BMW 3 Series (E90)

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BMW 3-Series
(E90/E91/E92/E93)
2005-2008 BMW 320i (E90) sedan (2011-07-17) 01.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer BMW
Production December 2004 – October 2012
Assembly Leipzig, Germany
Munich, Germany
Toluca, Mexico
Jakarta, Indonesia
Regensburg, Germany
Pretoria, South Africa
6th of October City, Egypt[1]
Kaliningrad, Russia[2]
Shenyang, China[3]
Chennai, India[4]
Selangor, Malaysia[5][6]
Designer Joji Nagashima (saloon)[7]
Marc Michael Markefka (Coupé, Cabriolet)[8]
Christoph Nordmann (wagon)
Body and chassis
Class Small family car/C-segment(C)
Body style 4-door Saloon (E90)
5-door wagon (E91)
2-door coupé (E92)
2-door cabriolet (E93)
Layout FR layout
F4 layout (Xi and Xd models)
Related BMW M3
BMW X3
Powertrain
Engine Gasoline
1.6L I4
2.0L I4
2.5L I6
3.0L I6
3.0L TT I6
4.0L V8
Diesel
2.0L I4
3.0L I6
3.0L TT I6
Chronology
Predecessor E46 3 Series
Successor F30/F31 3 Series,
F32/F33 4 Series

The BMW E90/E91/E92/E93 series is the fifth generation of the BMW 3 Series range of entry-level luxury cars, and was produced from 2004 to 2013. The body styles of the range are:

Due to the separate model codes for each body style, the term "E9X" is sometimes used to describe this generation of the 3 Series.

The range was introduced in 2004 with the sedan and estate body styles. The coupe was introduced in 2006 and the cabriolet was introduced in 2007. In 2012, the E90/E91 sedans and wagons were replaced by the BMW F30/F31 models. However, the E92/E93 coupes and cabriolets remained in production until 2013, when they were replaced by the BMW F32/F33 models.

In 2007, the 335i became the first 3 Series model to be sold with a turbocharged petrol engine. The E90 was also saw the introduction of run-flat tyres to the 3 Series range. Consequently, cars with run-flats are not equipped with a spare tyre.

The E90/E92/E93 M3 was powered by the BMW S65 v8 engine. It was released in 2007 and was produced in sedan, coupe and cabriolet body styles.

Sedan (E90)[edit]

E90 sedan
2006 BMW 325i -- NHTSA.jpg
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,760 mm (108.7 in)
Length 4,520 mm (178.0 in)[9][10]
Width 1,820 mm (71.7 in)
Height 1,420 mm (55.9 in)

The saloon model was the first model sold of the 5th generation BMW 3 series. Debuting in the US in 2005 as a 2006 model, the E90 came in two trims, the 325i/xi and 330i/xi models. Later, the 3 Series lineup received an engine boost with the debuts of the 2007 328i/xi and 335i/xi models, the 335i/xi receiving the new 3.0L twin-turbo inline-6 engine.

The Canadian 3 Series followed the US very closely, and also had an additional trim in the 323i RWD sedan. As the base model, the 323i does not have available or optional; Xenon headlamps, fog lamps, automatic climate control, power-adjustable seats, satellite navigation, premium audio, and Dakota leather upholstery. Amenities like a glass sunroof, heated front seats, Bluetooth, and USB input are options on the 323i that are standard on the more expensive 3 Series trims.[11][12][13] In 2011, the BMW 323i Luxury Edition was released, which included an automatic transmission, 17-inch alloy wheels, electric front seats, Bluetooth and USB compatibility, and an electric glass sunroof.[14][15]

Pre-facelift BMW 320i (E90), Australia 
Base model interior 

Wagon (E91)[edit]

E91 wagon
BMW 318i Touring (E91, seit 2008) front MJ.JPG
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,760 mm (109 in)
Length 4,520 mm (178 in)
Width 1,820 mm (72 in)
Height 1,420 mm (56 in)
Pre-facelift BMW 328i wagon (USA)

The E91 wagon body style is known as the 3 Series Touring or Sports Wagon. Optional equipment included a panoramic sunroof, which extends to the rear passenger area.

