Jump to content


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

BINA48 (Breakthrough Intelligence via Neural Architecture 48*)[1] is a robotic face combined with chatbot functionalities, enabling simple conversation facilities. BINA48 is owned by Martine Rothblatt's Terasem Movement.[2] It was developed by Hanson Robotics and released in 2010. Its physical appearance is modeled after Bina Aspen, Rothblatt's wife.

BINA48 connects to the Internet and has thirty-two facial motors under a skin of rubber. Though without a complete body, the head-and-shoulder robotics express sixty-four different facial gestures. It employs a mix off-the-shelf software and customized artificial intelligence algorithms, as well as a microphone, voice recognition software, dictation software, two video cameras, and facial recognition software to remember frequent visitors.


In 2007, Martine Rothblatt commissioned Hanson Robotics to create a robot using her wife, Bina Aspen Rothblatt, as the template.[3] David Hanson created BINA48 in his Plano, Texas, laboratory. The robot is currently housed in Vermont, at the offices of the Terasem Movement Foundation (TMF), and is maintained by TMF's executive director, Bruce Duncan.

Duncan has used BINA48 as a co-presenter at TEDxHarlem in July 2012;[4] at TEDxMadrid in September 2015;[5] at TEDxHavana in November 2015;[6][7] at the Interfaces, Codes, Symbols. The Future of Communication conference in May 2016;[8] at ArtHelsinki in September 2016;[9] at MIT's Emerging Technology Conference in December 2016;[10] at TedXOrlando in June 2017;[11] at Worlds Fair Nano in September 2017;[12] at the Contemporary Museum Baltimore in October 2017;[13] at Howard Community College in March 2018;[14] at Eyebeam in April 2018;[15][Note 1] at Worlds Fair Nano in May 2018;[16] at CES Asia in June 2018;[17] at MIT's Emerging Technology Conference for Latin America in June 2018;[18] at the Ideacity conference in June 2018;[19] at Loeb Enterprises in March 2019;[citation needed] and at the C2 Business Conference in May 2019.[20]

In June 2010, BINA48 was interviewed by The New York Times'.[21] At the March 2012 South by Southwest Interactive Conference, BINA48 became the first robotic panelist to appear at a conference on technology and artificial intelligence.[22] Also in 2012, it appeared as a guest on stern TV [de],[23] a German analogue of CBS's "60 Minutes." In August 2013, it was interviewed in the third episode ("Robosapien") of the SyFy Channel's Joe Rogan Questions Everything.[24] In 2014, BINA48 was interviewed on the Colbert Report [25] as well as on CBS Morning News with Jim Axelrod.[26] In 2016, BINA48 made an appearance in the second episode of the Netflix series "Chelsea Does" and held a brief conversation with Chelsea Handler. In June 2016, BINA48 was interviewed at Sheffield DocFest.[27] In August 2016, BINA48 was interviewed on The View[28] and featured in the first episode of National Geographic's The Story of God with Morgan Freeman.[citation needed] In March 2017, BINA48 was featured in a New York Times photo essay.[29]

BINA48 has been featured in Wired,[30] The New Yorker,[31] Vogue,[32] Forbes,[33] HuffPost,[34][35] Futurism.com,[36] Inside Higher Ed,[37] Black Public Media,[38] ZDNET,[39] Garage,[40] This Is Love,[41] The Nod,[42] The Doctors,[43] Helsingin Sanomat,[44] and Canaltech.[45]

In 2014, artist Stephanie Dinkins started Conversations with BINA48, a project to explore how an algorithm-oriented world would affect various minority groups.[46] In 2015, BINA48 appeared at the Museum of Modern Art's "Ocean of Images" exhibition, part of the DIS Collective's video installation.[47] In 2017, BINA48 was featured in the music video for the Jay-Z song 4:44.[citation needed] In 2020, artist Sasha Stiles based an exhibition (A Valentine for the Future/Ars Poetica Cybernetica) on her conversations with BINA48.

