BMW 5 Series (F10)

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BMW 5 Series
(F10/F11/F07)
BMW 550i (F10) – Frontansicht (2), 17. Juli 2011, Mettmann.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerBMW
Production2010–2017
Assembly
Designer
  • Jacek Fröhlich
  • Jean-Francois Alexandre Huet (Touring only)
Body and chassis
ClassExecutive car (E)
Body style
Layout
Powertrain
Engine
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,970 mm (116.9 in)[1]
Length4,910–5,000 mm (193.3–196.9 in)[2]
Width1,860 mm (73.2 in)
Height1,460 mm (57.5 in)
Curb weight1,670–2,065 kg (3,682–4,553 lb)[3][4]
Chronology
PredecessorBMW 5 Series (E60)
SuccessorBMW 5 Series (G30)

The sixth generation of the BMW 5 Series consists of the BMW F10 (sedan version), BMW F11 (wagon version, marketed as 'Touring') and BMW F07 (fastback version, marketed as 'Gran Turismo') executive cars. The F10/F11/F07 was produced from 2010 to 2017 and is often collectively referred to as the F10.[5][6]

The F07 version is the first and only 5 Series to be produced in a fastback body style. The F10 generation is also the first 5 Series to offer a hybrid drivetrain, a forces induction V8 engine, an 8-speed automatic transmission, a dual-clutch transmission (in the M5), active rear-wheel steering (called "Integral Active Steering"), electric power steering, double-wishbone front suspension, an LCD instrument cluster (called "Black Panel Display") and automatic parking (called "Parking Assistant").[7] A long-wheelbase sedan version (model code F18) was sold in China, Mexico and the Middle East.

The F10 M5, introduced in 2011, is powered by the S63 twin-turbocharged V8 engine coupled to a 7-speed dual clutch transmission. It is the first M5 to use a forced induction engine.

In February 2017, the BMW 5 Series (G30) began production as the successor to the F10.[8]

Development[edit]

From November 2005 to December 2006, the exterior was designed by Jacek Fröhlich under the leadership of BMW Group Design Director Adrian van Hooydonk.[9][10] The Touring version was designed by Jean-Francois Alexandre Huet.[11]

The F10 was unveiled in Munich on 23 November 2009.[12]

Body styles[edit]

Sedan (F10)[edit]

The sedan was the second body style to be launched. It was unveiled at the Munich Olympic Stadium in 2009.[13]

Touring (F11)[edit]

The Touring model was unveiled at the 2010 Leipzig Auto Show.[14]

Gran Turismo (F07)[edit]

The 5 Series Gran Turismo is a 5-door fastback body style which was introduced in 2009. It is longer and taller than the 5 Series Sedan/Touring models and has a hatchback rear door.[15] The tailgate has a unique two-way opening mechanism, which may be opened in a traditional car-like fashion, or the entire hatch may be open in a traditional SUV fashion for larger objects.[16][17] The 5 Series GT features frameless doors, which is a first for a four-door BMW model.[18][19][20][21][22]

Although sold as part of the 5 Series range, is suggested that the Gran Turismo chassis has more in common with the F01 7 Series,[23] Due to its tall proportions, the F07 has been described as a "7 Series hatchback".[24][25] It has a wheelbase of 120.7 in (3,066 mm), a front track width of 63.4 in (1,610 mm) and a rear track width of 65.1 in (1,654 mm).[26][27] When combined with the raised roofline, this results in more passenger and luggage space than the E61 5 Series wagon/estate and similar headroom to the E70 X5 and F01 7 Series[28] .[29][30][31] The cargo capacity is 439 L (15.5 cu ft) with the seats raised, or (1,801 L (63.6 cu ft) with the rear seats flat and the partition stowed.[32][33] All F07 models use an 8-speed automatic transmission.[34]

The 5 Series GT was introduced as the BMW Concept 5 Series Gran Turismo at the 2009 Geneva Motor Show[35][36][37] and the production version was unveiled at the 2009 International Motor Show Germany in Frankfurt[38] and sales began in the fourth quarter of 2009.[39][40] In most countries the 5 Series GT was sold alongside previous generation E60/E61 5 Series sedan and wagon/estate models, therefore the 5 Series GT was the first model of the F10/F11/F07 generation to be launched.[41] The F07 535i GT was the first model to use the N55 turbocharged straight-six engine, which replaced the N54.[42][43] Sales of all-wheel drive ("xDrive") models began in June 2010.[44]