Trim levels typically were similar to the E90 sedan, however there was no M3 variant of the E91. As per the E90, powertrains used a range of petrol and diesel I-6 and I-4 engines, paired with RWD and/or xDrive AWD.[16] Markets such as the United States and Canada, however, offered but a small subset of their already limited E90 trims. In these two markets, only the 325xi with AWD was available prior to 2007,[17] and only the 328i in RWD and xDrive AWD forms was offered from 2007 onwards.[18]

Coupé (E92)[edit]

E92 coupe
2006-2010 BMW 325i (E92) coupe (2011-07-17) 01.jpg
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,760 mm (109 in)
Length 2007–2010: 4,580 mm (180 in)
2011–2013: 4,610 mm (181 in)
Width 1,782 mm (70 in)
Height 1,395 mm (55 in)

The two-door iteration of the 3-Series became available in August 2006 as a 2007 model, being released one year after the saloon. The E92 is available in the 316i, 318i, 320i, 323i, 325i, 325xi, 328i, 328xi, 330i, 330xi, 335i, 335is, 335xi, 320d, 320xd, 325d, 330d, 330xd, 335d, M3, and M3 GTS.

Pre-facelift BMW 335i (E92), Australia

The interior shares the same dashboard, center console, and front bucket seats as the saloon. A small metallic strip outlines the steering wheel. Metallic materials of the door handle, steering wheel trim, radio knob bezels, air con vents, and automatic transmission shift levers are chrome in the coupé as opposed to aluminium in the saloon. The door panels are much longer, it seats two passengers in the rear instead of the three-person bench, and also includes a rear centre console tray. A "Creamy" Beige leather interior with a much lighter tone is offered in the coupé instead of the standard Beige color as seen in the saloon.

The coupé also features frameless doors like its E46 predecessor. There are also retractable arms that extend from the B-pillar to hand the seat belt to the driver and/or passenger when the key fob is in the ignition and the door is closed. Coupe models have more standard features than sedans, such as Xenon HID head lamps.

Cabriolet (E93)[edit]

E93 cabriolet
BMW E93 325i Saphirschwarz geschlossen.JPG
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,760 mm (109 in)
Length 4,612 mm (182 in)
Width 1,782 mm (70 in)
Height 1,384 mm (54 in)

The 3 Series cabriolet is the first model in BMW's lineup with a 3-piece folding aluminium hard-top roof, instead of the cloth roof used by previous models. The "Comfort Access" option allows the roof to be raised and lowered using the key fob. Overall visibility is up 38 percent, thanks to the side windows which are 30 percent larger, compared to the E46 3 Series Cabriolet.[19]

Pre-facelift BMW 325i (E93) with roof retracted, Germany
Pre-facelift BMW 325i (E93) with roof unretracted, Australia

At the time of release, E93 was one of few retractable hardtops in its price range.[20] Other manufacturers have since produced similar retractable hardtop convertibles, such as the Lexus IS C and Infiniti G37 convertible, to compete with the BMW 3 Series.[21]

Although the BMW 3 Series convertible is considerably more expensive than its direct rivals, it has been considered by reviewers to be better engineered, in regards to passenger/boot space (even with the roof down) and driving dynamics (particularly weight and chassis rigidity).[22][23][24][25]

Engines[edit]

Petrol[edit]

