BL 7.5 inch Mk VI naval gun

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Ordnance BL 7.5 inch gun Mk VI
The Royal Navy during the Second World War A24095.jpg
Gun on HMS Frobisher off the south coast of England, 5 June 1944, 12 hours before D-Day
Type Naval gun
Coast defence gun
Place of origin United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service history
In service 1919–1945[1]
Used by Royal Navy
Wars World War II
Production history
No. built 44[2]
Specifications
Weight 14 tonnes (14,000 kg)[2]
Barrel length 337.5 inches (8.6 m); (45 calibres)[2]

Shell 200 pounds (91 kg)[2]
Calibre 7.5-inch (190 mm)[2]
Muzzle velocity 2,770 feet per second (844 m/s)[2]
Maximum firing range 12 miles (19 km)[2]

The BL 7.5 inch gun Mark VI[3] was the 45 calibre naval gun forming the main battery of Royal Navy Hawkins-class cruisers. These ships with seven single gun mounts were significant to the cruiser limitations defined by the Washington Naval Treaty.[4]

Description[edit]

These were built-up guns with two tubes, full-length wire winding, a jacket, and Welin breech block with hand operated Asbury mechanism. The mounting was a CP Mk V a hand-operated central pivot mount with additional power training and elevation provided by a 10HP electric motor and hydraulic pump. Elevation was +30 degrees to -5 degrees and loading was possible up to +10 degrees. The total weight of the mount including its 1in open-backed shield was 45.975 tons. They used two cloth bags each containing 14 kg (31 pounds) of cordite to fire a 200-pound (91-kg) projectile up to 19 kilometres at their maximum elevation of 30 degrees. Useful life expectancy was 650 effective full charges (EFC) per barrel.[2]

Coast defence guns[edit]

Seven guns were installed as coastal artillery in the Netherlands Antilles, five in Mozambique, three in Canada, and three in a battery at South Shields during the Second World War.[2]

Shell trajectory[edit]

Range[2] Elevation Time of flight Descent Impact velocity
5000 yd (4.6 km) 2° 30′ 7 sec 3° 19′ 1799 ft/s (548 m/s)
10000 yd (9.1 km) 7° 3′ 17 sec 12° 32′ 1218 ft/s (371 m/s)
15000 yd (14 km) 15° 21′ 32 sec 27° 33′ 1038 ft/s (316 m/s)
20000 yd (18 km) 27° 59′ 51 sec 44° 35′ 1071 ft/s (326 m/s)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Whitley 1995 pp.77–80
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Campbell 1985 p.33
  3. ^ Mark VI = Mark 6. Britain used Roman numerals to denote Mark (models) of ordnance until after World War II. This was the 6th model of BL 7.5-inch naval gun.
  4. ^ Preston 1980 pp.69–70

Bibliography[edit]

  • Campbell, John (1985). Naval Weapons of World War Two. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-459-4. 
  • Lenton, H.T. & Colledge, J.J (1968). British and Dominion Warships of World War Two. Doubleday and Company. 
  • Preston, Anthony (1980). Cruisers. Prentice-Hall. ISBN 013-194902-0. 
  • Whitley, M.J. (1995). Cruisers of World War Two. Brockhampton Press. ISBN 1-86019-8740. 

External links[edit]