BMW 5 Series

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BMW 5 Series
BMW G30 FL IMG 5351.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerBMW
Production1972–present
Body and chassis
ClassExecutive car (E)
Body style4-door sedan
5-door wagon
5-door fastback (F07)
LayoutFR layout,
F4 layout (xDrive models)
Chronology
PredecessorBMW New Class

The BMW 5 Series is an executive car manufactured and marketed by BMW since 1972, succeeding the New Class Sedans, and currently in its seventh generation.

The 5 Series was initially available as a sedan, with a wagon/estate body style (marketed as "Touring") added in 1991 and a 5-door fastback configuration (marketed as "Gran Turismo") available from 2009 to 2017. Each successive generation carries a distinct internal E- designation.

The first generation of 5 Series was powered by naturally aspirated four-cylinder and six-cylinder petrol engines. Following generations have been powered by four-cylinder, six-cylinder, V8 and V10 engines that are either naturally aspirated or turbocharged. Since 1982, diesel engines have been included in the 5 Series range.

The 5 Series is BMW's second best-selling model after the 3 Series.[1] On 29 January 2008, the 5 millionth 5 Series was manufactured, a 530d sedan in Carbon Black Metallic.[2]

BMW's three-digit model naming convention began with the first 5 Series,[3] thus the 5 Series was BMW's first model line to use "Series" in the name.

Since the E28, all generations of 5 Series have included an "M" model, called the BMW M5.

First generation (E12; 1972–1981)[edit]

E12 front
E12 rear

The E12 is the first generation of 5 Series, and was manufactured for model years 1972-1981. It replaced the New Class sedans and was produced in the sedan body style. The initial models were powered by four-cylinder engines, with a six-cylinder engine introduced a year later.

There was no M5 model for the E12, however the E12 M535i is considered the predecessor to the M5.[4][5]

The E12 was replaced by the E28 in 1981, with E12 production continuing until 1984, in South Africa.

Second generation (E28; 1981–1988)[edit]

E28 front
E28 rear

The E28 is the second generation of 5 Series, manufactured for model years 1981-1988 as a sedan. It was initially offered with petrol four-cylinder and six-cylinder engines.

In 1983, a diesel engine became available for the first time in a 5 Series. The E28 was the first 5 Series with the centre console angled towards the driver and the option of anti-lock brakes (ABS).[6]

The E28 M5 began a line of M5 high performance models that has continued through every generation since. It was powered by the S38B35 and the M88/3 six-cylinder engines.

Third generation (E34; 1988–1996)[edit]

E34 front
E34 rear

The E34 is the third generation of the 5 Series, manufactured for model years 1988-1996. It was launched in the sedan body style, with the range expanded in 1990 to include the "Touring" wagon/estate body style.

The E34 was the first 5 Series to be available with the wagon body style, all-wheel drive and V8 engines. It also saw the introduction of stability control (ASC), traction control (ASC+T) a 6-speed manual transmission and adjustable damping (EDC) to the 5 Series range.

Nine different engine families were used over its lifetime, consisting of four-cylinder, six-cylinder and V8 petrol engines, and six-cylinder diesel engines.

The E34 M5 is powered by the S38 six-cylinder engine and was produced in sedan and wagon body styles.

Fourth generation (E39; 1995–2003)[edit]

E39 front
E39 rear

The E39 is the fourth generation of 5 Series, which was manufactured for model years 1995-2004. It was launched in the sedan body style, with the wagon/estate body style (marketed as "Touring") introduced in 1996.

The E39 was the first 5 Series to use aluminium components in the front suspension. The proportion of chassis components using aluminium significantly increased for the E39,[7] in order to reduce weight. It was also the first 5 Series where a four-cylinder diesel engine was available.

V8 models used recirculating ball steering (as per previous 5 Series generations), however rack and pinion steering was used for the first time, in the four-cylinder and six-cylinder models. Unlike its E34 predecessor and E60 successor, the E39 was not available with all-wheel drive.