Model Years Engine Power Torque 0–100 km/h
316i 2007-2013 N45B16 85 kW (114 hp) 150 N·m (111 lb·ft) 11.0
316i 2007-2013 N43B16 90 kW (121 hp) 160 N·m (118 lb·ft) 10.8
318i 2005–2007 N46B20U1 95 kW (127 hp) 180 N·m (133 lb·ft) 10.0
318i 2007-2013 N46B20U2 100 kW (134 hp) 180 N·m (133 lb·ft) 9.8
318i 2007-2013 N43B20 105 kW (141 hp) 190 N·m (140 lb·ft) 9.1
320i 2005–2007 N46B20O1 110 kW (148 hp) 200 N·m (148 lb·ft) 9.0 s
320i 2007–2011 N46B20BD 115 kW (154 hp) 200 N·m (148 lb·ft) 9.0 s
320i 2007-2013 N43B20O0 125 kW (168 hp) 210 N·m (155 lb·ft) 8.2 s
320si 2005-2007 N45B20S 127 kW (170 hp) 210 N·m (155 lb·ft) 8.1 s
323i 2005–2007 N52B25 130 kW (174 hp) 230 N·m (170 lb·ft) 7.9 s
323i 2007-2013 N52B25 149 kW (200 hp) 244 N·m (180 lb·ft) 7.4 s
325i 2005–2007 N52B25O1 160 kW (215 hp) 250 N·m (184 lb·ft) 7.0 s
325i 2007-2013 N53B30U0 160 kW (215 hp) 270 N·m (199 lb·ft) 6.7
328i 2007-2013 N52B30 172 kW (231 hp) 271 N·m (200 lb·ft) 6.1
330i 2005-2007 N52B30O0 190 kW (255 hp) 300 N·m (221 lb·ft) 5.6
330i 2007-2013 N53B30O0 200 kW (268 hp) 320 N·m (236 lb·ft) 5.5
335i 2006–2009 N54B30O0 225 kW (302 hp) 400 N·m (295 lb·ft) 4.8
335i 2009-2013 N55B30 225 kW (302 hp) 400 N·m (295 lb·ft) 4.7
335is 2010-2013 N54B30 236 kW (316 hp) 450 N·m (332 lb·ft) 4.5 (DCT)
M3 2006-2013 S65B40 309 kW (414 hp) 400 N·m (295 lb·ft) 4.0 (DCT)
M3 GTS 2010-2011 S65B44 331 kW (444 hp) 440 N·m (325 lb·ft) 3.6 (DCT)

Diesel[edit]

Model Years Engine Power Torque 0–100 km/h
316d 2009–2011 N47D20 85 kW (114 hp) 260 N·m (192 lb·ft) 10.9
318d 2005–2007 M47TU2D20 90 kW (121 hp) 280 N·m (207 lb·ft) 10.6
318d 2007–2011 N47D20 105 kW (141 hp) 320 N·m (236 lb·ft) 9.1
320d 2005–2009 M47TU2D20 120 kW (161 hp) 340 N·m (251 lb·ft) 8.3
320d 2009–2013 N47D20 130 kW (174 hp) 350 N·m (258 lb·ft) 7.9
320d 2010–2012 N47D20 135 kW (181 hp) 380 N·m (280 lb·ft) 7.6
320d
EfficientDynamics
2010–2013 N47D20 120 kW (161 hp) 380 N·m (280 lb·ft) 8.0
325d 2006–2009 M57TU2D30 145 kW (194 hp) 400 N·m (295 lb·ft) 7.4
325d 2010–2012 N57D30U0 150 kW (201 hp) 430 N·m (317 lb·ft) 7.0
330d 2005–2008 M57TU2D30 170 kW (228 hp) 500 N·m (369 lb·ft) 6.7
330d 2008–2012 N57D30O0 180 kW (241 hp) 520 N·m (384 lb·ft) 6.1
335d 2006–2013 M57TU2D30 210 kW (282 hp) 580 N·m (428 lb·ft) 6.0

N54 fuel pump failures[edit]

Some E90/E91/E92/E93 models using the N54 engine experienced high pressure fuel pump (HPFP) problems.

Suspension[edit]

At the front, aluminium MacPherson struts are used. The rear suspension is a steel 5-link Multi-link suspension.[26]

Safety[edit]

Euro NCAP scores[27]
Adult Occupant: 5/5 stars
Child Occupant: 4/5 stars
Pedestrian: 1/4 stars

The Euro NCAP noted the poor pedestrian protection awarding 4 points out of 36, reporting the 3-series was "very disappointing" in this measure.