For the following G30 generation, the Gran Turismo models were moved to the 6 Series model range and renamed the G32 6 Series Gran Turismo.[45]

Long wheelbase sedan (F18)[edit]

A long wheelbase (LWB) version of the BMW 5 Series Sedan was developed for the Chinese market, as a cheaper alternative to the 7 Series. The wheelbase of the F18 is extended by 14 cm (5.5 in) over the standard 5 Series sedan.[46]

The LWB 5 Series was assembled at BMW Plant Shenyang in Shenyang.[47]

Styling[edit]

The F10 uses a more traditional BMW exterior styling approach compared with the controversial styling of its E60 5 Series predecessor.[48] The "Bangle butt" is removed,[49] a Hofmeister kink is present,[50] a traditional kidney grill is used and crease lines are used on the bonnet (similar to the E39 5 Series and earlier generations).[51] Reviews of the styling have ranged from slightly bland, to handsome and muscular.[48][50][52][53][54]

Interior / equipment[edit]

Interior

The interior features an updated iDrive system[55] and a 13 mm (0.5 in) increase in rear knee-room for rear passengers.[50] The F10 saw the return of the centre console being angled towards the driver,[56][57] as used on the 5 Series from 1981 to 2003.

The equipment available on the F10 includes regenerative braking,[25] a driving mode selector ("Dynamic Drive Control"0 with Comfort, Normal, Sport and Sport+ modes,[27] an 80 GB hard disc for navigation data and music storage,[58] Head-Up Display, radar cruise control which can completely stop the car and accelerate from a standstill ("Active Cruise Control with Stop and Go"),[59] blind spot monitoring,[33] lane departure warning system,[33] night vision[60] rear-wheel steering ("Integral Active Steering"),[61] side-facing cameras in the front bumper ("Sideview"),[62] a virtual overhead graphic of the car to assist with parking ("Topview")[60] and speed limit display,[63] which uses a camera to recognise street signs and display the speed limit.

Engines[edit]

Petrol[edit]

In Europe, the naturally aspirated six-cylinder models used the direct-injection N53 engine. However, many countries outside Europe continued to use the older N52 engine instead, due to high sulfur levels in the locally available petrol.

The factory ratings are as follows:[64][65][66][67][68][69][70][71][72][73]

Model Years Engine Power Torque Notes
520i 2011–2016 N20B20
turbo I4
135 kW (181 bhp)
at 5,200–6,250 rpm
270 N⋅m (199 lb⋅ft)
at 1,250–4,500 rpm
Except Greece
and Turkey
N20B16
turbo I4
125 kW (168 bhp)
at 5,000 rpm
250 N⋅m (184 lb⋅ft)
at 1,500–4,700 rpm
Greece and
Turkey only[74]
523i 2010–2011 N52B25
N.A. I6
150 kW (201 bhp)
at 6,400 rpm
250 N⋅m (184 lb⋅ft)
at 2,750 rpm
Asia only
N53B30
N.A. I6
150 kW (201 bhp)
at 6,100 rpm
270 N⋅m (199 lb⋅ft)
at 1,500–4,250 rpm
Europe only
528i 2010–2011 N53B30
N.A. I6
190 kW (255 bhp)
at 6,600 rpm
310 N⋅m (229 lb⋅ft)
at 2,600–5,000 rpm
Europe only
N52B30
N.A. I6
179 kW (240 bhp)
at 6,600 rpm
299 N⋅m (221 lb⋅ft)
at 2,750 rpm
Outside Europe
2012–2016 N20B20
turbo I4
180 kW (241 bhp)
at 5,000–6,500 rpm
350 N⋅m (258 lb⋅ft)
at 1,250–4,800 rpm
530i 2011–2013 N53B30
N.A. I6
200 kW (268 bhp)
at 6,100 rpm
320 N⋅m (236 lb⋅ft)
at 1,600–4,250 rpm
Europe only
535i 2009–2017 N55B30
turbo I6
225 kW (302 bhp)
at 5,800 rpm
400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft)
at 1,200–5,000 rpm
550i 2009–2013 N63B44
turbo V8
300 kW (402 bhp)
at 5,500–6,400 rpm
600 N⋅m (443 lb⋅ft)
at 1,750–4,500 rpm
2014–2017 331 kW (444 bhp)
at 5,500–6,400 rpm
F07 version began in 2012
M5 2012–2016 S63B44TU
turbo V8
412 kW (553 bhp)
at 6,000–7,000 rpm
680 N⋅m (502 lb⋅ft)
at 1,500–5,700 rpm
ActiveHybrid
5
2011–2016 N55B30
turbo I6
225 kW (302 bhp)
at 5,800 rpm
400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft)
at 1,200–5,000 rpm
electric 40 kW (54 bhp) 210 N⋅m (155 lb⋅ft)
combined 250 kW (335 bhp) 450 N⋅m (332 lb⋅ft)

