Rage also pays homage to the BFG 9000 with a weapon known as the "Authority Pulse Cannon", which fires "BFG Rounds".

In the Doom movie, the "bio force gun" fires a bright blue projectile which appears to burst on impact and spray a caustic substance over its target and the surrounding area.

The BFG makes a return in Doom (2016), but unlike in its first two appearances, it follows the mechanics of its Quake II rendition, firing a projectile that shoots beams at enemies. The game itself doesn't resolve the acronym "BFG" either in-game or in its codex entries, although one challenge in the game's final campaign level involving the BFG is called "Big [REDACTED] Gun" as a nod to the original vulgar name.[5]

Reception[edit]

UGO.com ranked the BFG 9000 at number two on their list of top video game weapons of all time, stating "it was marvelous and complex, and we should not hesitate to put this weapon down in history as one of the best."[6] X-Play ranked it number one on their list of top "badass" weapons, stating that while "not as fancy as the gravity gun", it was the first weapon that "really made us swoon".[7] IGN also listed the BFG as one of the hundred best weapons in video games, placing it at number 2, saying that "The BFG established exactly what we should expect when it comes to powerful in-game weaponry".[8] Machinima.com named it number one on their list of top video game weapons, stating "Do you really need a reason why this tops the list?"[9]

SpaceX's BFR and BFS[edit]

"BFR" is the current code name for SpaceX's privately funded launch vehicle announced by Elon Musk in September 2017.[10][11][12][13][14] SpaceX President Gwynne Shotwell has stated that BFR stands for "Big Falcon Rocket".[15] However, Elon Musk has explained that although BFR is the official name, he drew inspiration from the BFG weapon in the Doom video games.[16] The BFR has been referred to informally by the media and internally at SpaceX as "Big Fucking Rocket".[17][18][19][20] The upper stage is the Spaceship, or BFS (unofficially "Big Fucking Spaceship").[21][22][23][24][25]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "DOOM Credits (DOS)". MobyGames. Retrieved July 17, 2016. 
  2. ^ "BFG9000." Doom Wiki. N.p., 1 Dec. 2005. Web. 29 Mar. 2016.
  3. ^ Walker, Bryan (March 1994). "Hell's Bells And Whistles". Computer Gaming World. pp. 38–39. 
  4. ^ Tony Fabris (August 15, 1999). "The BFG Faqs". Retrieved July 17, 2016. 
  5. ^ "Doom: A Sneak Peek at the FINAL Level". IGN. YouTube. April 29, 2016. Retrieved May 17, 2016. 
  6. ^ Top 50 Video Game Weapons of All Time. UGO.com. Retrieved on December 17, 2008, now on archive.org
  7. ^ (June 18, 2008) X-Play's Top 10 Badass Weapons: Part 2. G4. Retrieved on December 25, 2008.
  8. ^ "BFG9000". IGN. Retrieved July 17, 2016. 
  9. ^ Top 10 Video Game Weapons Archived 2009-02-05 at the Wayback Machine.. Machinima.com. Retrieved on January 30, 2009.
  10. ^ Jeff Foust (29 September 2017). "Musk unveils revised version of giant interplanetary launch system". SpaceNews. Retrieved 1 October 2017. 
  11. ^ William Harwood (29 September 2017). "Elon Musk revises Mars plan, hopes for boots on ground in 2024". SpaceflightNow. Retrieved 30 September 2017. The new rocket is still known as the BFR, a euphemism for 'Big (fill-in-the-blank) Rocket.' The reusable BFR will use 31 Raptor engines burning densified, or super-cooled, liquid methane and liquid oxygen to lift 150 tons, or 300,000 pounds, to low Earth orbit, roughly equivalent to NASA’s Saturn 5 moon rocket. 
  12. ^ Tim Fernholz (29 September 2017). "SpaceX's Elon Musk unveiled a rocket that can fly to the Moon, Mars—and Shanghai". Quartz. Retrieved 30 September 2017. 
  13. ^ "Artist's Rendering Of The BFR". SpaceX. 12 April 2017. Retrieved 3 October 2017. 
  14. ^ Sherisse Pham; Jackie Wattles (29 September 2017). "Elon Musk is aiming to land spaceships on Mars in 2022". CNNMoney. Retrieved 29 September 2017. 
  15. ^ Mike Wall. "What's in a Name? SpaceX's 'BFR' Mars Rocket Acronym Explained". space.com. Retrieved 11 February 2018. 
  16. ^ Heath, Chris (12 December 2015). "Elon Musk Is Ready to Conquer Mars". GQ. Retrieved 14 February 2018. 
  17. ^ Fernholz, Tim (20 March 2018). Rocket Billionaires: Elon Musk, Jeff Bezos, and the New Space Race. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 244. ISBN 978-1328662231. SpaceX would build a huge rocket: the BFR, or Big Falcon Rocket—or, more crudely among staff, the Big Fucking Rocket 
  18. ^ "The world is not enough". The Economist. London. 1 October 2016. Retrieved 21 May 2018. 
  19. ^ Slezak, Michael; Solon, Olivia (29 September 2017). "Elon Musk: SpaceX can colonise Mars and build moon base". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 21 May 2018. 
  20. ^ Burgess, Matt (29 September 2017). "Elon Musk's Big Fucking Rocket to Mars is his most ambitious yet". Wired UK. London: Condé Nast Publications. Retrieved 21 May 2018. 
  21. ^ What's in a Name? SpaceX's 'BFR' Mars Rocket Acronym Explained. Mike Wall, Space.com. October 7, 2017.
  22. ^ Foust, Jeff. "SpaceX no longer planning crewed missions on Falcon Heavy". Spacenews. Retrieved 6 February 2018. 
  23. ^ Space tourists will have to wait as SpaceX plans bigger rocket. Stu Clark, The Guardian. 8 February 2018.
  24. ^ "Making Life Multiplanetary: Abridged transcript of Elon Musk's presentation to the 68th International Astronautical Congress in Adelaide, Australia" (PDF). SpaceX. September 2017. 
  25. ^ SpaceX signs its first passenger to fly aboard the Big Falcon Rocket Moon mission. CatchNews. 14 September 2018.