IIHS[edit]

The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) gives the 3-series a "Good" overall rating in both the frontal and side impact crash tests. The 3-series received "Good" marks in all six of the frontal crash test categories,[28] and "Good" marks in six of the nine categories in the side impact test.[29] The IIHS also gave the 3-series the Top Safety Pick award. The convertible is rated "Marginal" in side impacts,[30] making the 3-series convertible the lowest rated vehicle currently sold in its class in IIHS tests.[31]

2008 sedan NHTSA scores[32]
Frontal Driver: 4/5 stars
Frontal Passenger: 4/5 stars
Side Rear Driver: 5/5 stars
Side Rear Passenger: 5/5 stars
Rollover: 4/5 stars

Production[edit]

In 2002, Norbert Reithofer and Development Chief Burkhard Goeschel started an initiative to halve the time it took to reach full production of the next generation 3-series from six months to three.[33]

First marketed in March 2005, the car quickly became BMW Group's best-selling motorcar worldwide, and by the end of the year 229.900 vehicles had been delivered.[34]

The BMW E90 series was the best-selling luxury car in Canada and the United States. The 2006 E90 marked the 15th consecutive year that the 3-series was named Car and Driver's 10Best.[35][36]

The E90 had broad appeal, and was BMW's highest selling model of the time and the highest selling luxury car in the US and Canada.[34][36][37]

Production period[edit]

BMW plant in Leipzig, Germany: Spot welding of BMW 3 series car bodies with KUKA industrial robots.
  • Saloon (E90): December 2004 – April 2009
  • M3 Saloon (E90): January 2008 – September 2008
  • Saloon (E90) LCI: September 2008 – October 2011
  • Touring (E91): September 2005 – September 2008
  • Touring (E91) LCI: from September 2008 - January 2012
  • Coupé (E92): June 2006 – March 2010
  • M3 Coupé (E92): September 2007 – March 2010
  • Coupé (E92) LCI: from March 2010
  • M3 Coupé (E92) LCI: from March 2010 – November 2012
  • M3 GTS (E92): April 2010 – December 2011
  • M3 CRT (E90): June 2011 – October 2011
  • Convertible (E93): December 2006 – March 2010
  • M3 Convertible (E93): March 2008 – March 2010
  • Convertible (E93) LCI: from March 2010
  • M3 Convertible (E93) LCI: from March 2010 – July 2013

Units sold[edit]

Units sold according to BMW's annual reports:[38]

Year Total Sedan Touring Coupé Cabriolet Note
2005 256,981 229,932 27,049 - - Saloon launched in March, Touring introduced in September.
2006 463,820 336,232 105,483 22,105 - Coupé introduced in September.
2007 555,135 310,194 102,399 89,572 52,970 Convertible launched in March.
2008 474,208 246,231 93,191 79,248 55,538
2009 397,103 219,850 84,601 54,852 37,800
Total 2,147,247 1,341,739 412,723 245,777 146,308

Model year changes[edit]

2008: E90/E91 facelift (LCI)[edit]

sedan (E90) since 9/2008
sedan (E90) since 9/2008
Touring (E91) since 9/2008
Touring (E91) since 9/2008

In September 2008, the facelift (LCI) versions of the Saloon and Estate were released as 2009 models. Compared to typically subtle BMW facelift changes, the change to the E90 and E91 were relatively extensive.

Mechanical changes included an increase in rear track of 24 mm (0.94 in) for some models, a power increase for the 320d from 177 to 184 bhp (137 kW; 187 PS) and the N57 engine replacing the M57 for the 330d model[39]

Styling changes included front and rear bumpers, wing mirrors, headlights, taillights, boot lid and revised crease lines for the bonnet. The BMW kidney grilles were re-arranged with a wider appearance, and lose two flat inserts attached to the bonnet; taking on a classic rounded shape.

For the interior, crash-activated head restraints were added to the front seats, the optional "Professional" navigation system was updated, iDrive was updated and the resolution of the display was increased.

2010 model year[edit]

BMW 325i convertible (Australia)

For the 2010 model year, [40] the Sport, Lifestyle and Exclusive Edition were introduced for Saloon and Estate models. The 316d estate model was added, as was the 320d EfficientDynamics Edition saloon.

