|Traded as||Euronext: BB|
|Founded||October 25, 1945
|Bruno Bich, Chairman
Mario Guevara, CEO
|Products||Disposable lighters, razors, pens|
|Revenue||€1.5627 billion (2009)|
|€216.0 million (2009)|
|€151.7 million (2009)|
|Total assets||€2.0291 billion (2009)|
|Total equity||€1.3040 billion (2009)|
Number of employees
Société Bic S.A., commonly referred to simply as Bic, is a corporation based in Clichy, France best known for making ballpoint pens. It was founded in 1945 by Baron Marcel Bich and has become known for making disposable consumer products such as lighters, razors, mechanical pencils, and printed paper products.
In 1970, Gillette purchased S. T. Dupont Paris whose principal product was luxury cigarette lighters. During this time Dupont explored the possibilities of marketing a disposable lighter, developing an inexpensive disposable lighter called Cricket, which it introduced in the United States in 1972. Later that year Bic was test marketing a disposable lighter that could provide 3,000 lights before wearing out; Bic introduced this lighter in 1973.
They, as well as the Bic Cristal ballpoint pen, are easily recognizable as a result of their importance in pop culture. As such, they are represented in the design collection of the Museum of Modern Art in New York. The company competes in most markets against Faber-Castell, Global Gillette, Newell Rubbermaid, Pentel and Schwan-Stabilo. The Bic pen, more specifically the Bic Cristal, was the company's first product. Bic is also known for making disposable razors for both men and women.
The company went public in 1958 with a reverse merger into the older Waterman Pen Company of Seymour, Connecticut, in the United States, and later sold off the older operation. The Bich family owns about 40 percent of Bic stock and controls 55% of its voting power.
In June 2010, Bic sold its funeral products division to Prairie Capital, a Chicago-based private equity firm.
United States subsidiary
Bic's U.S. headquarters and manufacturing operations were moved to Milford, Connecticut in 1958 after the Waterman Pen Company acquisition resulted in the need for larger facilities. It remained alongside a road eventually renamed "Bic Drive" until a 2008 move to Shelton, Connecticut. A cigarette lighter factory remains on the Milford site.
The company's U.S. subsidiary, BIC Corporation, accounts for more than half of the worldwide company's sales. Both Bruno Bich, son of company co-founder Marcel, who rose through the ranks in the U.S. organization to become Chairman Of The Board as of October 21, 2010, and Mario Guevara, the company's Chief Executive Officer as of the same date, worked in the American subsidiary for several years.
Bic sponsored a professional cycling team in the 1960s led by Tour de France winners Jacques Anquetil and Luis Ocaña. The company began sponsoring the Tour again in 2011 as an "official supporter", which they have continued to do to the present day.
The corporate logo comprises two parts; a rhomboid with curved corners, left and right sides angled upward and containing the letters "BiC" with "i" the only one in lower case, and the BIC Boy to its left. The rhomboid, which debuted in 1950 to coincide with the launch of the Bic Cristal, was originally red with white letters. The colors were eventually changed to orange (Pantone 1235C) with black letters and outline. Only the font of the letters remains unchanged. The BIC Boy is described on the corporation's website as "a school boy, with a head in the shape of a ball, holding a pen behind his back." The ball is the tungsten carbide one that was the key feature in Bic's new ballpoint pens in 1961. The schoolboy was designed by Raymond Savignac who also developed the product's advertising campaign which was intended to attract the attention of children. The BIC Boy was added to the left of the rhomboid one year later in 1962.
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- Web page titled "Milford Chamber Through the Years, 1954-2004", at the Milford Chamber of Commerce website, retrieved October 21, 2010; Dolan, Ryan, "BIC moves 350 to Shelton", Fairfield County Business Journal, March 3, 2008, retrieved October 27, 2010
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