Diesel[edit]

The factory ratings are as follows:[75][76][77]

Model Years Engine Power Torque
518d 2013–2014 N47D20
turbo I4
105 kW (141 bhp)
at 4,000 rpm
360 N⋅m (266 lb⋅ft)
at 1,750 rpm
2014–2016 B47D20
turbo I4
110 kW (148 bhp)
at 4,000 rpm
361 N⋅m (266 lb⋅ft)
at 1,750–2,500 rpm
520d 2010–2011 N47D20
turbo I4
135 kW (181 bhp)
at 4,000 rpm
380 N⋅m (280 lb⋅ft)
at 1,750–2,750 rpm
2011–2014 140 kW (188 hp)
at 4,000 rpm
400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft)
at 1,750–2,750 rpm
2014–2017 B47D20
turbo I4
143 kW (192 bhp)
at 4,000 rpm
400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft)
at 1,750 rpm
525d 2010–2011 N57D30
turbo I6
150 kW (201 bhp)
at 4,000 rpm
450 N⋅m (332 lb⋅ft)
at 1,750–2,500 rpm
2011–2016 N47D20
turbo I4
160 kW (215 bhp)
at 4,400 rpm
450 N⋅m (332 lb⋅ft)
at 1,500–2,500 rpm
530d1 2009–2011 N57D30
turbo I6
180 kW (241 bhp)
at 4,000 rpm
540 N⋅m (398 lb⋅ft)
at 1,750–3,000 rpm
2011–2017 190 kW (255 bhp)
at 4,000 rpm
560 N⋅m (413 lb⋅ft)
at 1,500–3,000 rpm
 535d2 2010–2012 225 kW (302 bhp)
at 4,400 rpm
600 N⋅m (443 lb⋅ft)
at 1,500–2,500 rpm
2011–2017 230 kW (308 bhp)
at 4,400 rpm
630 N⋅m (465 lb⋅ft)
at 1,500–2,500 rpm
M550d
xDrive
2012–2016 280 kW (375 bhp)
at 4,000–4,400 rpm
740 N⋅m (546 lb⋅ft)
at 2,000–3,000 rpm

1 BMW released a 530d M Performance Kit for some markets boosting power to 210 kW (282 hp) and torque to 600 N⋅m (443 lb⋅ft).
2 North American 535d models used 190 kW (255 bhp) engine from the European-specification 530d models.

Drivetrain[edit]

Transmission options for the model range (excluding the M5) were a 6-speed manual or an 8-speed ZF 8HP automatic. The M5 uses a 7-speed dual clutch transmission or a conventional 6-speed manual.

Chassis and suspension[edit]

The F10 uses the same platform as the F01 7 Series.[78][79] Front suspension is double wishbone with double-pivot lower arms (previous 5 Series generations used Macpherson struts).[50][80] Rear suspension is a multi-link design with 5 links called "Integral V".[48]

Most suspension components are made from aluminium. The chassis is constructed from various grades of steel and the body is 55% stiffer than its E60 predecessor.[50] Compared with the aluminium front structure used by the E60, the F10's steel components are heavier but cheaper to produce and repair.[81] To reduce weight, the bonnet, front fenders and doors are made from aluminium.[50]

The rear-wheel drive version of the 2011 535i has a rollover risk of 9.3% and a 5 of 5 stars overall safety rating.[82]

M5 model[edit]

BMW M5

The F10 M5 was previewed by the BMW Concept M5, which was unveiled at Auto Shanghai in April 2011.[83] The production version was unveiled at the 2011 Frankfurt Motor Show.[84]

Produced solely in the sedan/saloon body style, the F10 M5 is powered by a high output variant of the BMW S63 twin-turbocharged V8 engine, which was first used in the E70 X5 M and E71 X6 M. The S63B44TÜ version used by the M5 has a power output of 412 kW (553 bhp) at 6,000 – 7,000 rpm and a maximum torque of 680 newton metres (500 lb⋅ft) from 1,500 – 5,750 rpm.[85]

