BL 4-inch Mk VII naval gun

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Ordnance BL 4-inch gun Mk VII
BL4inchMkVIIGunHMASAustralia1918.jpg
TypeNaval gun
Place of originUnited Kingdom
Service history
In service1908–1945
Used byUnited Kingdom
WarsWorld War One
World War Two
Production history
No. built600[1]
Specifications
Mass4,704 pounds (2,130 kg) (barrel & breech)[2]
Barrel length201.25 inches (5.112 m) bore (50.3 calibres)[2]

Shell31 pounds (14.06 kg) Common pointed, Common lyddite[2]
Calibre4 inches (101.6 mm)
BreechWelin, Single-motion screw[2]
Elevation-10 degrees to +15 degrees[1]
Rate of fire6-8 rpm
Muzzle velocity2,852 feet per second (869 m/s)[3]
Maximum firing range11,600 yards (10,600 m) at 15°[4]

The BL 4-inch gun Mk VII[note 1] was a British high-velocity naval gun introduced in 1908 as an anti-torpedo boat gun in large ships, and in the main armament of smaller ships.[2] Of the 600 produced, 482 were still available in 1939[1] for use as coastal artillery and as a defensive weapon on Defensively Equipped Merchant Ships (DEMS) during the Second World War.[4]

Naval history[edit]

The guns armed the following warships :

The gun was succeeded in the "heavy" 4-inch class on new warships commissioned from 1914 onwards by the QF 4-inch Mk V. This new generation of warships were more heavily armed, and the BL Mk VII's role as secondary armament on capital ships and primary armament on cruisers was taken over by the BL 6-inch Mk VII and BL 6-inch Mk XII while the 4-inch calibre became the secondary armament on cruisers and primary armament on destroyers.

In World War II many guns were used to arm merchant ships.

World War I field gun service[edit]

East Africa, World War I

A battery of 4 guns mounted on field carriages was first deployed with the South African Heavy Artillery in the German South West Africa campaign in 1915 and returned to England in September. They were then deployed in the East African Campaign from February 1916 with 11th Heavy Battery (renumbered 15th Battery from April 1916) manned by the Royal Marine Artillery.[5]

Image gallery[edit]

Surviving examples[edit]

See also[edit]

Weapons of comparable role, performance and era[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Mk VII = Mark 7. Britain used Roman numerals to denote Marks (models) of ordnance until after World War II. Mark VII indicates this was the seventh model of BL 4-inch gun.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Campbell, Naval Weapons of WWII, p. 43.
  2. ^ a b c d e HANDBOOK for the 4" Mark VII. and VIII. B.L. Guns 1913
  3. ^ 2852 ft/second firing a 31 lb 3 CRH projectile, using 9 lb 5 oz 15 drams cordite MD size 16 propellant. HANDBOOK for the 4" Mark VII. and VIII. B.L. Guns 1913.
  4. ^ a b Campbell, Warship Volume X, p. 53.
  5. ^ Farndale 1988, page 318

Bibliography[edit]

  • HANDBOOK for the 4" Mark VII. and VIII. B.L. Guns 1913 (Corrected to September 1913.) ADMIRALTY Gunnery Branch, G.8652/13
  • Campbell, John (1987). Lambert, Andrew D. (ed.). "British Naval Guns, 1880–1945, No. 17". Warship. 10: 53–55.
  • DiGiulian, Tony. British 4"/50 (10.2 cm) BL Mark VII
  • Farndale, General Sir Martin. History of the Royal Regiment of Artillery : Forgotten Fronts and the Home Base 1914–18. London:The Royal Artillery Institution, 1988
  • Campbell, John (1985). Naval Weapons of World War Two. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-459-4.

External links[edit]