Mechanical changes included compliance with the EU5 emission standard, EU6 emission compliance (optional) for the 320d and 330d models, power increases for the 318d, 320d, 325d and 330d models, the N54 engine in the 335i being replaced by N55 engine, and additional features for BMW ConnectedDrive.

M3 performance version[edit]

The M3 version was powered by the BMW S65 v8 engine and produced in sedan, coupe and cabriolet body styles.

Special Editions[edit]

Andy Priaulx's BMW 320si WTCC.

320si (2005–2006)[edit]

To satisfy homologation requirements for the FIA World Touring Car Championship (WTCC), BMW built 2600 units of the 320si.[41]

BMW WTCC works driver Andy Priaulx won two of his three consecutive World Championships in the 320si E90 as well as four other drivers achieving over 35 wins in the championship since the cars release. The BMW 320si is used by a few teams in the British Touring Car Championship (BTCC). Colin Turkington won the 2009 BTCC Drivers championship using the BMW 320si.

335is (2011–2013)[edit]

BMW 335is (E93) with roof retracted
335is convertible in coupe form.

The 335is was produced in coupé and convertible models for the North American market. It sat between the regular 335i and the M3 in the model line-up, and approximately 7,000 units were produced. The 335is uses a higher performance version of the N54 engine from the 2006-2009 335i, which increases boost from 8.7 to 11.6 PSI.[42] This results in 320 horsepower and 332 lb-ft of torque, plus an overboost function raises torque to 370 lb-ft for up to 7 seconds.

The 335is has stiffer engine mounts and an upgraded cooling system, with a heavy-duty radiator fan and two heat exchangers, one an engine oil cooler, the other a secondary coolant radiator. To accommodate these heat exchangers, which are located ahead of each front wheel, the 335is has larger air openings, similar to the M3. Fog lights were removed from the coupé version to allow for the openings, although they remain on the convertible version. In addition, the 335is is equipped with a revised, high-flow exhaust system, with the twin exhaust pipes finished in matte black, and a rear bumper that incorporates a diffuser-style piece.

Transmission options were a 7-speed double clutch transmission (DCT) with launch control, or a 6-speed manual transmission controlled by a short-throw "M" stick. The manual transmission has a heavy-duty clutch with more holding power than the regular 335i.

Interior upgrades include a thicker, "M" steering wheel, "M" steel pedals, standard sport seats, "M" door sills, and textured aluminium trim.[43][44] Exterior differences are black kidney grills, and "Style 313" split-five spoke "M" wheels in 18-inch or 19-inch size.

Motorsports[edit]

The E92 Art Car entered the 2010 24 Hours of Le Mans race, with Andy Priaulx (GB), Dirk Müller (DE) and Dirk Werner (DE) driving the number 78 car[45][46] which failed to complete the race.[47]

Awards[edit]

  • In April 2006, the E90 was awarded the World Car of the Year title. The car was praised for its balance between performance and practicality, as well as between style and seriousness. The jury also praised the new diesel engines and the all-wheel-drive variants.[48]
  • Car and Driver magazine listed the E90 3 Series on their Ten Best list for the 16th time in 24 years of the list's publication.
  • The E90 was named "Best New Sports Saloon" in the 2006 Canadian Car of the Year awards.
  • It was Japan's Import Car of the Year for 2005–06.
  • The British motoring magazine What Car? awarded it Car of the Year 2006. From 2006 to 2011, they also awarded it Compact Executive of the Year.
  • In April 2011, the E90 335d saloon won the 2011 Diesel Car of the Year award, an honour bestowed by The Diesel Driver magazine's readers, receiving 29,6% of the vote.
  • The British motoring magazine What Car? awarded the BMW 320d EfficientDynamics Auto the Overall Winner Green Car of the Year 2012. The clean diesel BMW 320d has a UK combined fuel economy of 56 mpg and low emissions of just 110g/km of CO2.[49]

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External links[edit]