BMW 1 Series
|BMW 1 Series|
|Body and chassis|
|Class||Subcompact executive car (C)|
|Layout||FR layout (2004–2019)|
Front-engine, front-wheel drive (2019–present)
Front-engine, all-wheel drive (2011–present)
|Predecessor||BMW 3 Series Compact|
|Successor||BMW 2 Series (for coupé/convertible)|
The first generation was produced in hatchback, coupe and convertible body styles. Since the second generation (introduced in 2013), the coupé and convertible models have been marketed as the 2 Series, therefore the 1 Series range no longer includes these body styles. A sedan model became available for the Chinese market in 2017.
The 1 Series is BMW's entry level of model range. Unusually for a small car, the 1 Series range was mostly rear-wheel drive, (except for the F52 sedan, which is front-wheel drive). This changed in September 2019 when BMW launched their new model, switching to front-wheel drive.
First generation (E81/E82/E87/E88; 2004–2013)
The first generation of the 1 Series consists of the following body styles:
- 3-door hatchback (E81)
- 5-door hatchback (E87)
- coupe (E82)
- convertible (E88)
This generation was produced from 2004 to 2013 and is sometimes collectively referred to as the E8x. The E8x replaced the 3 Series Compact as the entry level models of the BMW range.
All models were rear-wheel drive, which was a rare configuration in the hatchback market segment, where most cars use front-wheel drive. The engines available were four-cylinder turbo-diesel, four-cylinder naturally aspirated petrol, six-cylinder naturally aspirated petrol and six-cylinder turbocharged petrol (the latter only available on coupe and convertible models).
The 1 Series M Coupé is powered by the BMW N54 turbocharged inline-six engine and uses a six-speed manual transmission. It was produced in only the coupe body style and is considered the predecessor to the BMW M2.
Following the introduction of the F20/F21 1 Series in 2011, the E81/E87 hatchback models began to be phased out. However, the E82/E88 coupes and convertibles remained in production until 2013, when they were replaced by the F22/F23 2 Series models.
Second generation (F20/F21; 2011–2019)
The F20/F21 is the second generation of the 1 Series, which was released in 2011.
The body styles of the F20/F21 range are a 3-door hatchback (model code F21) and a 5-door hatchback (model code F20).
For the second generation of 1 Series, the coupe and convertible models were spun off to create the BMW 2 Series range.
The F20/F21 was initially powered by four-cylinder petrol, four-cylinder diesel and six-cylinder petrol engines. In 2015, three-cylinder petrol and diesel engines were added to the model range. All engines are turbocharged.
Unlike most hatchback competitors, the F20/F21 uses a longitudinally-mounted engine and rear-wheel drive (instead of front-wheel drive) for most models. The F20/F21 is the first 1 Series to offer an optional all-wheel drive (called "xDrive" by BMW).
The 1 series went through a significant face lift in 2015 which mainly consisted of a re-design of the shape of the front and rear light clusters along with changes to the front and rear bumpers to accommodate the new clusters accordingly. They also released a M140i which had a 6-cylinder, 3.0-litre engine producing 340 hp.
1 Series sedan (F52; 2017–present)
The 1 Series (F52) is a four-door sedan that began production in 2017 in China. It is made by BMW Brilliance, a joint venture between BMW and Brilliance Auto. The F52 uses the front-wheel-drive UKL platform shared with the X1 (F48) and Mini Hatch. The car is also sold by BMW in Mexico starting in 2018.
Third generation (F40; 2019–present)
The 1 Series was redesigned for 2019 models, featuring the UKL2 front-wheel-drive platform which is shared with the F48 X1 and the F60 Countryman. It will be offered with 5 engines; the base model is the 116d, while the range-topping model is the M135i xDrive. Transmissions include a six-speed manual, a seven-speed dual clutch automatic and an eight-speed automatic.
- "The all-new BMW 1 Series - The perfect synthesis of agility and space". www.press.bmwgroup.com. Retrieved 2020-10-06.
- "BMW Group PressClub Global". press.bmwgroup.com. Retrieved 2011-10-15.
- Horatiu Boeriu (21 November 2016). "BMW 1 Series Sedan makes world debut at Auto Guangzhou 2016". BMWBLOG. Retrieved 31 January 2017.
- Stefan Ogbac (18 July 2016). "2017 BMW 1 Series Sedan Revealed for Chinese Market". Motor Trend. Retrieved 31 January 2017.
- Golson, Daniel (28 May 2019). "The New BMW 1-Series Is a FWD-Based Hot Hatchback with 302 HP". Car and Driver. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
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