William Barry incorporated living educational theory into BINA48's software, allowing it to become the first robot recognized as a university student by an accredited American university.[48][better source needed] Additionally, Barry used BINA48 to co-teach a class at the United States Military Academy.[49][50]

In the 2012 book Lost at Sea: The Jon Ronson Mysteries, in the chapter "Doesn't Everyone Have a Solar?", author Jon Ronson describes his interview with BINA48 in Vermont. At first, BINA48 speaks in a confused way and a caregiver turns her off and back on again. Towards the end of the interview, she begins to answer with clarity and accuracy about her brother, the real brother of Bina Rothblatt.[51] In an article for The Guardian, Ronson wrote, "And even though my conversation with BINA48 often descended into a crazed babble, there were moments of real clarity."[52]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Stephanie Dinkins and Latoya Peterson were additional co-presenters.


  1. ^ "Sirius XM Founder: Robot Clones Are Coming Thanks to Digital Media". AdWeek. 15 March 2015.
  2. ^ terasemcentral.org Retrieved April 22, 2011.
  3. ^ "The Trans-Everything CEO".
  4. ^ "Android Artificial Lifeforms: BINA48 & Bruce Duncan at TEDxHarlem" (video). YouTube.com TEDxTalks. July 27, 2012.
  5. ^ "Exploring digital immortality Bruce Duncan & Bina48 TEDxMadrid". YouTube.
  6. ^ "AI Project "Mindfiles, Mindware and Digital Immortality"".
  7. ^ "Proyecto de Inteligencia Artificial "Mindfiles, Mindware and Digital Immortality"". Archived from the original on 2014-12-01.
  8. ^ "Conference Interfaces, codes, symbols. The future of communication". Miasto Przyszłości. Archived from the original on 2018-10-23. Retrieved 2018-10-22.
  9. ^ "Humanoid robot Bina48 debutes at ArtHelsinki | Messukeskus" (in Finnish). Retrieved 2018-10-22.
  10. ^ #EmTechFR - EmTech France Highlights, 2015-12-18, retrieved 2018-10-22
  11. ^ "TEDxOrlando | TED". www.ted.com. Retrieved 2018-10-22.
  12. ^ "Future tech, virtual reality, social robots coming to Brooklyn at Worlds Fair Nano | Brooklyn Daily Eagle". www.brooklyneagle.com. 2017-08-24. Retrieved 2018-10-22.
  13. ^ "The Contemporary : Speaker Series". www.contemporary.org. Retrieved 2018-10-22.
  14. ^ "News - Howard Community College Celebrates Diversity Week with Events March 5–9 | Howard Community College". www.howardcc.edu. Retrieved 2018-10-22.
  15. ^ "EYEBEAM ASSEMBLY | Representation in the Age of Digital Consciousness with Stephanie Dinkins & Bina48 | Eyebeam". Eyebeam. Retrieved 2018-10-22.
  16. ^ "Living With an Android: Bina48". Worlds Fair Nano. 2018-01-21. Retrieved 2018-10-22.
  17. ^ "From Incredible to Incredibly Weird: The Best of CES Asia 2018 | Yanko Design". www.yankodesign.com. 26 June 2018. Retrieved 2018-10-22.
  18. ^ "The first Emtech Digital Latam congress is celebrated in Mexico City | Opinno". opinno.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-10-22.
  19. ^ Bina48 + Bruce Duncan - Diversity in AI, 2018-06-21, retrieved 2018-10-22
  20. ^ "BINA48 | The social robot". C2 Montréal. Archived from the original on 2019-07-15. Retrieved 2019-07-15.
  21. ^ Harmon, Amy (June 24, 2010). "Interview with a Robot" Archived 2012-07-29 at the Wayback Machine (video). New York Times website, June 24, 2010. Retrieved April 22, 2011.
  22. ^ Davis, Chad (March 17, 2012). "SXSW Dispatch: BINA48 and the State of A.I. at 'South-by'" (blog). World Future Society wfs.org. Retrieved April 22, 2011.