To achieve the high power output, the compression ratio was raised from 9.3:1 to 10.0:1 and the boost pressure of the turbochargers was raised from 1.2 bar (17 psi) to 1.5 bar (22 psi).[86] A pulse tuned cross engine exhaust manifold is used.[87] The pistons are strengthened to cope with the added boost and compression. Variable valve lift ("Valvetronic") has also been added to the engine,[86] which is a first for an M engine.[88] The turbochargers are Garrett MGT2260DSL units.[89] The engine has a red-line of 7,200 rpm. Increasingly stringent international CO2 emissions and fuel consumption regulations are cited as the cause of the use of a forced induction V8 engine over the outgoing model's V10 engine, with the new engine cutting CO2 emissions by 25%.[citation needed] Claimed fuel economy is improved 30% over its predecessor.[90]

Acceleration to 100 kilometres per hour (62 mph) is achieved in 4.4 seconds,[91] and top speed is limited to 250 kilometres per hour (160 mph). This could be increased to 305 kilometres per hour (190 mph) if the M Driver's Package was selected.[92]

The M5 also uses an "Active Sound" system that plays a modified engine sound through the car's audio system.[93][94][95]

The Getrag SMG III single-clutch 7-speed semi-automatic transmission of the E60 M5 was replaced by a seven-speed M Double Clutch Transmission with Drivelogic.[96] This is paired with an Active M-Differential with torque vectoring between the rear wheels. In North America, the M5 was available with a 6-speed manual transmission, the only market to be offered this option.[97][98][96]

An Active M-Differential provides torque vectoring between the rear wheels,[99] while the optional 20-inch light alloy wheels are fitted with 265/35/20 front and 295/30/20 rear Michelin Pilot Super Sport tires. Three-way adjustment is provided for steering weight, adaptive damping stiffness and throttle response.[100] The rear suspension cradle is mounted directly to the body without any rubber bushings.[101] From March 2013, carbon ceramic disc brakes were available as an option.[102]

In 2014, BMW introduced a "Competition Package" version, with power output raised to 441 kW (591 bhp) and 700 Nm (516 lb-ft) of torque.[103]

Alpina models[edit]

Alpina produced two variants of the F10/F11 5 Series, the petrol-engined B5 and diesel-engined D5.

B5 Bi-Turbo[edit]

Alpina B5 Bi-Turbo Touring

The B5 is based on the 550i and is powered by an Alpina-modified version of the BMW N63 twin-turbo V8 engine. The original B5, which was unveiled at the 2010 Goodwood Festival of Speed, produced 373 kW (500 bhp) and 700 N⋅m (520 lb⋅ft). The transmission is an 8-speed automatic.[104]

Alpina unveiled an updated B5 at the 2012 Geneva Motor Show. Power had been uprated to 397 kW (532 bhp) and torque to 730 N⋅m (540 lb⋅ft).[105] During 2015, Alpina sold the B5 Bi-Turbo Edition 50, which marked the company's 50th year in operation. The Edition 50 uses an upgraded engine which produces 441 kW (591 bhp) and 800 N⋅m (590 lb⋅ft).[106] The standard B5 received this same engine for the B5's last year of production, 2016.[107][108][109]

D5 Bi-Turbo[edit]

The D5 Bi-Turbo is based on the 535d. It is powered by Alpina-modified version of the BMW N57 turbo straight-6 engine, which produces 257 kW (345 bhp) and 700 N⋅m (520 lb⋅ft).[109]

Special models[edit]

530Le (China only)[edit]

F18 530Le

The 530Le is a plug-in hybrid version F18 long-wheelbase sedan, which was produced solely for the Chinese market.[110]

It was unveiled at the 2014 Guangzhou Auto Show. It was powered by BMW's 160 kW (210 bhp) N20 working in conjunction with an electric motor with a maximum output of 70 kW. In pure-electric mode the 530Le can reach a maximum speed of 120 km/h (75 mph) and has a maximum range of 58 km (36 mi). Combined fuel consumption is 2.1 litres/100 km.[111]

ActiveHybrid 5[edit]

ActiveHybrid 5

The ActiveHybrid is a hybrid version of the 5 Series based on the 535i Sedan. It was previewed by the Concept 5 Series ActiveHybrid at the 2010 Geneva Motor Show[112] and produced from 2011 to 2016.