The E39 M5 sedan was introduced in 1998, powered by the 4.9-litre S62 V8 engine.

Fifth generation (E60/E61; 2003–2010)[edit]

E60 front
E60 rear

The E60/E61 is the fifth generation of the 5 Series, which was sold from 2003 to 2010. The body styles of the range are:

The E60 generation introduced various electronic features to the 5 Series, including iDrive, head-up display, active cruise control, active steering and voice control. The E60 also was the first 5 Series available with a turbocharged petrol engine, a 6-speed automatic transmission and regenerative braking. New safety features for the E60 included adaptive headlights, night vision, active headrests, Lane Departure Warning and high intensity emergency brake lights.

The E60/E61 M5 was released in 2005 and was powered by the S85 V10 engine. It was sold in the sedan and wagon body styles, with most cars using a 7-speed automated manual transmission ("SMG III"). However in the North American Markets, there was the option to buy the BMW M5 in a manual version.

Sixth generation (F10/F11/F07/F18; 2010–2017)[edit]

F10 front
F10 rear

The BMW F10/F11/F07/F18 is the sixth generation of the BMW 5 Series, which was manufactured for model years 2010-2017.[8][9] The body styles of the range are:

The F07 Gran Turismo was the only 5 Series to date produced as a fastback. The F10 was also the first 5 Series to offer a hybrid drivetrain, a turbocharged V8 engine, an 8-speed automatic transmission, a dual-clutch transmission (in the all f10 series ), active rear-wheel steering (called "Integral Active Steering"), electric power steering, double-wishbone front suspension, an LCD instrument cluster (called "Black Panel Display") and automatic parking (called "Parking Assistant").[10]

The F10 M5 was powered by the S63 twin-turbo V8 engine with a 7-speed dual clutch transmission. It was the first M5 to use a turbocharged engine. Like the previous generation, the F10 M5, in North America was sold with a manual transmission.[11]

Seventh generation (G30/G31/G38; 2017–present)[edit]

G30 front
G30 rear

The BMW G30/G31/G38 is the seventh generation of the 5 Series. It was officially announced in October 2016, and sales began in February 2017.[12][13][14]

Body styles included:

The fastback 5 Series GT model from the previous generation is no longer offered, and was moved to the 6 Series range.[15]

The G30 is based on the same modular platform as the 7 Series (G11). BMW plans to release a saloon- and estate-style plug-in hybrid, the 530e iPerformance, which would have the advanced driver-assistance systems found in the 7 Series.[16]

The F90 M5 is the M5 performance model for the G30 generation, and is the first M5 to employ an all-wheel drive powertrain. The X-Drive system allowed for the front differential to disconnect and provide a rear-wheel drive experience to the vehicle. It is powered by an upgraded version of the S63 twin-turbo V8 engine used in the previous generation F10 M5.[17]


Production and sales[edit]

Current production is located in Dingolfing, Germany, Shenyang, China and Magna Steyr, Austria.

Calendar year Total production US sales China sales
1995 22,637[18]
1996 22,775
1997 228,800[19] -
1998 221,600[19] -
1999 201,400[19] 38,218[20]
2000 191,546[19] 39,703
2001 193,948[19] 40,005[21]
2002 172,323[19] 40,842
2003 185,481[19] 46,964[22]
2004 229,598[19] 45,584[23]
2005 228,389[19] 52,722[24]
2006 232,193[19] 56,756
2007 230,845[25] 54,142
2008 202,287[26] 45,915
2009 175,982[27] 40,109[28]
2010 211,968[29] 39,488 42,076[30]
2011 332,501 51,491[31]
2012 359,016 56,798
2013 366,992[32] 56,863[33]
2014 373,053 52,704[34]
2015 347,096[35] 44,162[36]
2016 331,410[37] 32,408

References[edit]

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