  23. ^ "Exklusiv, erstmalig, einmalig: Die sprechende Roboterdame Bina 48 bei stern TV (Exclusive, first, The talking robot lady Bina 48 for Stern TV)" (in German). Hamburg, DE: Stern.de. September 20, 2012. Archived from the original on September 20, 2012. Retrieved March 28, 2012.
  24. ^ "Robosapien". Retrieved June 11, 2014.
  25. ^ "The Colbert Report".
  26. ^ "Transgender CEO who overcomes obstacles takes on limits of life". CBS News. 24 September 2014.
  27. ^ "Sheffield Doc/Fest unveils 2016 line-up". Screen. Retrieved 2018-10-22.
  28. ^ "Martine Rothblatt and Wife Bina Show Whoopi Goldberg How They Are Changing the World on "The View" | The View". ABC. Retrieved 2023-06-13.
  29. ^ Evans, Dylan (September 2009). "Robots have feelings too". Nature. 437 (7055): 35. doi:10.1038/437035a. ISSN 0028-0836. S2CID 4322941.
  30. ^ "Robots Aren't Human. You Only Make Them So". WIRED. Retrieved 2018-10-22.
  31. ^ "Silicon Valley's Quest to Live Forever". The New Yorker. Retrieved 2018-10-22.
  32. ^ "Robot Revolution: Meet Sophia, Bina48, and Four Other State-of-the-Art Cyborgs". Vogue. Retrieved 2018-10-22.
  33. ^ Walcutt, Leif. "The Contrived Likeness Of Humanoid Robots". Forbes. Retrieved 2018-10-22.
  34. ^ Raskin, Robin (2017-05-30). "Pondering Creativity, Immortality and Borders with a 100 Year Old Ad Agency". Huffington Post. Retrieved 2018-10-22.
  35. ^ Wosk, Julie (2017-08-22). ""Marjorie Prime"--A Film Where Technology Lets Loved Ones Live Forever". Huffington Post. Retrieved 2018-10-22.
  36. ^ "Six Life-Like Robots That Prove The Future of Human Evolution is Synthetic". Futurism. 2017-08-09. Retrieved 2018-10-22.
  37. ^ "A robot goes to college". Retrieved 2018-10-22.
  38. ^ "Black Like Me: Robot Pushes the Boundaries of Blackness". blackpublicmedia.org. 2018-06-12. Retrieved 2018-10-22.
  39. ^ Foremski, Tom. "When AI becomes conscious: Talking with Bina48, an African-American robot". ZDNet. Retrieved 2018-10-22.
  40. ^ "Humanoid Robot Bina48 Wants Cool Friends and Dreams of Pizza". Garage. 2018-09-04. Retrieved 2018-10-22.
  41. ^ "Episode 7: How to live Forever". this is love podcast.com. Archived from the original on 2018-11-21. Retrieved 2018-11-21.
  42. ^ "My Black Robot Friend | The Nod". Gimlet. Retrieved 2019-07-15.
  43. ^ "Can A Robot of Deceased Loved Ones Help With Grieving?!". The Doctors. 2019-05-10. Retrieved 2019-07-15.
  44. ^ "HS tapasi puhuvan robotin, johon miljonäärin säätiö yrittää siirtää ihmisen tietoisuuden: Bina48 on suorittanut yliopistokursseja mutta kompuroi yksinkertaisessa keskustelussa". Helsingin Sanomat (in Finnish). 2019-07-09. Retrieved 2019-07-15.
  45. ^ "Robô imita o comportamento humano e até conta piadas! - Ciência". Canaltech (in Brazilian Portuguese). 2012-07-20. Retrieved 2019-07-15.
  46. ^ Dinkins, Stephanie (October 19, 2018). "Five Artificial Intelligence Insiders in Their Own Words". The New York Times. Retrieved October 19, 2018.
  47. ^ Woodward, Richard B. (2016-01-13). "'Ocean of Images: New Photography 2015' Review". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2018-10-22.
  48. ^ "A robot goes to college". 21 December 2017.
  49. ^ "Meet the first robot to teach a college course". 16 October 2018.
  50. ^ "An AI-powered robot is teaching ethics to West Point students". Futurism. 2018-10-17. Retrieved 2018-10-22.
  51. ^ Ronson, Jon (2012-10-30). Lost at Sea: The Jon Ronson Mysteries. Penguin. ISBN 9781101612422.
  52. ^ Ronson, Jon (2012-01-20). "Reasons to be cheerful in 2012: It's the year we'll start talking to robots". The Guardian.

External links[edit]