The production ActiveHybrid 5 features a synchronous electric motor integrated into the housing of the automatic gearbox. This is combined with the turbocharged 3.0 litre straight-six engine from the 535i.[113] The electric motor produces 40 kW (54 bhp) and 210 N⋅m (150 lb⋅ft) of torque. The lithium-ion battery has its own cooling system and has a capacity of 1.35 kWh.[113] Due to the presence of the battery, luggage space is reduced from 520 litres to 375 litres.

Electric-only mode can be used at speeds of up to 60 km/h (37 mph).[114] The ActiveHybrid 5 includes a start-stop system and a coasting mode.[115] BMW claims the ActiveHybrid 5 is capable of an electric-only range of 4 km (2.5 mi).[116]

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) rated the 2013 model year ActiveHybrid 5 with a combined fuel economy of 26 mpg‑US (9.0 L/100 km; 31 mpg‑imp), with 23 mpg‑US (10 L/100 km; 28 mpg‑imp) in the city, and 30 mpg‑US (7.8 L/100 km; 36 mpg‑imp) in highway.[117] The fuel-saving technologies reduces fuel consumption and emissions by more than 10%.[118]

M550d xDrive[edit]

M550d xDrive

The M550d xDrive is the highest diesel-engined model, and was produced in sedan and Touring body styles. It was a launch model for the "M Performance" sub-brand – alongside the X5 M50d and X6 M50d – at the 2012 Geneva International Motor Show[119] and was produced until 2016. The M550d is powered by the N57S triple-turbo straight-6 diesel engine. The N57S produces 280 kW (380 bhp) and 740 N⋅m (550 lb⋅ft), resulting in a claimed 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) acceleration of 4.7s (4.9s for the Touring). The transmission is a ZF 8HP 8-speed automatic[120] and all models are all-wheel drive ("xDrive").

Model year changes[edit]

2012[edit]

  • 520i model introduced, the first 5 Series to be powered by a 4-cylinder turbo petrol engine.[121]
  • ActiveHybrid 5 introduced, the first hybrid-powered 5 Series.
  • "BMW ConnectedDrive" introduced, including an upgraded Head-Up Display, Real-Time Traffic Information and hands-free opening of the tailgate or rear window.[122]

2014 facelift[edit]

The F10 facelift (also known as LCI) models began production in July 2013.[123] Changes include:[124]

  • 518d model introduced.
  • 550i engine upgraded to N63B44O2, increasing power to 331 kW (444 bhp).
  • LED directional headlights (Adaptive Headlights) and revised tail-lights
  • Tablets available for rear seat passengers.
  • Minor exterior styling changes.
  • "Luxury Line" and "Modern Line" trim packages introduced.
  • Upgraded iDrive with touchpad added to the top of the iDrive controller.
  • Gran Turismo models use a revised tailgate and have an increase in luggage capacity by 60 L (2.1 cu ft)

Production[edit]

Production of the F10 occurred at the BMW Group Plant Dingolfing in Germany and at the BMW Brilliance plant in China.[125][126][127] Series production began in January 2010 and the last F10 generation car was produced in March 2017.[citation needed]

Complete knock-down assembly of German-produced kits took place in Thailand,[128] Malaysia[129] Egypt,[130] India,[131] Indonesia[132] and Russia.[citation needed]

Safety[edit]

The 2010 530d received five stars overall in its Euro NCAP test.[133]

Euro NCAP test results
BMW 530d, LHD (2010)[134]
Test Points %
Overall: 5 /5 stars
Adult occupant: 34.3 95%
Child occupant: 40.8 83%
Pedestrian: 28 78%
Safety assist: 7 100%

Marketing[edit]

In 2011, BMW North America released an advertisement called "Refuel" to promote the F10's fuel economy and re-introduce BMW's traditional "Ultimate Driving Machine" motto. The ad features an F10 sedan and a jet plane.[135]

BMW Canada's advertisement for the launch of the F10 M5 in 2012 is a 2-minute video called "Bullet". The advertisement shows the M5 launching from a tube and destroying several targets in its path.[136] In December 2011, the F10 M5 featured in a commercial where an illustrator attempted to draw a Christmas card in the M5 while it was being driven around the Circuit de l'Anneau Du Rhin.[137] A movie featuring an M5 prototype driving in snow was also produced.[138]

The F10 M5 was also used as a Nürburgring Ring Taxi.[139] It was unveiled at the 2011 Goodwood Festival of Speed and replaced the E90 M3 as Ring Taxi in April 2012.[140][141]

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