BMP-23 on parade
|Type||Infantry fighting vehicle|
|Place of origin||Bulgaria|
|Crew||3 (7-9 passengers)|
|23 mm automatic cannon 2A14|
9K111 ATGM "Fagot"
|7.62 mm machine gun (PKT)|
|Engine||diesel YaMZ-238N (turbo charged)|
|550 - 600 km|
|Speed||62 km/h (road)|
The BMP-23 (бойна машина на пехотата) is a Bulgarian infantry fighting vehicle which was first introduced in the early 1980s. However, it was based on a design from the Bulgarian design bureau from the 1950s, being presented in 1960. Despite its name, the BMP-23 is very different from the BMP-1 and more similar in function to the BMP-2. The hull is based on that of the Soviet 2S1 self-propelled howitzer (also produced by Bulgaria) with thicker armour and a more powerful diesel engine, which is itself based on a stretched MT-LB chassis. Since the 2S1 is a larger vehicle, the troop transport compartment is not as cramped as that of the BMP-1. The armour is cast steel, capable of withstanding heavy machine gun fire. The turret is armed with a 23-mm autocannon 2A14 from the air-defence gun ZU-23-2 with 600 rounds, and initially an ATGM launcher for the 9K11 Malyutka, today with 9K111 Fagot ATGM.
- BMP-23D - Upgraded variant with 9K111 Fagot ATGM and 81mm smoke grenade launchers.
- BRM-23 - Reconnaissance version, prototype.
- BMP-30 - Modified BMP-23 with the turret taken directly from the BMP-2.
- BMP-23 infantry fighting vehicle (Bulgaria), Armoured personnel carriers (tracked), Jane's Armour and Artillery, 20 October 2010
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